Studies & Degrees in Radiology
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Radiology Study Programs
Who would have thought that electromagnetic radiation would be another medical splendour? Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen just did when he made one remarkable breakthrough upon the discovery of the X-Ray on November 8, 1895. In particular, it was named as such to signify its anonymity differentiated from longer UV rays and shorter Gamma rays hence the X-ray designation although it may likewise be referred to as X-radiation or Rontgen radiation. Nonetheless, the event commenced the science of internal imaging which has been imperative in the field of medicine. Consequently, X-ray study is only one facet of the multidisciplinary nature of Radiology Studies that further encompass an array of medical radioactivity.
Radiology is particularly a medical specialty that deals with internal imaging to come up with clinical diagnosis. Basically, radiologic technologies are directed towards providing images of human anatomy inimical to determine normal functions of an individual’s physiological systems. These include a collection of imaging media such as Computed Tomography (three dimensional imaging via two-dimensional X-rays), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (detailed structure imaging via powerful magnetic and radio frequency fields), Positron Emission Tomography (three-dimensional imaging via positron-emitting radionuclide), Ultrasound (reflection signature via cyclic sound pressure), and X-Ray Radiography (two-dimensional imaging via X-ray).
In the same way, radiology is equally concerned on treatment of medical conditions. As a matter of fact, there exists interventional radiology which is described as the process of carrying out medical procedures with the aid of imaging technologies. More often than not, these clinical methods are minimally invasive utilizing needles and catheters along the process. Treatment procedures include balloon angioplasty (inflation of blocked blood vessel), chemoembolization (direct delivery of chemotherapy), cholecystostomy (gallbladder tube insertion to remove infected bile), radiofrequency ablation (localized tissue destruction), thrombolysis (blood clot dissolution), etc. Procedures commonly require physicians with expertise both on general medicine and interventional radiology as regulated practice.
Radiology is undoubtedly an interesting facet of medical science. Even physicians are obliged to undergo further studies such as the diagnostic radiology program not to mention additional courses on vascular and interventional radiology for professional practice as an interventional radiologist. In most cases though, medical imaging and interpretation is offered as part of the curriculum in Health Science studies. Furthermore, there is a particular discipline for non-physician radiologist aspirants in the academe. Accessible undergraduate course programs for this field of study may include Radiologic Science, Radiologic Technology, and Radiography. Relevant graduate studies consist of Master of Science in Imaging Science, Master of Radiology, and Doctor of Philosophy in Human Imaging. There are also associate degrees conferred to radiologic technicians under certification program such as Radiation Therapy, Medical Laboratory, and Diagnostic Medical Sonography.
Indeed, there is an extensive career niche for radiology specialists. Many different health institutions await these professionals worldwide. These include top hospitals such as in Asia (Bumrungrad Medical Centre, Matilda Hospital, and Parkway Health Care), United Kingdom (Great Ormond Street Hospital, King’s College Hospital, and Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital), and United States (Massachusetts General Hospital, John Hopkins Hospital, and Mayo Clinic). Apart from intervention radiologists for physicians, other job posts for non-physicians include radiologist, radiology technologist, radiology technician, and radiologic technologies operator.