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Education in Lebanon

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Lebanon has one of the highest literacy rates in the Arab world because of its well-developed system of education. This system is divided in two sectors, private schools and universities and the public schools and universities. Schools follow the prescribed guidelines of the Ministry of Education. There are four levels of education in Lebanon and these are the primary, intermediate, secondary and the higher Education. The first three phases are free for all students and the first eight years are compulsory by law. The main subjects in their curriculum are sciences, Arabic mathematics and either English or French.

Primary education is taken up for six years. In this level, the subjects being taught are mostly academic with Arabic used as a medium of teaching though some private schools use either French or English as their medium of teaching. After finishing primary education, students are now qualified for admission to intermediate education.

Intermediate education lasts for three years. Students have three different choices in this level. First, a three-year academic course designed to prepare students for the baccalaureate exams. Second, a three-year program designed to prepare students for entering vocational schools or teacher-training institutes and lastly, a three year practical course for less skilled trades. Students earn an Intermediate Certification upon completion of this level.

Moreover, secondary education also has three different programs for the students. The first one is designed for prospective primary and secondary school teachers and it is a three-year program. Second, a vocational program that prepares students for careers in fields such as business and advertising. The last one is designed to focus on academic fields such as mathematics and sciences. Baccalaureate Certificate is awarded to students who finish one of the programs in this level.

After they finish secondary education, students have the option to study in a college, a university or a vocational training institute. However, the number of years in higher education varies, depending on the program that the students’ choose.

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