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A Short History of San Marino

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San Marino is founded by Marinus of Rab, who is a stonecutter, on the 3rd of September during the year 301. It reigns as the oldest sovereign state and constitutional republic ever recorded in the world. The history of San Marino begun when Saint Marinus left the island of Rab in a place called Croatia together with his friend named Leo. They made their way to the city of Rimini and established their identity as masons. Due to the Dioletianic Persecution because of his Christians sermons, he then made his escape to the nearby town of Monte Titano. There he built a little church which led to the foundation of the city state we know as San Marino.

In 1631, the Papacy recognized the independence of this state. Because of the place’s inaccessible location and poverty, a community was created. It was followed by a few interruptions by while maintaining its independence. During 1797 the Napoleon’s Army threatened the independence of the state of San Marino but because of the bravery of one of its regents Antonio Anofri, he not only gained the respect of Napoleon but he drove the tyrant to make friends with him.

During the later stage of the Italian unification process in the 19th century, San Marino became a sanctuary for people that are persecuted due to their opposition for the unification. Because of these happenings Giuseppe Garibaldi, an Italian military and a political figure, granted the request of San Marino not to be listed or to be as part of the Italian States. 

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