Languages in Lebanon
Lebanon’s official national language is Arabic as stated in Article 11 of Lebanon’s constitution. Moreover, there are several various languages that are fluently spoken and used all over the country. The other dominant languages are Arabic spoken in North Laventine dialect, English, Armenian, French and Kurdish.
Lebanon’s rich history has a great impact on its language. Lebanon has been a part of various empires such as the Armenian and Arabic Empire which explains why people here can speak various languages. The English language has increased its impact on Lebanon right after the World War II. People who use English as a primary language are often foreigners living in Lebanon. Furthermore, the Kurdish language is spoken by the Kurdish minorities living there. On the other hand, the French language has marked a great impact on Lebanon’s society and culture. This is because of the French mandate of Lebanon which occurred during the 20th century which placed Lebanon under the French government from 1918-1943. It is very evident because most of the government publications appear in French, aside from Arabic, which is its national language. Those who use English and French as a writing medium and speak fluently in these languages are often marked as part of the elite or educated group. There are still people who use French as their first language. These are usually older people who were part of the French mandate on the 20th century.
Lebanon’s various dialects play a vital role in molding its society. Moreover, it also has a great effect on its culture. It can be said because of how people tend to adopt and get used to these different languages. Thus, these different languages play equal roles in forming Lebanon as a nation.