Jordan officially regarded as Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was under British Administration until 1946. The country's rare and rich history talks about the numerous civilizations that include Canaanite and the Semitic people: Edomites and the Moabites. A number of ancient political sovereigns have influenced Jordan: Akkadian, Assyrian, Judean, Babylonian, and the Persian empires. The cultures of the Macedonia, Rome, Byzantine, and Ottoman Turkish empires also had influence in the making of its history. In the 17th century, the country was strongly influenced by both Muslim and Arab cultures and for a short span of time dominated by the British rule.
Jordan Independence in 1946 was shortly followed by the leadership of King Hussein, from 1953 to 1999 who was so powerful to compete and overcome the challenges posed by foreign major powers: the US, USSR, and UK. Internal collisions and conflicts from a number of Arab states, Israel, the huge part of Palestinian were also present at that time. With all his glory, King Hussein successfully reinstituted elections in the parliament resulting in political liberalization. It will not be long when King Hussein agreed on a formal peace treaty with Israel in 1994. After King Hussein's death in February 1999, King Hussein, the eldest son, and Princess Muna assumed the throne.
The aggressive economic reform program of the succeeding leadership was a result of consolidated power. In 2000, Jordan managed to concede to the World Trade Organization. Its participation in the European Free Trade Association culminated in 2001. The present prime minister, the government officials appointed in 2003 are working side by side to augment economic gains and develop political reforms.