Health Care, Disease Control, Crime and Safety in Tajikistan
Tajikistan maintained the mediocre health system from the Soviet era. In turn, country’s medical services gone worst coupled by issues on insufficient funds, exodus of doctors, and shortage of facilities. Indeed, the national government is held responsible on this depressing condition that puts to risk the lives of its citizens.
In the post Soviet-era, quality of health on the citizenry has declined. Poor nutrition and sanitation have been apparent due to the prevalent meagre economic condition. This was even made worst with typhoid epidemic coupled with frequent incidence of cholera, malaria, and tuberculosis. Common causes of death are cardiovascular, infectious, parasitic, and respiratory diseases.
It has been contended that the State has low regard on the nation’s health services. Although the Ministry of Health has been instituted to promote medical welfare, this executive body lacks the fund to support implementation of its program. In 1992, the Ministry had the lowest budget allocation among other co-equal bodies. After a decade, the government made another drastic move of eliminating the right of the Tajiks to free medical care by virtue of a 2003 constitutional amendment.
In particular, 2006 World Health Statistics revealed that total population is 6.64 million; expenditure on health is only 5% of the GDP; life expectancy in male is 63 years and in female is 66 years; children mortality rate is 68 per 1,000; adult mortality rate in male is 225 and in female is 177 per 1,000. Also, overwhelming estimated number of addicts was recorded within the range of 60,000 to 100,000 (with no available treatment) due to the importation of illegal drugs.