Gastronomy in Mexico
The style in Mexico’s food is recognized for its intense and variety of flavors, spices and colorful decoration. Many Mexican foods are found on pre-Hispanic, French and Spanish traditions, including the Maya and Aztecs. Some exotic dishes prepared in the Mayan or Aztec style have ingredients coming from spider monkey, iguana to rattlesnake, deer, and even some varieties of insects.
The most common Mexico appetizers are the following: calabaza, squash that can be eaten in different style such as in cakes, candies and stews with tastes that are slightly sweet and smooth; consommé, cooked by combining a ground meats or mousselin with tomatoes, Mirepoix and egg whites; pinto bean (mashed and refried spotted bean either fresh or canned and also used as filling for burritos; and guacamole, mashed avocado with add salt and tomatoes.
Some main dishes in Mexico include the caldo de pollo, cooked with pieces of chicken, sliced onion, carrots, potato halves, minced cilantro, diced tomato, cabbage, and garlic; albóndigas, meatballs with rice and vegetables such as carrots, potatoes, squashes, chayote, onion and seasonings such as salt, cilantro and mint; burrito or taco de harina, consists of a flour tortilla folded around a filling of beans, spanish rice, salsa, meat, lettuce, guacamole, sour cream and cheese.
The usual desserts in Mexico are the Tres leches cake or Pastel de Tres leches, butter cake soaked in three varieties of milk such as condensed milk, evaporated milk, and whole milk or cream); and Dulce de leche, milk candy cooked by slowly heating sweetened milk. Common drinks in Mexico are Pulque or octli, is an alcoholic beverage created from soured juice of the maguey or Agave; and Aguas frescas or "fresh (cold) waters" combining cereals, fruits or seeds and water and sugar.
Mexico is a federal presidential republic which is based on a congressional structure. Based on the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1917, its government is divided into 3 branches – executive, legislative and judicial. The political affairs of Mexico are ruled by 3 major political parties namely the National Action Party (PAN), the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
The president of Mexico is elected for a 6-year term with no opportunity of being reelected. There is no position for the vice-president. The Congress of the Union shall elect an interim president in case of “absolute absence” or incapacity of the President. The legislative branch comprises of the Senate (Cámara de Senadores or Senado) and the Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados). There are 128 senators elected every 6 years through a parallel voting system. The Chamber of Deputies on the other hand has 500 representatives for a 3-year term. The judicial branch is represented by the Supreme Court of Justice with 11 judges or ministers selected by the President. Supreme Court judges serve for 15 years and cannot serve for more once. Other bodies under the judiciary are the Electoral Tribunal, Council of the Federal Judiciary, collegiate, unitary and district tribunals.
Mexico is composed of 31 free and autonomous states. The governor of the state is given the executive authority. Each state is independent and sovereign in their internal administration. No state can make an alliance with any foreign command or any other state. Unless its territory is under attacked, the state cannot declare war against a foreign state.
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