Study Archeology, Archeology Schools
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Perhaps, one of the major fields of studies that have explained a lot of historical mysteries is the field officially known as Archeology. The enigma of Egypt, the grandeur of Greece and the splendor of Rome were all revealed by archeology. Primarily, Archeology studies human cultures through unearthed historical remains of ancient structures, relics and artifacts, scrolls and biofacts among other things. From these unearthed items, more or less, a glimpse of how human beings lived during ancient times can be deduced. Although, it doesn’t promise solutions to modern woes like how to cure diseases like AIDS and cancer or how to achieve world peace but it has helped mankind restore the past and has brought cultural pride to the different indigenous cultures around the world.
A study of Archeology usually begins with surveying. Through the process of surveying, identifying sites to excavate became more systematic and cost effective. To identify potential sites, surveying techniques like a simple survey where manual combing of an area done with the use of augers, corers and shovels are employed, an aerial survey, a technique that has revealed buried structures accurately uses infrared and ground penetrating radar wavelengths and thermography, and geophysical survey where deviation in the Earth’s magnetic field caused by the artifacts themselves are widely used. Once the site has been identified, the next process is the excavation proper. This is the most expensive phase in any archeological activity because this is where the heavy equipments come in to remove tons of top soil. When unearthing relics and artifacts, it is necessary to record the actual coordinates of where an item was found (provenance or provenience in archeologist’s parlance). By doing this method, deducing what pieces goes together would be easier later on when stitching together the whole story. When the digging finally goes to a halt and the site has been exhausted of artifacts, the archeological team then starts a series of post-excavation analysis. This phase is the most time consuming. In fact, most publication of post-excavation analysis took years before the final report was published. The archeological team owe it to themselves to think very thoroughly because once published they can never retract it. A wrong conclusion and approach would surely ruin their reputation.
Archeology not only recreate and understand the past but in certain countries like Egypt, Greece and Italy, it has helped their economy quite grandly as their tourism industry is the envy of the world with regards to the amount of tourists visiting their countries. A robust tourism industry is just of one of the potential after-effects of discovering an archeological site. For the natives, it gives them a cultural identity and pride that their forefathers belonged to an advanced culture.
The field of Archeology is unarguably one of the most complex fields in human studies as there are just so many skills to be acquired. Deciphering scrolls of forgotten languages, preserving artifacts which require special techniques and carbon-dating to know exact age of relics are just among the few skills needed to get by in this field.