The Weather and Climate in Tajikistan
Tajikistan exhibits varying climate such as continental, subtropical, and semi-arid that stretch into its multiple mountains. In fact, 90% of the territory is mountainous making the small country a landlocked territory similar to its neighbouring Central Asian nations. Indeed, the intriguing terrain yields to interesting interplay of several climatic conditions.
Topography indeed is the real culprit on this matter that brought about varying altitudes across the land. Indirect variation can be observed between altitude level and temperature range. In effect, mountain regions are cooler compared to the plains situated in the northern and southern portion. On the contrary, direct variation between altitude level and precipitation is apparent. Rainfall tends to concentrate in the mountains which are cradle to several glaciers keeping the valley dry.
Climate instability likewise affects prevailing seasons hence moderate to extreme conditions are likely to arise. Dry summer inflicts extremely hot temperature specifically in the lowlands with temperature escalating over 40°C. Wet winter is relatively cold with temperature that goes down to -27°C characterized with some snowfall. Shifts to moderate climatic state are achieved in spring which is inclined to be rainy and autumn which is inclined to be dry both under a temperature range of 20°C to 30°C.
Dushanbe which happens to be the capital city comprises one climate region. Temperature show off is reflected by an upward sloping curve throughout the year which takes it peak in July at 28°C and gradually falls back to 4°C at the end of the year. On the contrary, precipitation counteracts the trend leaving the period of June to September arid, March to April very rainy (80mm), and the rest with mild rainfall (50mm).