The Culture, Traditions, and Heritage of Serbia
The culture of the republic of Serbia is a mix of various influences. During the middle ages, the Serbian culture was greatly influenced by the Eastern Roman Empire due to its proximity. The effects of this influence can usually be seen in the Serbian epic poems that are a big part of the traditions in Serbia.
Another strong influence to the culture of Serbia is its church, the Serbian Orthodox Church, which is considered to be one of the oldest Indo-European churches in the world. The church has always been a powerful influence and continues to be a prevailing authority over the people of Serbia.
In terms of music, the Serbian culture was mostly influenced by the Islamic Turkish Empire which ruled the country for more than three hundred years. During this time, an assortment of musical instruments was introduced into the country and this led to an eventual burgeoning of Serbian music.
Literature is one of the major sections of Serbian culture. With the Serbian book Miroslav's Gospel, Serbia has its own contribution to the world. This is evidenced by the inclusion of this old manuscript, considered to have been written in the 12th century, in the “Memory of the World” list that is organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Serbia also has a rich and opulent culture when it comes to cinema. It has the Belgrade Theatre Festival, also known as the “Bitef”. This festival, being founded in 1967, is one of the first theatre festivals in the world. It is also one of the more compelling festivals that are celebrated in this country.