The Weather and Climate in Montenegro
Montenegro has three climatic zones: the Coastal zone, Continental zone, and the ̊Mountain zone, which give the country the climate of amazing diversity.
The Coastal zone consists of a narrow strip along the Adriatic Sea and has a Mediterranean climate, with long, dry summer, short and mild winter. The zone includes the towns of Kotor, which is a UNESCO-protected town, Budva and Petrovac. Its July temperature is between 28°C and 30°C, while its winter average temperature is 9°C. Spring in the coastal zone is characterized by sunny weather and autumn by frequent rainfall, with November as the wettest month.
The Continental zone consists of the central part of Montenegro including the Zeta Plain, the Bjelopavlici Plain, and the capital city of Podgorica. It is warmer in this zone as a result of the influences of water surface. Podgorica is considered as the hottest spot in the country but the cold air penetration from the north makes more days chilly in the zone.
The Mountain zone consists of the mountain region, the highest mountain peaks reaching 2,000 meters in the sub-alpine climate and cold snowy winters of up to five meters of snow in the mountains. The zone has 270 hours of sunshine during summer with a temperature of 23°C to 9°C, which dips to 3°C during winter when mountains are snow-covered. About 60% of the country is mountainous with more than 1,000 meters in height and rapidly varying temperature and weather conditions.
The sea temperature in winter is 10°C to 12°C and in summer, 25°C to 28°C. The best time to visit the country is between May and September when one can experience the serene beauty of Kotor fjord, the tranquility of Lake Shadar and the vast stretches of sand in Ulcinj in the Veliki Pluza region.