Health Care, Disease Control, Crime and Safety in Iceland
Health service is given to the people of Iceland for the safety of their mental, physical, social heath. The law guarantees that there is no bias regardless of patient’s beliefs, financial status, nationality, race, religion, and gender among others. Mostly, the health service in the country is funded by central government. The body responsible for all health matters is the Director of Public Health. The main duties of health care centers are care examination and general treatment, home nursing and precautionary measures suchlike maternity care, family planning, child and school health care. Hospitals in the country may be categorized as specialized teaching, community and general hospitals. As of 2005, the total expenses on health of GDP are 9.4% and health per capita (Intl $) is 3,354.
In the 1990’s, there are around 53 hospitals and 3,985 beds available. Approximately, there were 1.1 dentists, 8.7 nurses, 0.9 midwives, and 0.8 pharmacists and 3.3 physicians for every 1,000 people in 1998. Life expectation at birth m/f (years) is 79/83; healthy life anticipation at birth m/f is 72/74 (2003); possibility of dying below five for every 1000 live births is 3; chance of dying between 15 and 60 years for every 1000 population m/f is 68/49.
In 1993, the main sources of death for every 100,000 population are malignant neoplasm, respiratory system illnesses, and circulatory system diseases. Other common diseases are in the country are HIV/AIDS, Chronic infectious diseases, leprosy and tuberculosis incidence. Icelandic can dial 112 for emergency medical assistance; it operates 24 hours a day.