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What is considered a severe discrepancy SLD?

(a) A severe discrepancy is defined as a 50 percent or higher probability of a two standard deviation discrepancy between general cognitive ability and achievement in one or more of the areas identified in ARM 10.16.
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What counts as severe learning disability?

Severe Learning Difficulty (SLD)

They may also have associated difficulties in mobility and co-ordination, communication and perception and acquisition of self-help skills. Pupils with SLD will need support in all areas of the curriculum. They may also require teaching of self-help, independence and social skills.
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What is the standard deviation for learning disability?

learning disorder (LD)

In standard practice, a discrepancy of 2 standard deviations must exist between general intelligence testing scores (as measured by a standard normed IQ test) and achievement scores (as measured by a standard normed achievement test).
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What does the discrepancy factor in learning disabilities refer to?

The term “discrepancy” refers to a mismatch between a child's intellectual ability and their progress in school.
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What is the SLD identification discrepancy model?

The discrepancy model is an approach used in special education to determine whether a student has a specific learning disability (SLD). This model compares a student's cognitive ability or IQ to their academic achievement in specific areas such as reading, writing, or math.
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🚨 Unraveling The Severe Discrepancy Model 🧩 #SpecialEducation #Evaluation

What is a severe discrepancy model?

The Severe Discrepancy model allows educators to determine if a student's inadequate progress is commensurate with his or her cognition and whether the student is working to his or her potential.
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What is a significant discrepancy?

As defined in the Wisconsin DPI rule for SLI, “'significant discrepancy' means performance on a norm-referenced assessment that meets the cutoff score for a speech or language disorder and is significantly below age- or grade-level expectations relative to a normative sample, often reported as a percentile or standard ...
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What does severe discrepancy compare a student's ability with?

Discrepancy analysis compares the student's cognitive ability with the student's academic achievement to determine if a significant difference between ability and achievement exists. This process was used to identify students with disabilities and compares a student's ability scores with achievement scores.
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What is the primary method used to assess severe discrepancy?

For the purposes of determining a severe discrepancy, the following scores must be used: • A total or full scale intellectual ability score. Academic achievement test score which can be converted into a standard score with a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. may be used to determine SLD eligibility.
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How is the RTI model different from the severe discrepancy model for specific learning disabilities?

RTI or 'Response To Intervention' is a new approach to the identification of a learning disability which is intended to alleviate the problems associated with the discrepancy model. With RTI, there is no need to formally evaluate cognitive abilities or academic achievement.
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How many standard deviations does SLD have?

For initial placement, the severe discrepancy must be equal to or greater than 1.75 standard deviations below the mean on a distribution of regression scores for the general population at the student's chronological age.
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How much standard deviation is acceptable?

In other words, standard deviation measures how to spread out each data point from the mean. What is a good standard deviation? While there is no such thing as a good or bad standard deviation, funds with a low standard deviation in the range of 1- 10, may be considered less prone to volatility.
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What is the acceptable limit of standard deviation?

Statisticians have determined that values no greater than plus or minus 2 SD represent measurements that are are closer to the true value than those that fall in the area greater than ± 2SD.
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What are considered moderate to severe disabilities?

Moderate/Severe Disabilities (M/S) Includes autism; deaf-blindness; moderate to severe mental retardation; multiple disabilities; serious emotional disturbance; and authorizes service in grades K-12 and in classes organized primarily for adults through age 22.
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Is a learning disability a severe mental impairment?

A learning disability is to do with the way someone's brain works. It makes it harder for someone to learn, understand or do things. is often confused with mental health problems. Mental health problems can affect anyone at any time and may be overcome with treatment, which is not true of learning disability.
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Is Down's syndrome a severe learning disability?

People with Down's syndrome will have some level of learning disability. This means they'll have a range of abilities. Some people will be more independent and do things like get a job. Other people might need more regular care.
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How many points is a severe discrepancy?

If there is between a 20-22 point difference (1.5 standard deviation), this is a strong indication that the student has a learning disability. The discrepancy must be corroborated by other evaluation information, such as from other tests, scales, instruments, observations, and work samples.
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What is the IQ range for SLD?

A Specific Learning Disorder will refer to all those whose difficulties satisfy the DSM - 5, and ICD-10 criteria - of significant and persistent academic underachievement that begin during school, including that of having a measured IQ of 70 and above.
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How do you determine discrepancy?

A discrepancy would be noted if the academic percentiles or stanines fell into the below average ranges. If there is a significant discrepancy between a students IQ and a student's achievement/academic testing scores, it indicates the presence of a learning disability.
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What is an example of a discrepancy?

an unexpected difference, esp. in two amounts or two sets of facts or conditions, which suggests that something is wrong and has to be explained: There were troubling discrepancies between his public and private opinions on how to balance the budget.
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What is the IQ achievement discrepancy method of identifying SLD?

In general, the discrepancy model employed in most states including California requires that the following four criteria are met before determining eligibility for SLD: (a) establishing a discrepancy between intellectual/cognitive ability and academic achievement, (b) identifying the existence of a psychological/ ...
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What is the IQ test for learning disabilities?

Intelligence tests (often called IQ tests) most commonly used to diagnose a learning disability include the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WIPPSI), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC), and the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS).
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What does high discrepancy mean?

(dɪskrepənsi ) variable noun. If there is a discrepancy between two things that ought to be the same, there is a noticeable difference between them.
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What is a drawback to using a discrepancy approach to identifying children with learning disabilities?

What is a drawback to using a discrepancy approach to identifying children with learning disabilities? Test scores don't represent actual performance.
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What is a discrepancy amount?

Discrepancy Amount means the amount of any sales credit granted to a customer of the Company relating to billing disputes in connection with meter discrepancies, other than those sales credits granted in the Company's normal (ELP) sales credit process (which ELP sales credits consist of those granted as a result of the ...
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