Every year new cases of AIDS and HIV positive patients are reported and rising to the rate of alarming proportions. In fact, it has been officially declared that AIDS is now a pandemic as around 30 million people worldwide have contracted HIV/AIDS.
With alarm bells ringing, humanitarian foundations, governments, big companies and philanthropists have either collectively collaborated or individually granted funds to universities and different research institutes to come up with an answer to the riddle of the century that is HIV-AIDS. Naturally, these research institutes would recruit highly specialized medical scientists to research a cure for AIDS. To qualify as an AIDS researcher, one has to be an immunologist, a pathologist, a microbiologist, an epidemiologist or a mix of any of the above. The best bet to solve the riddle, of course, would be an immunologist since AIDS is an immune system disease and the immune system is their field of specialization.
Basically, an AIDS researcher would need both HIV positive and AIDS patients to draw blood samples and tissue samples from. These samples would be then subjected to just about any known test imaginable, they would be put through cyclotrons, electron microscopes and just about any lab-testing apparatus. More or less, the Researcher should have knowledge in using modern laboratory equipments as they would be spending most of their time inside laboratories. The AIDS Researcher would also be busy extracting active ingredients from plants and animals that they would suspect that would neutralize the virulence of HIV. Like for example, ginseng, which has been used by Koreans way back for potency and vigor, can be extracted down to its active ingredient. Once the active ingredient has been isolated, the Researcher would then expose the HIV virus to this ginseng concoction and see if the virus would be killed. Apart from plant and animal extract preparations, AIDS Researchers should also be on the lookout for very healthy individuals who have very healthy immune systems.
Apart from these menial tasks (blood test, tissue sampling and all laboratory stuff), the real work of course is still hypothesis testing. As any science research all findings needs to be put into a scientific paper. All the findings, the procedures taken, the tests involved and most importantly, the conclusions reached must all be there. Good or bad the findings may be, it is important to publish whatever findings there may be as other researchers would be interested in the methodology and arguments presented.