The Government and Political System in Montenegro
Montenegro has a Parliamentary Republic form of government run through the Executive Branch, the Legislative Branch and the Judicial Branch.
The Executive Branch is composed of the President as head of state, who is elected by direct vote for a five-year term and who is eligible for a second term; a Prime Minister who is head of government and is recommended by the President and approved by Parliament; a Deputy Prime Minister; and the Ministers, who are heads of the government’s various departments or ministries.
The Legislative Branch is the unicameral Parliament with 81 members elected by direct vote for a four-year term each. The Parliament legislates measures pertaining to the country and its people.
The Judicial Branch is composed of a Constitutional Court of five judges who serve a nine-year term each, and a Supreme Court composed of judges with life tenure in office.
The national government consists of administrative divisions of 21 municipalities including Andrijevica, Bar, Berana, Bijelo Polje, Budva, Citinje, Danilovgrad, Herceg Novi, Kolasin, Kotor, Mojkovac, Niksi, Plav, Pijevlja, Pluzina, Podgorica, Rosaje, Savnik, Tivat, Ulcinj, and Zabljak.
The ministries, whose heads are members of the Executive Branch, are those of Agrculture, Forestry and Water Management; Culture, Sports and Media; Defense; Economic Development; Education and Science; European Integration; Finance; Foreign Affairs; Health; Human and Minority Rights Protection; Information Society; Interior Affairs and Public Admiistration; Justice; Labor and Social Welfare; Maritime Affairs, Transportation and Telecommunications; Tourism; and Urbanism and Environmental Protection.