In the area of plant breeding, Agronomists are aiming to produce the most suitable crop for any given condition. Normally, plants as it has been observed, generally, grow at specific places because certain conditions are suitable for the propagation of specific plants. Like, for instance coconut and other palm trees are tropical plants and grow abundantly on hot places because they can retain moisture longer than any plant in the planet. However, due to advances in hybrid plants, nowadays, it is not surprising to find tomato growing in a different climate which is usually grown in cold places. Before, and even now, plants do observe seasonality but Agronomist have found ways to grow seasonal plants even when they should be out of season. Another breakthrough in plant breeding is enhancement of a plant’s useful part. Thanks to the method of selective breeding, plant breeders have been able to produce bigger tomato fruits, longer rice grains, bananas with less seeds and for sure almost any commercial plant has a desirable characteristic that had been more or less a product of plant breeding.
Another area in the domain of Agronomists is pest control. Pests usually come in the form of insects and weeds. Some insects eat the plants and some insects are vectors of microorganisms that are harmful to the plants. Agronomists specializing in insect control would have to have further studies in entomology and chemistry. One of the most common methods of controlling insects is by application of pesticides. Agronomists make it their business to know what kinds of chemicals are not friendly to the insects but friendly to plants and humans. With regards to weeds, weeds are also considered pests and needs to be controlled because they compete with the plants nutrition and water intake. Bottom line, a plant’s health and capability to produce quality fruits or whatever essential plant part is needed would depend on the growth of weeds around it. Because of advances in pesticide technology, productivity in plant-based farming has increased immensely as losses brought about by insects and weeds have been neutralized.
Agronomists are also the guys to contact in case soils are needed to be analyzed. Different soils have different characteristics like ph-level and moisture retention capabilities. If plants are grown on a wrong soil, chances are, they won’t have a chance of even exfoliating a single leaf. Plants are not the only ones needing special treatments as properties of soils like nutrient content changes over time. Agronomist would recommend steps to take in order to bring levels of potassium, sodium and other essential nutrients into equilibrium in order to produce quality crops.
With land increasingly becoming scarce, the services of Agronomists can undoubtedly become one of the most sought after professions in the future. Solving the problem of feeding the world remains a quintessential task but Agronomists would definitely be in the forefront in solving the problem of producing food for everyone.