Study Botany, Botany Schools
Here you can find schools to study Botany. Choose where you would like to study Botany:AlgeriaAmerican SamoaArgentinaBangladeshBermudaBosnia and HerzegovinaBrazilBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaColombiaCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCzech RepublicDenmarkEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorFijiFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandKenyaKyrgyzstanLaoLebanonLesothoMacedoniaMadagascarMauritiusMozambiqueNamibiaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigeriaOmanPalestinePolandPortugalSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandTanzaniaThe United KingdomThe United StatesTrinidad and TobagoTurkeyUgandaUnited Arab EmiratesUruguayVietnamZambiaZimbabwe
One of the first sciences to be developed is the study of plants which is more commonly called Botany in modern times. In fact, around 300 BC, a Greek botanist named Theophrastus wrote two large treatises about plants. Not only that, but the Romans, the Chinese and Indians also had some form of documented studies of plants during ancient times. These accounts from ancient past were more or less a listing of plants that were used as medicines, plants that are edible and plants that are poisonous.
Presently, the scope of Botany is a very broad one; it studies all species of algae, fungi, lichens, mosses, ferns, herbs, shrubs, trees and just about anything that are not classified as belonging to the animal kingdom. The study of plants usually looks at the structure, metabolism, growth, reproduction, development, diseases, chemical properties and their relationships with other living organisms.
It cannot be stressed enough how important it is to study plants.
First of all, humans get sustenance from plants. In fact, most staple foods eaten by humans are all plants. Truly, by studying plants as a source of food, botanists can identify which plants pack the most nutrients, which plants can be easily grown and which plants or its parts are not to be consumed. Aside from food, humans also use plants for its medicinal value. How many people get relief from aspirin?
Probably millions. Thanks to this field of study, humans were able to extract salicylic acid from willow trees which is the pain killing ingredient of aspirin. Usually, most active ingredients of medicines are extracted from plants. Another notable contribution of Botany to mankind, but has only been felt in the last few years, is the recognition of the role of plants in the overall equilibrium of the planet’s ecology. When trees were indiscriminately being cut down by illegal loggers, the results were unheard of catastrophes. Those people living near the foot of the mountains were just shocked by flash floods, landslides and mudslides. It was found out later on that the trees’ root systems were the one actually holding the soil and water content in the soil together and so when they were cut down by profiteering loggers, naturally, the soil had no choice but to be eroded downward where incidentally people are living. Apart from extreme erosion, the problem of air pollution has become one of Earth’s cancers and it seems the field of Botany is the only one offering solution.
Botany, being a broad branch of science has many sub-disciplines under them. Those who are fascinated with plants can specialize in agronomy, the application of plant science to crop production, bryology, the study of mosses, liverworts and hornworts, ethnobotany, which studies the relationship of humans and plants, forestry, the study of forest management, lichenology, the study of lichens, paleonbotany, the study of fossil plants, horticulture, the study of cultivated plants, palynology, the study of pollen and spores, phytochemistry, the study of chemical processes in plants, phytopathology, the study of plant diseases, plant ecology, study of role of plants in the environment, plant genetics, study of plant genes, plant morphology, study of structure and life cycles of plants, plant physiology, life functions of plants, plant systematic, classification and naming of plants.
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