Education in Lithuania
Lithuania’s system of education is governed by the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Most Lithuanians in the age group fifteen to thirty nine are literate and have completed basic schooling. Lithuania reached a 99% literacy rate in 1994.
Using Lithuanian as the medium of language for education was introduced in the 20th century. The country replaced a “Soviet school” with what is called “national school” philosophy. However they still maintain Soviet organizational features. The system of education in the Republic of Lithuania began its development in the 1990s. There are separate schools that use polish or Russian as the medium of language for education.
Since 2003, the education system covers pre-school, secondary school, vocational, junior college, higher and adult education. Pre-school is not mandatory and age of entry is three to six years old. The Lithuanian government covers the fees partially. The basic first stage of education begins with primary school at the age of six years old. Primary and secondary schooling lasts up to twelve years. It is divided into three stages: primary, which lasts up to four years; lower secondary, which lasts six years; and secondary, which lasts two years. Secondary education has been compulsory since 1978.
There are two types of higher education institutions in the country: universities and colleges. These can be of two types: state and non-state. Lithuanian universities are self-governing and have been granted autonomy by the law.
The Lithuanian educational system is still undergoing its reform and plans to finish by this year.