Religious Beliefs and Spirituality in Slovakia
Christianity is the main religion in Slovakia. This is quite evident based on the numerous churches of various faiths that can be found in the cities and villages. The beginning of Christianity in Slovakia can trace back its roots up to the first century AD. The first Christian church was built in 833 A.D. in the city of Nitra.
There is freedom of religion in the Slovak Republic, their constitution guarantees it. Based on current census, there are almost 70% Roman Catholics, 10% Protestants, 4% Greek Catholic or Eastern Orthodox, 3% belong to others religions and 13% who have none. Aside from the abovementioned the other religious denominations are the Augsburg, Reformed Christian, Czech and Slovak Orthodox, Jehovahâ€™s Witnesses, Methodist, Baptist, Seventh Day Adventist, Apostolic Hussite Church and other smaller denominations of various faiths. There was a substantial Jewish population before the Second World War. However Nazi genocidal policies have reduced their numbers to around two thousand.
There are also Catholic primary and secondary schools as well as universities. Religion is a subject in the primary schools but parents can choose other subjects like Ethics as an alternative. Some television stations have regular broadcasts of programs with religious themes. Some of these religious groups also published their own newspapers magazines and books.
The Roman Catholic Church has eight dioceses including three archdioceses. The Eastern Orthodox followers are mostly staying in the Ukrainian or Ruthenian areas which are located in the north and south of the country.