The Weather and Climate in Burundi
Burundi being landlocked located near the equator experiences tropical highland and tropical equatorial climates. Furthermore, attributed to unstable topography, the country has varying climatic conditions. In turn, each region which may be characterized by mountains, hills, and plateaus, corresponds to a distinctive climate that results to interplay of shifting humidity, temperature, and rainfall.
Tropical highland climate is dominant in mountainous portions which comprise most of the territory. Chiefly, it covers elevated lands commonly located in northern and western parts. Temperature within the area is cooler averaging 16°C at the most. Precipitation incidence is also likely to occur in the vicinity with an annual average of 1450mm concentrated in the northwest.
Hot tropical equatorial climate becomes apparent in areas surrounding Lake Tanganyika and Ruzizi River. Regions around these bodies of water are most likely comprised of plain terrains hence the warm environment. Nominal temperature is only around 23°C giving off humid ambiance. Rainfall may also outpour up to an average of 1000mm.
In particular, the two seasons predominant in tropical climate split into another two. As a result, there are four distinctive climatic periods such as the long wet spell (February to May), short wet spell (September to November), long dry spell (June to August), and short dry spell (December to January).
Bujumbura as the capital city can likely represent the climatic particulars of the country. Temperature is fairly stable with an average of 24°C. Similarly, humidity is relatively stable with an average of 71% every year. On the contrary, rainfall is irregular with an annual average of 848mm which takes its peak in April at 125mm and goes down in July at 5mm.