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The Government and Political System in Luxembourg

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Luxembourg, being in the heart of Europe, provides not only a strategic military location but an essential trade route. The country’s advantageous set up attracted the Romans, French, Germans, Belgians and even the Prussians. Many wars were fought and Luxembourg was passed down from one colonizer to the next. As a result of various political influences, Luxembourg is now a Grand Duchy run by democratic parliamentary government which is led by a monarch. Even through this complex political structure, the government still managed to maintain a stable economy and high quality of life among its citizens.

After regaining its independence through the Second Treaty of London, the Luxembourgish Government formed its constitution which mandated that the executive power be awarded to the Grand Duke and his cabinet which is composed of several ministers. It also stated that dissolving and reinstating a new legislature falls under the power of an elected Governor, provided that the judicial powers pertaining the new legislature’s approval lies with Grand Duke. However, the judiciary was moved to the Supreme Court sometime in 1919.

There is also a Chamber of Deputies formed from the election of sixty members. It is in this chamber of sixty individuals that the legislative powers were awarded by the revised constitution of 1919. Each of the members is entitled to five year term. Aside from the Chamber of Deputies, a Council of State is appointed to advise the deputies in the forming or deletion of legislations.

Luxembourg is divided into three political regions upon which its three lower tribunals are situated. The two district tribunals are Diekirch and Luxembourg City. The Superior Court of Justice, which is comprised of the Court of Cassation and the Court of Appeal, is also found in Luxembourg City. For cases involving government officials, an Administrative Court and Administrative Tribunal together with the Constitutional Court was formed. Most of these judicial institutions are located within Luxembourg City.

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