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Languages in Peru

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Spanish is the first and primary official language of Peru. It is mostly used in all official activities and as well as the media. It also considered as Romance language, approximately fourth most valuable spoken language in the world. The Romance languages are an outgrowth of the Indo-European language family containing all the languages that derive from Latin, the language of ancient Rome. About 700 million indigene speakers worldwide, primarily Europe, Africa, and Americas, and also from other smaller regions spread throughout the world. The origin of romance languages comes from Vulgar Latin. The famous sociolect of Latin spoken by colonists, soldiers and merchants of the Empire, as discovered from the Classical style of the language applied by the Roman intellectuals, and usually in writing.

Quechua and Aymara are other languages used by indigenous Peruvian people. Quechua is a Native American language. It is normally spoken in all over South America, specifically in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, southern Colombia, northwestern Argentina and northern Chile. The accounting system of Quechua was based on khipu-strings (or knots) used for counting purposes including census taking, taxes and inventory, but have no written alphabet. Puma, quinoa, coca, condor, guano, gaucho, jerky, Inca, llama, and potato are some Quechua words that are adopted in English through Spanish. The indigene language of the Aymara is called Aymara as well. They are native cultural group in the Altiplano regions of South America and Andes; around 1.6 million live in Northern Chile, Peru , Bolivia, and Northwestern. The said regions lived for numerous centuries before getting a subject people of the Inca, and afterwards of the Spanish in the 16th century.

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