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The Weather and Climate in Oman

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Oman is physically subdivided into several natural divisions. On one part there is a narrow but relatively long coastal plain, another consists of mountain ranges and a collection of hills, and lastly, the inland flat terrain. Two-thirds of Oman is considered desert land but this region is not filled entirely of sand but is mostly just barren land with an addition of gravel. Roughly a quarter of a century past, this barren land was found to have been not so “barren” after all with the discovery of oil reserves in the area. Since then, oil companies in Oman have been making the most of this region.

Hence, the climate is normally hot and most times one may feel parched. But on the other hand, the concentration of moisture along Oman’s coast is high.

The hottest period in the country falls somewhere along the months of May until August and sometimes, up to the early part of September. Rainfall in Oman is relatively minimal, with only an annual average of 4 inches (100 mm) however, precipitation in the mountains is a different case. All parts of Oman experience the arid summer (110 °F or 43 °C) except the Dhofar region, where the summer monsoon usually hits. This is also the reason why this region is considered relatively more temperate than the northern parts of the country. The rainfall starts to diminish from June to September. Late September until April is the best time to visit Oman, since the weather is more favorable. Winters in Oman are very mild, with the lowest temperatures recorded averaging approximately 63 °F (17 °C) only. For some visitors, especially those accustomed to low temperatures, winter in Oman is very tolerable.

Cotton clothing and those made of other light materials are recommended for use in the country. For winter evenings when it gets a bit cooler, a warm wrap will be sufficient.

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