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The study of the care of all things in relation to the heart and the cardiovascular system in general is called Cardiology. Unlike Cardiac Surgeons who perform operations, Cardiologists are responsible for performing procedures and tests that concern the heart.
This discipline delves into researches, diagnoses and treatments for various heart diseases as well as their origins. A cardiologist is not only expected to treat your heart conditions, they are also expected to keep track of your other conditions as well such as increase in blood pressure, increased cholesterol levels, diabetes and other contributing factors that increases the risk of heart damage. These risk factors include sedentary lifestyle, hereditary conditions, obesity, cigarette smoking, and poor eating habits.
Heart matters should not be left in the hands of a regular or general healthcare provider. We should entrust our special matters to the field of medicine that specializes in certain types of conditions and the organs involved. Cardiologists will be able to remedy minor conditions and can refer you to other specialist if the need arises.
Specialists can notify your doctor about certain beneficial drugs that work well with you, or refer you to other specialists in case your symptoms are more severe than expected. Regular physicians also seek the consult of cardiology specialists in order to identify the best course of action for your health situation. Cardiologists often request for an EKG or blood test in order to study the causes.
Observations on the heart’s anatomy and physiology were first discovered by William Harvey in 1902. This became the main foundation of cardiology in the year 1628. Physicians began broadening their understanding of this field in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was Jean Baptiste de Sénac’s publication on the contemporary wisdom of the heart in 1749 that contributed to the study of Cardiology. It was during the 19th century that diagnostic methods showed improvements and in 1905, the invention of the ECG or the electrocardiograph machine, measured the electrical activity of the heart. And it was in the 1950s when Echocardiography, was made possible by ultrasonic waves that showed the images of the heart through the chest wall. Heart transplant was one of the many surgical advances in cardiology in the 20th century.
There are a number of organizations that devote to increase awareness in keeping the heart healthy such as the American Heart Association that has made it their obligation to help the public fight the battle against heart illnesses and stroke. Their center of attention is on the definite causes intended to lend a hand to people in attaining a “hearty” lifestyle. Through their assistance, people are encouraged to take preventive measures and provide them with the necessary supporting materials in helping them make a positive action towards their cause.