Religious Beliefs and Spirituality in Luxembourg
Majority of Luxembourg’s population is made up of Roman Catholics. Archdiocese of Luxembourg is in charge of Luxembourg’s Catholic Church. Initially, the Catholic Church of Luxembourg was a part of Germany and Belgium. Its autonomy came with the rise of the Grand Duchy to apostolic prefecture on June 2, 1840. About three decades later, Luxembourg was established as an apostolic vicariate. Shortly after this, conflicts between the church and the state surfaced but in December 27, 1870, all issues were settled and Luxembourg was declared an exempt diocese. In 1988, the Grand Duchy became an Archdiocese. Saint Michael’s Church, first built in 987 for the Count of Luxembourg, is the longest standing religious site found in Luxembourg City.
The Protestant Church is also present in the Grand Duchy. The Protestant Church of Luxembourg, a fusion of Calvinism and Lutheranism, is only one of the many in the world. The Grand Duke Adolphe perpetuated the establishment of the Protestant Church in Luxembourg in 1894. During that time, there was an apparent imbalance in their society hence the Duke sought to alleviate this by recognizing the presence of the Protestant minority in the country.
Roughly 13% of Luxembourg’s population is non-Catholic. Apart from the Protestant Church, other religious sectors present in the country are Jewish and Islamic. Jews have been present in the region as early as the 13th century, making Judaism the longest running religion, relative to the other minorities. On the other hand, the Muslim population has continuously grown over the years but although there are mosques in Luxembourg, most of them opt to go to the neighboring countries of Germany, France, or Belgium to pray. What is remarkable about the state is that it does not incline itself to any single religion.