A Short History of Macedonia
Macedonia is located at the central of Southern Balkan, northern part of ancient Hellas (Greece), west of Thrace, and east of Illyria. Macedonia is one of the oldest names retained in the Europe continent. The people of Macedonia have a distinct linguistics, ethnic, and culturally unique compared to their neighboring countries.
The country of Macedonia was once included in the kingdom of Paeonia. The country was once populated by Paeonians. In the year 336 BC, Philip II of Macedon conquered the Upper Macedonia, including the Southern and Northern part of Paeonia. Alexander the Great, successor and Phillip II’s son, conquered the rest of Macedonia, reaching to the north of Danube, and add it to its empire.
In the 7th century, Justinian II captured nearly 110,100 Macedonian Slavs and transferred to Asia and forced to recognize the power of the Byzantine emperor as its leader.
Just as the 10th century is about to end, the Republic of Macedonia was recognized to be the center of political and cultural activities of the First Bulgarian Empire under the ruler Tsar Samuil.
Between 13th and 14th century, Byzantines ruling was ended by the Serbian and Bulgarian rule.
Macedonia was captured and conquered by the Ottoman Empire for approximately 500 years.
In the year 1912 to 1914, the First Balkan war resulted for Macedonia to be conquered by Serbia.
After the World War I, the Macedonian Slavs of Serbia became southern Serbs and spoke the dialect of the Serbians.
During the World War II, Yugoslavia granted Macedonia the federal status of “People Republic of Macedonia”. In 1991, former Yugoslavia granted the Republic of Macedonia its independence.