Political science is a branch of the social sciences which is concerned with the analysis, description, and prediction of political behavior, political systems and politics. Political science is considered to be a "soft" science, which means that it depends more on subjective interpretations than hard data.
Professionals in political science typically specialize in a particular field, such as conducting research and surveys on public opinion, advising politicians and important government officials, or providing comments on policy decisions. Moreover, experts in this field construct and carry out surveys and research projects to analyze poverty rates, pollution levels, water and food quality, the condition of roads and public structures, and the effectiveness of government initiatives, together with many other similar things. They use this information to write reports, educate officials and the public, and promote change. Some skilled political scientists may work for a specific politician or official, conducting research and providing expert advice on political decisions. He or she might specialize in certain types of policies, such as international affairs, Homeland Security, health care, education, or business development. Finally, political science professionals help lawmakers determine the need for new approaches to public policies and suggest ways to achieve success.
If you wish to pursue a career in political science you would have to obtain a bachelor's degree at minimum from an accredited institution. A lot of undergraduate students decide to pursue master's or doctoral degrees in the subject to enhance their understanding of political systems and improve their chances of finding better jobs and employment. Most new employees in government, law offices, and journalism institutions begin their careers as assistants to established professionals in the field, where they have the opportunity to observe the detailed work involved in such jobs. This is why the way your course is structured may be crucial – especially if it involves an opportunity for internships and other activities allowing you to enter the field and get in touch with the right people.
Nonprofit groups, research institutions, and government offices are popular job locations for political science graduates. There, you might be responsible for researching historical policy decisions or analyzing the effectiveness of present ones, using information from public surveys and records. Many policy and survey analysts outline detailed reports which are used by politicians, judges, and other members of government to influence future decisions.
On the other hand, there are a good number of graduates of political science programs, who choose to become involved in print, television, or radio journalism, where they apply their expert understanding of political systems to create reports about current events. Political scientists might cover elections, conduct interviews, or attend press conferences, where they often have the opportunity to ask questions. Another possible profession is this of the political advisor. Political advisors are political science expert, who work alongside politicians and government officials, helping them make important decisions in a number of different situations. Advisors for city or state officials often focus on local affairs, such as raising money for schools or health institutions. In other cases you might be focusing on proposing international agreements, changing environmental policy, raising or lowering taxes, or making important economical decisions.
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