Study Endocrinology, Endocrinology Schools
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Endocrinology is a subdivision of medicine that deals with illnesses concerning the Endocrine System and its particular secretions known as hormones. The beginnings of Endocrinology can be traced back to the country of China. By 200 B.C., the Chinese were already segregating sex and pituitary secretions found in a person’s urine for the purpose of medicine. Sublimation was a complex method that was used for such procedure. This happened 1500 years before Europeans, through a man name Berthold who discovered that the castration of cockerels did not result in wattles or combs nor did it display explicitly male deeds. It was in 1935 that pure, crystalline male sex hormone known as testosterone was isolated.
Relevant tissues and other endocrine glands have long been recognized and discovered by the anatomists of early years, but the classical thinkers such as Hippocrates and Aristotle were responsible for the more humoral move toward understanding its functions biologically as well as the corresponding diseases. It was until the introduction of the germ theory, physiology and pathology during the 19thcentury that these theories held influence.
In the United States, there are approximately 4,000 Endocrinologists who are specializing in internal medicine and pediatrics.
Endocrinologists who deal primarily with the fertility and menstrual problem are called Reproductive Endocrinologists. But before Endocrinologists can formally practice their specialty, they go through a training first in obstetrics (in the case of REI) depending on the training system the State they are under has.
Residency is the term designated for the training to achieve a board certification in the fields of internal medicine, pediatrics and gynecology in the United States or Canada right after medical school. For sub-specializations, a formal training is also required to be able to practice adult, pediatric or reproductive endocrinology termed as a fellowship. In North America, Endocrinologists are required four (4) years of college, another four (4) years for medical school, residency of three (3) years and lastly, three (3) years for fellowship. The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) board certifies Adult Endocrinology.
There are a variety of principal professional organizations recognized in North America which includes The Endocrine Society, the American Diabetes Association, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and many others. The main professional organizations in the United Kingdom are the Society for Endocrinology and the British Society for Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes. The largest international professional organization that is directly-related to Pediatric Endocrinology is the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology.