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Languages in Kyrgyzstan

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Kyrgyz as the native language of the country depicts a rich historical past. It is believed to have evolved from trade negotiation that obliged learning common spoken language centuries ago. Its origin is likely attributed to the Turkic tongue widely used in the Silk Road commerce. It was further customized to fit into the tribal lifestyle so it developed into a distinctive adopted language later on.

In 1923, written language was established. Arabic alphabet pioneered the translation of spoken Kyrgyz on print. Shortly after, Latin alphabet assumed such role upon the linguistic efforts of Kasym Tynystanov. Cyrillic alphabet was introduced later after a decade that suits the language well. In fact, the compatibility sustained its preferential use up to the present. Hence, the initial attempt to do away with this alphabet of Soviet roots failed to materialize.

The spoken language is rich in verbal elements. Phonological techniques incorporated in the alphabet include desonorisation, devoicing, and uvular realisation. Also, the Kyrgyz instituted its own linguistic standards with the use of its native parts of speech. Nouns are governed by certain consonant and vowel conditions. Personal pronouns are available in eight variants, though singular forms of which exhibit irregularities. Basic counterparts of verb tenses are satisfied accordingly, too.

Kyrgyzstan is dominated by two dominant languages. Kyrgyz and Russian dialects are being used by inhabitants. Most citizens though are inclined to speak and write using their native verbal conveyance. Besides, it also gained popularity in Arabian, Oriental, and Russian countries with an estimate of four million speakers acquainted with the Kyrgyz vernacular.

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