The Culture, Traditions, and Heritage of Liechtenstein
Because of its small total land area, Liechtenstein has been affected by outside cultural influences mostly originating from the German-speaking places of Europe such as Austria, Bavaria, Switzerland, Tirol and Vorarlberg. One of the important parts of culture of the country is the Private Art Collection of the Prince, which is one of the world’s leading private collections of art on display at the Liechtenstein Museum in the 1.6 million-population Vienna in Austria. An international collection of modern and contemporary art is also housed in the Kunstmuseum Liechtenstein, the country’s biggest museum, whose building is now a landmark in the capital city of Vaduz. Exhibits on the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, Iron Age, the era of the Romans, and the Middle Ages are found in the National Museum of Liechtenstein.
The other important museums of the country include the Museum of Fine Arts, Postage Stamp Museum, FIS Ski Museum that shows the history of skiing, English Building with an art space that exhibits contemporary art, a Calculator and Typewriter Museum with exhibits that include the legendary Curta, the smallest mechanical calculator in the world made in Liechtenstein. Still another important part of culture is music organizations such as the Liechtenstein Guitar Days Ligita, Operetta Stage, and Jazz and Blues in the Courtyard. In sports, the people are inclined to football teams that play in the Swiss Football League, with FC Vaduz as the most successful team in the Liechtenstein Cup. They also perform religious or customs practices such as the Funkensonntag or Spark Sunday just before Easter, where straw witches are burned on large bonfires to drive away winter.