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What is curriculum according to Hollis Caswell?

Hollis Caswell (1901-1989) –also believed that the curriculum should be based on the needs of the learner and they must experience what they learn. so, the curriculum should be formed to provide experiences.
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What is curriculum according to Caswell and Campbell?

Caswell and Campbell viewed curricula as "all experiences children have under the guidance of teachers." This definition is shared by Smith, Stanley, and Shores when they defined curriculum as "a sequence of potential experiences set up in schools for the purpose of disciplining children and youth in group ways of ...
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Which prescriptive definition of curriculum is described by Hollis?

1935Hollis CaswellThe curriculum is composed of all the experiences children have under the guidance of teachers. Thus, curriculum is considered as a field of study representing no strictly limited body of content, but rather a process or procedure.
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What is the significant contribution of Hollis Caswell?

Throughout his career, Caswell emphasized the importance of practically developed curriculum, ones developed cooperatively by teachers and administrators, ones focused on and integrating knowledge with the needs of the individual and society--the curriculum intended to heighten the educative experiences of students.
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What is curriculum according to different authors?

Krug (1957): Curriculum consists of all the means of instruction used by the school to provide opportunities for student learning experiences leading to desired learning outcomes. Musgrave (1968): the contrived activity and experience- organized, focused, systematic- that life, unaided, would not provide.
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Hollis Caswell, Curriculum Scholar

What is curriculum according to John Dewey?

Perspectives of Education John Dewey (1902) provides a descriptive definition of curriculum as “Curriculum is a continuous reconstruction, moving from the child's present experience out into that represented by the organized bodies of truth that we call studies…the various studies…are themselves experience – they are ...
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What is the best definition of curriculum?

Curriculum is the expectations for what will be taught and what students will do in a program of study. It includes teacher-made materials, textbooks, and national and state standards. Curriculum is the gathered information that has been considered relevant to a specific topic.
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Who is father of curriculum?

Franklin Bobbitt is the founder of modern curriculum theory. There is a generally supported saying that Bobbitt's theory went through two stages, the first focused on social efficiency with a mechanical and behavioral approach, and the second a more progressive approach, caring for the living experience of pupils.
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What are the different theories of curriculum?

It emphasizes addressing the problems in the society. The three curriculum theories identified by Ellis (2004) are “knowledge-centered/academic”, “learner-centered”, and “society-centered” curriculum theories.
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What are the curriculum theories?

Curriculum theory (CT) is an academic discipline devoted to examining and shaping educational curricula. There are many interpretations of CT, being as narrow as the dynamics of the learning process of one child in a classroom to the lifelong learning path an individual takes.
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What is the difference between prescriptive curriculum and descriptive curriculum?

Prescriptive definitions provide us with what “ought” to happen, and they more often than not take the form of a plan, an intended programme, or some kind of expert opinion about what needs to take place in the course of study, while the descriptive definitions go beyond the prescriptive terms as they force thought ...
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What is curriculum according to Spencer?

Spencer's curriculum begins with a study of physiology, since it satisfies the criterion of self-preservation by preventing the loss of health. Physiology is presumably also knowledge of intrinsic value since it will always be of value to mankind.
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What is an example of a curriculum?

What is a curriculum example? For example, a school may use an accredited curriculum for language arts featuring numerous tools for delivering academic content: workbooks, presentation slides, activity suggestions, etc.
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What is curriculum according to Smith Stanley and Shores?

- Smith, Stanley and Shores defined curriculum as a “ sequence. of potential experiences set up in schools for the purpose of. disciplining children and youth in group ways of thinking and. acting.”
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What is curriculum according to Rousseau?

Rousseau however, said that books do not give knowledge; they only train one to talk. So he emphasized that curriculum for adolescence should be based on active work than on books. The youth should, however, be taught history mythological stories, religious stories with stress on moral and religious education.
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What is curriculum according to Saylor?

According to them: curriculum “A plan for providing sets of learning opportunities to achieve broad educational goals and related specific objectives for an identifiable population served by a single school centre”. 7.
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What are the 5 theories of curriculum?

There are five primary educational learning theories: behaviorism, cognitive, constructivism, humanism, and connectivism. Additional learning theories include transformative, social, and experiential.
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What are the 4 curriculum models?

Curriculum Development Models Model of curriculum development is the process to make decisions and to revise the program curriculum. There are at least 4 curriculum development models that have been recognized and often used; the Tyler model, Taba model, Oliva model, and Beaucham model.
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What is the most effective curriculum model?

Tyler's Model

It is also known as the objective Model and is among the most widely used curriculum development models. It is based on the notion that the objective of education is to develop learning that is meaningful and useful to learners. Tyler's Model lays importance on the planning phase.
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What is the modern curriculum theory?

"Curriculum theory" is a term for how an educational institution decides what is at worth to learn and teach, and how learning will be measured. Pedagogy is closely related to curriculum theory, but where pedagogy describes how people teach and learn, curriculum describes how people decide what to teach and learn.
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What is Tyler's model of curriculum development?

The Tyler curriculum model is a curriculum design approach focusing on four core principles: Determining objectives, identifying experiences, organizing experiences, and evaluating effectiveness. To begin the process, school officials need to determine the specific learning objectives that they want students to meet.
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Who owns the curriculum?

In legal terms, such a work—which could include a course outline, handouts, tests and other materials—is a “work made for hire.” Unless the school and the teacher agree on a different rule, the school owns such curriculum material and can continue to use it even if the teacher no longer works there.
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How do teachers define curriculum?

Curriculum is the content of what teachers teach what students study, and the instructional plan for how and when the content is taught.
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What is the origin of curriculum?

Curriculum is from New Latin (a post-medieval form of Latin used mainly in churches and schools and for scientific coinages), in which language it means “a course of study.” It shares its ultimate root in classical Latin, where it meant “running” or “course” (as in “race course”), with words such as corridor, courier, ...
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What is curriculum according to Hilda Taba?

According to Hilda Taba, "a curriculum is a plan for learning, therefore what is known about the learning process and the development of individual has bearing on the shaping of the curriculum" [3].
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