In the process of designing, Designers look at the purpose, the materials to be used, the size, type and cut of the stone and the ease or difficulty of executing the design into an actual piece. Purpose of making a design would vary as it could be jewelry for an occasion like weddings and engagements. It could be a special order by a wealthy patron. Sometimes a patron would just come barging in and would say “jeweler, please make me a necklace with the name of my wife written on it in diamond beads,” or anything of this sort. Sometimes, due to the size and cut of the stone, the design would have to allow maximum exposure to show off its full majestic splendor. However allowances would also have to be made to make sure the stone is fastened well so it would not fall off easily. How the stone was cut would also contribute to the overall design. If a stone was cut with edges then the Designer would shy away from curved sidings or whatever that would not be compensating with a stone cut with edges. An example of this consideration is the signature multiple prong designs by Tiffany & Co. This design by Tiffany allows maximum light to enter the stone showing of its brilliance to radiate majestically. Because the Designer didn’t want to defeat the purpose of wearing a large-stoned jewelry, that is to show off wealth and beauty, the multi-prong design was conceived for jewelries with large stones on them. The type of stone would be taken in consideration because different stones would have different colors. Some stones would look good in gold and some in platinum. And lastly, some Designers would consider making a design only if it is logically possible to be made into an actual jewelry. Of course, the more intricate a design, the harder it is to make and so very intricate designs would just remain designs until technology would be available for them to be viable. Theoretically, any design should be doable but since some designs would require more processes or more moldings, the cost of the design would become very expensive making them not worth pursuing doing them.
Those who are serious in becoming a Jewelry Designer like Paloma Picasso should have a degree in an art or design school and then take jewelry making classes to be exposed to the world of precious gems and metals.