Studies & Degrees in Hospitality, Leisure, Tourism and Travel

Choose the degree program you would like to study:

Adventure Tourism Agrotourism Culinary Management Cultural Tourism Ecotourism European Culinary Management Food Hygiene Hospitality and Tourism Hotel and Tourist Safety Hotel Housekeeper Hotel Management Hotel Receptionist Human Resources in Hospitality Innovative Hospitality Management International Hospitality Management International Hotel and Events Management International Tourism and Events Management International Tourism Management Leadership in Hospitality Leisure & Tourism Management Leisure Studies Maître Management of Tourist Accommodation Marketing in Hotels and Restaurants Master in Hospitality Management Restaurant and Hotel Business. Restaurants Management Rural Tourism Management Tourism Tourism Business Management Tourism Commerce Tourism Management Tourism Marketing Tourist Guide Travel Agency Travel and Event Planning

Study Adventure Tourism

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AustraliaIrelandThe United KingdomThe United States

One of the fastest growing industries to date is what media has dubbed as Adventure Tourism. Because of the undeniable money this industry has brought in and the potential it could do to a country’s economy, universities and colleges all over the world have made this niche industry into a whole new area of study. Not only does it bring in wealth to a country or business enterprises, it also foster appreciation towards the preservation of the environment. On a broad spectrum, the course is designed on environmental preservation and the safety considerations of visiting tourists. Both environmental preservation and safety of those who will go visit the adventure tourism sites are vital cogs for the sustainability of these adventure sites as neglect on either one aspect will definitely lead to bad publicity. In the field of tourism, one bad publicity is enough to collapse an adventure tourism business as either from tourists will dwindle down eventually or the government who has jurisdiction will close it down.

Usually, the most popular adventure tourism spots have panoramic views about them and developers of these sites just incorporate activities that could be adventurous like a long zip line, bungee jumping stations or zoos where people could go near wild animals, to name a few. The usual formula here is to have visitors get their dose of adrenalin rush while enjoying the spectacular splendor of nature. Like in the case of Niagara Falls, before people would just go there to have a wonderful view of perhaps the grandest waterfalls in all of the planet but now people go there also to go bungee jumping. However, it is not as easy as just putting a rope on one’s foot and then plunging into the abyss but structures are needed to be put up first that would have to pass safety standards so that no mishaps would occur and then maintained, and that the structures to be built should not damage or change the landscape in any way over imposing the panorama.

Aside from the environmental and safety aspects that comprise an adventure tourism course, students of this course should also have above average physical conditioning and an extra amount of courage as it is a prerequisite of the program that students to have a certain number of hours on adventure activities like wild river rafting, survival camps, mountaineering, scuba diving and the likes. Since this is also going to be a business venture, business management and risk management are sure to be included in the program along with environmental management, client service and care, leadership development, weather forecasting and other subjects pertaining to survival and emergency skills development like map/compass reading and disaster preparation.

Graduates of this course can look forward to a number of options as career path as this is a course where anything goes. Those with enough financing can always become managers of their own resorts or hotels that cater to adventure tourists or they could be instructors and guides of ocean kayakers, mountain hikers, wild river rafters or they could become outdoor camp coordinators. Some graduates have become individual trainers, event and tour planners, winter sports instructors and heritage interpreters. So there are actually a lot of options depending on one’s adventure inclination.

Stand alone this course could be a good diploma course for the adventurous at heart as it seems the trend now shows that this is where the money is flowing in the tourism industry. This course could also be a good complement to conservationist people like zoologist, marine biologists, environmental and safety engineers.

Study Agrotourism

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SpainThe United States

Agrotourism is very similar to ecotourism, except that the concentration is on rural, rather than natural landscape. Rural culture is the main attraction in agrotourism, which often involves taking part in the daily activities of farmers, fishermen, and so on.

If you would like to become involved in agrotourism (or agritourism), you would be responsible either for finding appropriate destinations for tourists to experience this form of leisure travel, plan their flight, or bus route, or guide a group of tourists on a trip of exploring rural culture. Or, you can be the destination itself. As agrotourism is aiming to enhance the development and preservation of rural areas, there are a lot of government and EU programs supporting individuals and families to get involved in agrotourism. In this case, you would be responsible to meet and accommodate guests, organize activities that are common to rural living, as well as entertain and educate guests on the culture and habits of the area they are visiting.

Personal Qualities

To be involved in agrotourism, you should definitely have a genuine interest in the exploration, development, and preservation of rural areas. If you are interested in developing a business of your own, you have to really enjoy rural life and all the activities involved with it. Here are other personal qualities that would definitely be useful:

  • Open and welcoming nature, taking joy in talking and communicating with people
  • Excellent organizational and time-planning skills
  • Ability to work under pressure and think quick if conflict arises
  • Creativity
  • Dynamic, well-fit individual

Study Options

Study options vary by choice of profession. If you aim to work for a travel agency, simply helping people organize and plan their rural trip, you would not be required to undertake much official training. It is very likely that you could undertake some on-the-job training, which combined with excellent communication skills and good literacy would be more than enough to practice the profession.

On the other hand, if you are considering to organize your own tourism business, a degree in tourism management or similar, would surely help. Such a degree will equip you with the knowledge and skills of how to plan, organize, and manage all aspects of the business; with the rising popularity of agrotourism, some universities may even offer a subject, a course, or even some experience, related to this field.

Career Options

The career options have already been discussed in the study perspectives, but to elaborate, we can mention that some travel agencies can have whole departments dedicated to agrotourism. There even are agencies, specializing in this particular area. You can either start a career by finding employment in such an agency, or, if you feel qualified enough, you can open an agency of your own. This will involve forming relationship with various agrotourism destinations, liaising with owners and customers, and making sure you meet both sides’ expectations.

Or, you can develop your own agrotourism destination, planning activities, day and night entertainment for guests, planning traditional meals, and ensuring comfortable accommodation. For this option, you can definitely research government and EU programs offering sponsorship and loans.

Study Culinary Management

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SpainThe United States

Study Cultural Tourism

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ArgentinaAustriaCanadaItalyRussiaSpainThe United KingdomThe United StatesTrinidad and Tobago

Cultural Tourism is basically travelling to places with the aim of experiencing the place’s culture, arts, and heritage. It includes paying close attention to every form of art present in the place, such as paintings, sculpture, architecture of houses and buildings, dance, music, poetry, drama, etc. It also includes experiencing the cultural activities of people in the place, such as feasts and rituals. Observing the place’s physical heritage, such as its rich natural resources and seeing its people’s lifestyle are also parts of Cultural Tourism.

There are millions of tourists visiting popular and unsung tourist spots in the world every year. Not only does this provide income to airlines, it also creates livelihood to the people in the places being visited, by staying in hotels and cottages, by hiring tourist guides, and by buying products in the locality among others. These tourists visit one place after the other to attend musical concerts; watch certain groups perform art programs; visit precious art museums to have a glimpse of the place’s indigenous crafts and mirror of history; and attend cultural affairs, such as feasts and rituals. Tourists can be either domestic (from the same country, different locality) or international (from different country).

The interest of mankind to experience the distinct and authentic sense of a certain place is what makes Cultural Tourism a business – a good business. According to UNESCO, the industry grows by 15% every year. There are reasons why people engage in Cultural Tourism – some are doing it as part of requirements in the class; some do it as part of the job; but most do it to personally experience the diversity of the world. Experiencing a culture far away from what a person got exposed to makes the person wonder how this world handles the complex differences of its people; and seeing the physical beauty of one place gives a person a hiatus from the problems of his real, day-to-day world.

Cultural Tourism is offered as a degree program in many universities around the world. It aims to produce graduates who will soon assume the responsibility of enriching Cultural Tourism itself by (1) promoting tourism in professional manners while keeping high level of customer satisfaction; (2) being an agent of improvement in the general tourism industry; (3) educating tourists of the culture, heritage, and richness of a place; and (4) effectively promoting people’s appreciation of other people’s culture and heritage. To be able to deliver these objectives of Cultural Tourism, professionals in this field are expected to possess high level of social and interpersonal skills to connect with people from literally different walks of life. They must also possess strong understanding of different cultures to effectively and constructively compare one culture with another. High level of planning skill is also paramount important. Cultural Tourism professionals who are employed by tourism organizations (commercial or government) are expected to make travel plans or itinerary for the customers to ensure worthwhile stay in place.

Cultural Tourism can be a means as to how this world can find unity in diversity. They say that for one person to better understand another, he must know where the other person is coming from – what influences him to be who he is and what makes him do what he does. Every visit in a place leaves visitors not just an added knowledge of the place itself (that can also be seen in books, television, and the Internet), but a deeper understanding of its people.

Study Ecotourism

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AustraliaChileGuatemalaIrelandNicaraguaSpainThe United KingdomThe United StatesVenezuela

Travellers usually find pleasure and satisfaction in visiting untamed areas, which are blessed with rich culture and natural abundance. They travel to lengthen the list of places they have visited, to add up something new to their experiences, to accomplish a research assignment, to unwind, or to be part of something – a pure fun and adventure or a sincere move for the betterment of the place being visited. Certainly, there is nothing wrong with that. People have the right to the pursuit of their own happiness; but since this world does not exist for the benefit of few, there has to be some control mechanism. This is what Ecotourism is for.

Ecotourism is a complex field of study that faces certain disputes and ambiguity. There is no one right way of defining what Ecotourism is, but the scope is seen to be inclined in travelling responsibly in natural areas – i.e., the travel should positively impact the well-being of people in the area while conserving the environment at the same time. With this notion, it is expected to promote minimization of negative impact of tourism in natural areas; to contribute to conservation effort in the area; to make tourism a means of employing people in the locality; and to educate tourists about the culture in the place. With all these, can we say that a walk in rainforest is considered ecotourism? Yes, IF and only IF that walk actually does something to improve (or at least conserve) that rainforest and to benefit the people of the locality. In the same way that a rafting trip can only be considered Ecotourism if it actually promotes people’s awareness of conserving the watershed and if it becomes a means to raise funds for the protection or improvement of the watershed. All in all, it is about providing positive effect to both the tourist and the host.

Ecotourism specialists are employed by government (Tourism, Natural Preservation, Environment, and Natural Resources sectors) to be the agents ensuring ecotourism is fulfilled, especially in remote and untouched areas. They are also engaged in continuous research in view of finding new ways to balance tourism and concern for social, environmental, cultural, and economic aspects. Aspirants should have genuine concern for the environment, a strong understanding of a vast array of cultures, and a sense of economic improvement. These areas are covered in Ecotourism courses that are offered in major universities and colleges. Students are also exposed to different cultural settings and are taught of deeper notion of humanity and social development.

Hotels near tourism spots, for instance, should make necessary efforts to limit wastes and conserve the environment. This can be done by using alternative energy sources (e.g., solar energy), hiring local employees, buying goods produced in the locality, having low-flow showerheads and toilets, promoting recyclable plastic bags, buying recycled products, and building waste treatment facility (e.g., compost heap). Ecotourism specialists are tasked to watch over these considerations before permit to operate is awarded to the requesting entrepreneurs. With the continuous campaign for protecting our environment, companies nowadays are anxious of being tagged as “environment-friendly” to get into business.

Ecotourism is a means as to how this world can be a better place not just for some but for as many people as it can possibly serve – not just today but in the years to come.

Study European Culinary Management

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The United States

Study Food Hygiene

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IranSpainThe United States

Remember a while back regarding a recall on some peanut butter products being recalled because it was found out that salmonella bacteria were present in them? That’s just to show that food even though packed in sanitized containers and contains a seal of approval from the food bureau that they were safe, the threat of food contamination is always a clear and present danger. That’s why there is usually a branch of government in any country that will see to it that all foods, processed or not meet safety standards to ensure the quality of foods for sale is fit for human consumption.

To those who are in the food business, there is a certificate course which all food handlers and even the owners of the food businesses should take so that everyone is aware of the risks involved in dealing on such a venture. Enrolling in a Food Hygiene course is actually required by law for everyone who is handling foods for the intention of serving foods to the public at least in the US and some countries in Europe.

There are three kinds of Food Hygiene courses as the food industry is basically classified into three different categories. The three categories are For Catering, for Retail and for Manufacturing.

The first category, For Catering, would mainly deal with businesses that directly serve foods to the consumer like restaurants, food carts and special events caterers such as weddings and home parties. This course specifically for the catering business will also cover those serving foods such as the hospital, home for the aged and schools. So, if one is engaged in any of the above business, then they should take this category upon signing up for a Food Hygiene course. Those who would fall in this category would more or less be given lessons on how to prepare food to meet the safety standards of the government. Like for example preparing burgers, the meat should have came from a source that has been approved by the city vet and that it should be cooked in a minimum temperature so as to make sure that the harmful effects of bacteria and other microbes are negated.

The next category which is For Retail will be dealing with packaged foods which are usually at the groceries and supermarkets or foods that are intended to be eaten at a later time. Retail would also include butcher shops and market stalls. So those involved in these types of food businesses, then they should take this appropriate category of Food Hygiene course. This category will be including lessons in marking foods or labeling and rotating of stocks among other subject areas.

The third category, for Manufacturing, would typically include companies that are involved in mass production, processing, packaging and storage of foods. The main difference of this category is that it will also focus on control measures in dispatching food products and as well as traceability so that when there are questionable items, they could easily recall those products that are being sold in the market already.

Although all three are engaged in food handling, it is not justifiable to have a standardized training as each category differs with each other. However, there is not a law that says that anyone could not take the other categories as well as some businesses would be involved in the other categories as well.

Study Hospitality and Tourism

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SpainSwitzerlandThe United States

Study Hotel and Tourist Safety

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SpainThe United States

Study Hotel Housekeeper

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SpainThe United States

Study Hotel Management

Choose where you would like to study Hotel Management:

ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBangladeshBelgiumBermudaBrazilBulgariaCambodiaCanadaCape VerdeChileColombiaCyprusEcuadorEgyptFijiFranceGeorgiaGhanaGreeceHong KongIndiaIrelandItalyJamaicaJapanJordanLaoLebanonMaltaMexicoMozambiqueNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigeriaPanamaPapua New GuineaPortugalRussiaSamoaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandThailandThe United KingdomThe United StatesTurkeyVirgin Islands, U.S.Zimbabwe

The term Hospitality Management covers both the area of work and the area of study that it represents. As far as the work aspect is concerned, it involves the management of hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, and other institutions in the hospitality industry. The study of hospitality management is concerned with equipping the student with the skills required to undertake the above mentioned responsibilities.

As you can observe, the hospitality industry is extremely wide and diverse, for which reason managers in this field have to carry out a variety of challenging tasks. They would need to be able to fully organize the given hotel, restaurant, etc, by hiring employees, setting standards, managing the brand and image, and many others. Very often they would also have to gain an understanding of various cultures and countries as well as obtain a good view of different aspects of entertainment.

Personal Qualities

In order to be involved in hospitality management, it would help if you are a highly energetic, outgoing person who enjoys meeting and interacting with a lot of people on a daily basis. Some other qualities are:

  • Great communication and interpersonal skills
  • Creativity and enthusiasm
  • Great decision-making skills
  • Able to quickly solve problems and conflict situations
  • Able to work under pressure

Study Options

The degrees awarded by schools of tourism and hospitality management can include an Associate’s in Applied Science (AAS), a bachelor’s degree, a master’s, and even a Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD). There are many courses offered by a great variety of schools, and normally there are specific colleges or universities that are well-known for their hospitality management programs. Usually these will concentrate on the operation of the business, and include customer service, regulations, food safety, advertising, finance, and management.

You would usually be able to specialize in certain courses once you have a better view of which area of hospitality management you like most. Do not forget that this profession requires a lot of hands-on experience and a school that has achieved a balance between theory, practical subjects, and placement opportunities would be best suited for any student interested in this field.

Career Options

Schools that offer programs in hospitality management often have very good career centers that help graduates place jobs after graduation. Job options for these graduates are quite diverse, ranging from food service to working on a cruise ship. There are positions such as receptionists, waiters, park administrators, and casino personnel that require closer interaction with customers; and others, like chefs and planners that are the so-called ‘backstage’ options.

As you can see, choices are varied, and if you don’t have the initial resource to start your own business there are still very good prospects to reach management positions. On the other hand, if you have specialized in the culinary arts you can more easily establish your own business by taking out a loan, for example. The opening of a travel agency is another great choice that does not require too much financial resource.

Study Hotel Receptionist

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SpainThe United States

Study Human Resources in Hospitality

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SpainThe United States

Study Innovative Hospitality Management

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SpainThe United States

Study International Hospitality Management

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ChileGermanyIndiaIrelandItalySpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Are you looking for a career in hospitality management, one that may offer the opportunity to travel throughout the world?  If so, you may want to consider pursuing a Bachelor of Science Degree in International Hospitality Management.  Career positions in five-star hotels, conference centers, cruise ships and various leisure-related attractions around the world are in constant need of quality managers.  However, in order to qualify for one of these positions it’s extremely important that you have the right education—an education that will provide the required knowledge and skills to help you become more innovative and culturally-sensitive, as you’ll typically be working with many different cultures and ethnicities.  This is exactly the type of education you’ll receive while pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree in International Hospitality Management.  To illustrate the many benefits of this education, below we have outlined some of the specifics regarding this particular degree program, along with some of the career opportunities available to qualified graduates.
Bachelor of Science in International Hospitality Management
Typically spanning four years in duration, the Bachelor of Science degree in International Hospitality Management is an interdisciplinary program that covers all aspects of business and management training as it relates to the hospitality industry.  And because hospitality embraces such a wide range of employment sectors, each course in this degree program is fast-paced and designed to prepare students for positions in a number of potential settings, including:
  • Contract catering
  • Hotel management and hospitality services
  • Leisure settings, such as theatres and casinos
  • Retail establishments, including nightclubs and cocktail lounges
  • Restaurants
  • All inclusive resorts
  • Spas
  • And more…
Professors for this course of study are generally either current or former management executives in the hotel and hospitality arena, an advantage which gives students the benefit of real-world training from those individuals who have actually encountered the successes and challenges that come with this position firsthand.  In most institutions, the fourth and final year of the program is normally spent in paid employment with a private or public sector organization. Students follow a rigorous training program set up between the university and employer and are regularly supervised and evaluated by a member of the academic staff throughout the year.
The Bachelor of Science degree program in International Hospitality Management is open to anyone possessing a high school diploma or the equivalent, assuming they meet the basic university entrance requirements in English and mathematics. 
Career Positions for Graduates with a Bachelor of Science degree in International Hospitality Management
As mentioned above, the number of career opportunities available for those with a Bachelor of Science degree in International Hospitality Management is virtually limitless.  Throughout the year, positions for managers consistently become open in industries such as cruise lines, international tour companies, airlines, resort management organizations, hotels, public sector tourism, spas, restaurants and clubs.  Many students pursuing this degree will receive job offers before they even graduate, and because there are so many positions available globally, graduates with this credential can be very selective regarding their career choice.

Study International Hotel and Events Management

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MexicoSpainThe United States

International Hotel and Events Management is a discipline that is aimed to equip students with the practical and management skills required for positions in the hotel, events, and hospitality-related industries. The event management business is one that has been constantly growing in the last 10 to 15 years, and relates to the idea of outsourcing occasions that are either business, social, or the combination of both. This greatly interrelates with hospitality management, as most often such events are held in hotels, restaurants, or similar facilities – for this reason, the hotel and events manager has to master a wide variety of skills, ranging from human resource management, through planning and organization, to financial matters. The international aspect of such a program is more than necessary due to the fact that nowadays the tourism and hotel industry has become mostly multicultural in nature – no matter of the location of the facility, clients typically come from various regions of the world with the passion to explore new places and experiences. The hotel and events manager is responsible to ensure customers’ expectations are met and exceeded in terms of entertainment ideas, organization, and accommodation.

Personal Qualities

International Hotel and Event management would definitely suit a creative, outgoing and communicative nature. Here are some other skills that are crucial.

  • Excellent organizational and planning ability
  • Excellent interpersonal qualities
  • Negotiation and bargaining skills
  • Very good problem-solving abilities
  • Excellent decision-making skills

Study Options

Study opportunities in this field are extremely wide. There are specialized colleges that offer the International Hotel and Events Management degree at an associate’s, bachelor’s, diploma, and postgraduate level. There is also the opportunity for you to gain a double degree as well as study part time. When choosing an institution, keep in mind that the course is supposed to equip you with professional leadership and business management skills that have to be combined with specialist knowledge in the events management industry. Besides, you should research very well where you would be spending your work placement – with this type of degree, the internship in most respected colleges and universities is an integral part of their program. Employers within the industry not only value, but they require practical experience and background.

Finally, you can easily embark on the journey of hotel and event management even if you have studied another business-related degree. There are postgraduate courses, designed specifically to students, who have already completed another degree, but wish to specialize in this field.

Career Options

Career opportunities can be very exciting and diverse. The degree in hotel and events management would be suitable not only if you are aiming for managerial positions within hotels and other similar facilities, but you would be working for agencies that organize events like trade shows, music festivals, rock concerts, conventions, fund-raisers, awards ceremonies and other sports and social events. In order to secure a position that will give you the opportunity to unleash your creativity potential, it is crucial that you take your education and early job training very seriously. Try to dig deep into every aspect of the business, searching close contact with managers and creative personalities that have already proved to be successful in the area of hotel and events management.

Study International Tourism and Events Management

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IndiaSpainThe United States

Study International Tourism Management

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AustraliaGermanyIndiaItalyNetherlandsSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Leadership in Hospitality

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SpainThe United States

Study Leisure & Tourism Management

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AustraliaAustriaIndiaIrelandNetherlandsSpainSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United States

Leisure and Tourism Management is involved with the management of various tourist attractions, such as hotels, historical sites, amusement parks, etc. By undertaking this degree, you would also be prepared to plan and market these tourist facilities, build strategies to attract tourists and raise awareness of the specific area or attraction.

Depending on the field in which the leisure and tourism manager works, he or she can be responsible for organizing hotel stays, or planning the whole holiday experience of guests (from booking airline tickets, to accommodation, to visiting historical places and attractions, etc.). You could also be concentrating on the food sector alone and manage a restaurant, organizing the food process and the whole customer experience. Another example is the organization of cruise trips, deciding on destinations and customer entertainment during the trip.

Personal Qualities

Very good communication and interpersonal skills, while taking joy in working with people are qualities that will benefit you in a Leisure and Tourism Management degree. Together with the following abilities, you would thoroughly enjoy and succeed in such a career:

  • Excellent customer service skills
  • Great organizational and time-management qualities
  • IT skills
  • Creativity
  • Some geographical knowledge.

Study Options

A wide range of courses in this area are available, and they principally encompass strategies of how to manage other people, ways to market and improve the business in terms of efficiency and attractiveness, as well as theory of leisure and tourism management.

Both two-year colleges and four-year universities offer such courses. Aside from the general degrees, there are also programs that concentrate in a specific area, like restaurants, hotels, entertainment parks, etc. However, when there is a highly specialized field that is of particular interest to you, it might be a good option to just follow a workshop, together with the general course of study, rather than study this area alone. There are institutions that offer introductory courses in tourism management, while many students also decide to take their education to a higher level, especially if they are aiming at higher management positions.

Career Options

Career options range from being a travel agent, who manages and oversees the travel and accommodation plans for personal vacations, to entertainment park managers, whose responsibility spreads to a greater array of aspects. Director or senior management positions can be achieved in cruise lines, for instance, and in this case you would be closely interacting with passengers, giving presentations, arranging onshore tours and other special activities to ensure full customer satisfaction.

Positions such as project management and catering sales are available within hotels. Project management can include the organization and technical aspects of an event, while catering sales is involved with meeting the business objectives of that specific department. A degree in Leisure and Tourism could also be very helpful in a career of event planning, and can also lead to a job in public institutions, managing various historical places.

Study Leisure Studies

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AustraliaBrazilThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Maître

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SpainThe United States

Study Management of Tourist Accommodation

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SpainThe United States

Study Marketing in Hotels and Restaurants

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SpainThe United States

Study Master in Hospitality Management

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SpainThe United States

Study Restaurant and Hotel Business.

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SpainThe United States

Study Restaurants Management

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SpainThe United States

Study Rural Tourism Management

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AustriaChileEcuadorGreeceIndiaSpainThe United States

Tourism has been imperative to economic growth and development hence the rise of tourism-dependent nations such as Egypt, Fiji, Maldives, and Seychelles. More often than not, eco-tourism happens to be the forerunner of tourist visits. Unfortunately, ecological degradation triggered by global warming has been haunting tourism communities as convened in the UN Conference on Climate Change and Tourism. Nonetheless, annual travel demand growth is expected at four to five percent rate thereby doubling the quantity of international arrivals by 2020. Undoubtedly, tourism has been another economic propeller especially to developing countries featuring natural, historical, and cultural endowments.

Consequently, one remarkable facet of national tourism is rural tourism. No wonder, First World countries such as United States and United Kingdom established rural community development programs to this end. In particular, the United States launched niche tourism mostly in rural areas introducing an array of attractions such as wine tours, eco-tourism, agrotourism, and seasonal events. In particular, all these are inimical to rural community development aimed at improving the welfare and livelihood of rural communities. Attributed to its remarkable economic contribution to developed nations, rural tourism is also seen as the hope of developing nations for economic stability considering its likely potential to generate tourism demands alongside local employment opportunities.

Rural Tourism is a significant aspect of ecotourism that focuses on attractions found along the countryside including forest, woodland, and the like. More often than not, rural areas have low population density due to the exodus of village folks in search for greener pastures in urban lands. In turn, rural tourism is another avenue that is likely to generate alternative non-agricultural jobs within the community. In the same way, it is aimed at reviving craftsmanship and folk culture exhibits that comprise another appealing faculty of local tourism. As a result, the entire village is likewise revived thereby marking its name in the society while giving pride to the locals.

Attributed to the wide-ranging influence on Rural Tourism, the academe provides curricula of specialization. More often than not, this particular study is accessible as an integral part of Tourism and Hospitality Management curricula. Pertinent undergraduate courses include Rural Tourism, Rural Tourism and Stewardship, and Countryside Recreation and Tourism. There are institutions though which offer bachelor’s degree on Rural Tourism Management such as the Perrotis College in Greece. Further studies in the graduate school may likewise be undertaken such as Master of Science in International Rural Development, Master of Philosophy on Rural Tourism Studies, and Doctor of Philosophy on Rural Tourism Studies.

Many different employment privileges await Rural Tourism graduates. Numerous entities make an attractive niche for career opportunities such as the Rural Tourism Centres established worldwide. National governments are looking for specialists to run its array of local agencies under the Department of Tourism. Non-governmental institutions are also establishing tourism developmental programs to generate livelihood in communities. Hospitality companies are considering expansion on potential sites found within the locality hence teams of specialists are likely organized for further research and studies. Administrative and supervisory posts are likewise accessible in hospitality units commonly based in the countryside.

If you are interested to pursue a career in archival science, you must be tech-savvy to cope up with the application of encoded archival description and the demand to make the documents available online. Basic XML skills are now commonly acquired by those studying this course to improve technical proficiency. You must also work well with people and have the patience to deal with a lot of inquisitive researchers. You should be very logical and a highly organized individual to ensure you perform the sorting and listing of huge amount of files. It is expected that you are willing to learn the basic knowledge of storing and maintaining the cultural artifacts and documents. You must enjoy researching and be very knowledgeable about the collection as you are often regarded as the resource person of researchers.

If you think you would be fulfilled being an archivist, then you can check out the college and university programs, or the online courses that you would find more appropriate for you. Online courses are convenient, cost-effective, and can allow you to continue working while studying.

Study Tourism

Choose where you would like to study Tourism:

AndorraArgentinaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBelarusBelgiumBrazilBulgariaCambodiaCanadaCape VerdeChileChinaColombiaCosta RicaCubaCyprusDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptFijiFinlandFranceGermanyGhanaGreeceHondurasIcelandIndonesiaIrelandItalyJamaicaJordanKenyaLaoLatviaLebanonMaltaMexicoMozambiqueNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaOmanPapua New GuineaPeruPhilippinesPortugalPuerto RicoRomaniaRussiaSamoaSloveniaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandThailandThe United KingdomThe United StatesTurkeyUgandaUruguayVenezuelaVietnamYemenZimbabwe

Tracing the history of tourism will take us back to the time of the Babylonians and the Egyptians. The earliest traces of leisure tourism came in the form of a museum in Babylon that was open to the public during the 6th century BC. The Egyptians, on the other hand, held religious festivities that attracted both the devout and curious to see famous buildings and artworks in the cities. Even in the past, tourism had been a great source of income as vendors of food and drink, guides, hawkers of souvenirs, and even touts and prostitutes became busy serving the tourists. Seaports, during the time of the Greeks, flourished because of tourism. Devout Greeks and foreigners often travel across the sea to visit temples and sites of healing of their gods/goddesses. During the Roman Empire, it was a fad for wealthy Romans to build second homes in other cities where they would spend the springtime social season. Tourism became more prominent during the Renaissance as young men who seek apprenticeship or wanted to hold positions at court travel to the Continent for their education. Clergymen also traveled from one monastery to another, bringing with them a letter from an ecclesiastical superior. This letter, which would soon evolve into passports, served as the clergymen’s protection from possible arrest on charges of vagrancy. Testimonial letters or passports became a necessity especially during periods of war.

There are so many reasons why Tourism has become a popular major that students take. For one, it is the fastest growing industries in the world. Not only is tourism a good way to promote diplomatic friendship among countries, it is also a good source of income. The steady growth of the industry has also produced an increasing demand for skilled professionals, generating millions of job opportunities. Tourism also gives an opportunity to work in other industries like commerce and travel, not to mention learning about different culture and people is fun and exciting.

Taking Tourism as a major, a student will have an overview of the industry: the types, businesses, identification a tourist needs, relationship of tourism to a country, industry practices, standards of service, and many more. A student will also learn the tourist destinations and attractions a country has to offer, not to mention the history and the culture it boasts. Students should also know each destination’s location, political system, climate, geography, distances, routes, population centers, currency, festivals and events, and other attractions. In Tourism, countries “sell” their culture, history, and attractions to tourists, to encourage them to come over and enjoy the country. Likewise, students of Tourism should learn how to “sell” the country. This needs communication, marketing, and presentation skills which the students will have to learn.

Aside from knowing a country like the back of their hands, students will also have to learn skills or specializations that will help them in guiding tourists around the country. These specializations are: event management, customer relations, travel operations, sports tourism, human resource management, sales and marketing, eco tourism, Internet marketing, and business communications.

Study Tourism Business Management

Choose where you would like to study Tourism Business Management:

CanadaChileEcuadorHondurasItalyMexicoSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Tourism Commerce

Choose where you would like to study Tourism Commerce:

ArgentinaItalySpainThe United States

Tourism Commerce is an area that covers a variety of businesses and activities, related to pleasure travel. Such travel can include weekend destinations, closer to one’s home, as well as foreign cities, natural wonders, and other attractions like recreational parks or museums. In order for this kind of travel to take place, numerous services are required – accommodation services (hotels, hostels, and other types of accommodation); travel services; guides, etc.

The main idea is that if you are involved in tourism commerce, you would be offering a product or a service that would cater for this industry. You could own a hotel, and be involved in hospitality management. On the other hand, you could also be the chef in the restaurant of this hotel, receiving many international guests. You could also work in a travel agency, helping individuals arrange their travel, accommodation, meals, as well as offer various packages that include guides and visits of different attractions. You could also be involved in organizing activities for tourists, such as hiking, and horseback riding.

Personal qualities

To be involved in tourism commerce, you definitely need to have an open-minded personality, be easy-going and enjoy working with people. It is also likely that you would need to speak at least two languages. Here is a fuller list of personal qualities:

  • Excellent communication and interpersonal skills
  • Creativity
  • Very good organizational qualities
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Excellent decision-making skills
  • Willing to work long hours
  • Willing to travel and study languages

Study Options

If you wish to get involved with tourism commerce, the study options available are numerous. It all depends on what kind of job and role you are planning to pursue. There are bachelor’s degrees in Hospitality Management, Event Management, Tourism/Hotel Management, Gastronomy, Sustainable Tourism Management, and other similar disciplines. The same courses are also available at the graduate and postgraduate level, which would be a suitable option if you wish to go onto management positions. Furthermore, a degree in History may be suitable if you are planning to go into the Cultural Tourism field, combined with some on-the-job training; some official sports training would be suitable for the sports tourism field; a degree in Philology or Literature would be useful for writing brochures, city guides, and other related material. On the other hand, there are many courses available as well as on-the-job training for those aiming for a role that does not require a degree. These courses would cover basic skills about serving clients and carrying out the tasks relevant for the specific job role (i.e. receptionists, waiter/waitress, animator, etc).

Career Options

Career Options in the field are numerous, and again, depend on which area you wish to concentrate on – whether you aim to own and manage your own hotel, manage a restaurant, or be a chef at a restaurant. You could also organize tours, be a guide, or work at a travel agency, assisting clients who wish to organize their vacation. You could manage a recreation park – deciding on what types of facilities to invest and manage, or you could work at a museum owned by the government. The field really is a wide one, and it is up to you to decide what exactly you wish to do within it.

Study Tourism Management

Choose where you would like to study Tourism Management:

ArgentinaAustriaCanadaChinaEcuadorGreeceIndiaIrelandItalyJapanMaltaMexicoRussiaSouth AfricaSpainSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United States

To put things very simply, Tourism management studies involves training individuals to manage hotels, restaurants, tourism and travel related businesses. It is a part of hospitality management studies and trained individuals are readily absorbed into the hospitality industry. As is well known to us all, hospitality and tourism industry is one of the largest growing sectors of the economy today. As many as 200 million people are somehow engaged with the tourism industry while around about 700 million tourists and travelers travel to international as well as domestic destinations annually. With such growth prospects, study of tourism management is bound to be a challenging as well as career wise comforting activity.

Course Details

Most of the colleges and universities have degree courses in Tourism Management. Students are awarded at the end of the term with a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science for graduate level courses and Master of Arts or Master of Science for post graduate level courses. Short term post graduate Diploma Courses are also available. Those having graduation degrees are considered eligible for these diploma courses. Graduates, however, need not have to be in any hospitality management studies. The duration of these courses differs depending upon the level of study. Bachelor degree courses continue up to 3 years while Master degree courses take 2 years to complete.

The Tourism Management programs aim at training students to gain managerial skills required for smooth and successful functioning of resorts, hotels, vacation tourism and adventure tourism companies and enterprises, and also conferences, conventions and special occasions. For these purposes, marketing, entrepreneurial as well as research skills need to be sharpened. Technical modules of the courses involve internships and training terms.

Students of tourism management also get chances of participating in exchange programs, workshops conducted by leading companies in the tourism and hospitality industry and gain solid experience from teachers and academicians who are experts in the field. They may opt from large variety of special modules to nurture their areas of interest.

Some colleges and universities also offer part-time courses for individuals who are already engaged with the industry but want to enhance their skills and degrees for better job prospects. Things are naturally easier for them as they have some experience in the field.
Career in Tourism Management

As the tourist traffic rates worldwide goes up, travel and tourism related jobs are also increasing day by day. These days, vacations are not limited to making annual trips to a place just for the purpose of relaxing. Adventure tourism is the new favorite among travelers who indulge in doing and learning something new while taking a break from their daily lives. A successful business in tourism has to take into account such vast changes. And for making such necessary arrangements, trained personnel in the field are indispensible. Large number of jobs for Tourism Management students awaits in tourism agencies, at the tour operators’, as tourist guides, holiday and vacationing consultants, airlines companies, and even foreign banks which have tie ups with the tourism industry.

Study Tourism Marketing

Choose where you would like to study Tourism Marketing:

IndonesiaItalyPeruSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Tourism Marketing program is for students who are ready to further their education in hospitality, tourism, and marketing in the tourism sector. Students who have extreme inclination in marketing using their creative and effective communication skills are the perfect candidates for this program. Graduates of the course will be able to develop their own skills as they learn more about the following studies:

  • The psychology of tourist behavior;
  • The crucial role of the sustainability of the fundamental facets and spirit of a culture;
  • Hospitality marketing;
  • The influence of culture in marketing management globally; and;
  • The complex theories that will be handy in understanding the dynamics of strategic choices in the industry of tourism globally.

Tourism Marketing curriculum contains subject areas that will delve into student’s development of intercultural skills, in employing Internet strategies in promoting tourism, and in identifying opportunities that will result to more in-depth comprehension of contemporary tourism marketing issues and concerns among others.

The learning experience opportunities that will be given to students of the program will give them invaluable experiences that will include visits in sites that are considered cultural heritages, executing multicultural group activities, participating in debates on sustainable marketing tourism, assessing and reviewing of case studies, and creating and exploring various brands in tourism marketing.

The course will equip students with the right knowledge as they prepare themselves to embark on marketing-related careers in all levels of tourism organizations (local, regional, national, and international) and in other local and international private sectors that do marketing in the following industries: hotels, airlines, travel agencies, and tour operators.

The program provides students with succinct and thorough coverage of marketing theories that are tourism industry-specific and requires promotional planning based on strategic methods.

Naturally, students of Tourism Marketing will mark their future with a career in marketing and tourism-related positions. With hot opportunities given to graduates of the this program, students who chose to specialized in Tourism Marketing will be able to perform duties and responsibilities that cover traditional and contemporary marketing management practices. They will become proactive in building close links with major marketing organizations that practice tourism principles.

The course curriculum contains units in the following areas:

  • Marketing principles, behavioral aspects of marketing, finance and marketing, economics and marketing;
  • Marketing management, marketing communications, marketing research and its methods;
  • Contemporary strategic marketing management, global marketing management;
  • Travel and tourism research, tourism economic impact and market studies, tourism businesses, recreational experiences, and hospitality; and
  • Market environment assessment, market identification and segmentation, and gathering of marketing information and resources, studies on demographic and lifestyle trends.

There will also be exploration and investigation of laws and government actions concerning Tourism Marketing and how such laws both positively and negatively affect the complex industry of tourism and marketing. Also, studies concerning technological advancements will be satisfied as they will utilize technological innovations in further developing and enhancing tourism marketing strategies. As a result, students will fulfill promising careers in performing marketing and management functions in association with providing tourism and hospitality services.

Study Tourist Guide

Choose where you would like to study Tourist Guide:

SpainThe United States

Study Travel Agency

Choose where you would like to study Travel Agency:

ArgentinaSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

A highly sought career for its opportunities across the globe, travel agency is a study revolving around the ability to manage international and domestic travels. A course in travel agency exposes students to the inner systems of international and domestic transportation systems while developing necessary judgment skills on products and client needs. Registration and certification requirements vary according to country and state, but all travel agents require similar basic knowledge, skills, and personal qualities to jump-start a successful travel agency career.
A fully qualified travel agent can have many different employment opportunities. They can be employed by an airline, hotel, resort, cruise line or travel agency corporation such as STA or Worldwide Travel, Inc. They can also be self-employed or work from home as an independent travel consultant. Prospects for general travel agency employment depend on security, economic and international factors, so agents are encouraged to specialize in specific travel interest areas like luxury travel or travels to particular countries.
Skills, Qualifications and Prerequisites for Studies in Travel Agency
Technically, there are many training programs for future agents that do not require any prerequisites. Many of these programs can be found online. However, online courses do not usually provide degrees – which is not typically problematic if self-employed or working for a small travel agency. However, larger travel agencies, airlines, hotels and resorts often prefer their travel agents to hold a degree in a related field, such as tourism, travel management or business.
Certain personality traits, though not required, are also beneficial to a travel agent’s success. Travel agents should have a friendly, polite and professional mannerism towards customers and the ability to give timely, informative updates. It is also essential that the agent is organized and pays close attention to details, while providing sound judgment when pairing clients to products.
Other preferred qualifications include:
  • Previous work in a related field, such as reservation clerk.
  • Computer literacy.
  • Fluency in a second language or multiple languages.
  • International or domestic travel experience.
  • Cultural, political or other knowledge of foreign countries.
Qualifications and Skills Acquired from Studies in Travel Agency
Acquired knowledge may vary in depth depending on whether you study at a college level, use an online course or receive training from an agency. Generally, though, courses will cover these key topics:
  • Computer systems for home hotels, airlines and cruise lines. Includes how to cancel or change status or record. Such systems include GALILEO, SABRE, WORLDSPAN and others.
  • How hotels, resorts and airlines are rated, and how pricing is determined.
  • Essentials for international and domestic travel, including official documentation.
  • Basics on airline bookings and PNRs (Passenger Name Record).
  • Ground transportation.
  • Marketing trends, industry trends and sales.
To pursue a course of study in travel agency, you can take an online course, which usually last from several weeks to six months. You can also study courses at vocational schools, community colleges and universities. Some travel agencies will even self-train their lower-level employees. Travel agents are encouraged to earn travel-related degrees and obtain their CTC, or other equivalent travel consultant certification documentation.

Study Travel and Event Planning

Choose where you would like to study Travel and Event Planning:

CanadaSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Tourism is a fast growing industry that includes many specializations. One of these specializations is Travel and Event Planning. Many schools, however, offer this as an occupational major rather than a specialization. Occupational majors are courses designed mainly for job preparedness. This is ideal for students who are looking for immediate employment either as meeting planners, conference planners, catering planners, travel agents, trade show coordinators, incentive travel planners, corporate planners, medical meeting planners, independent meeting planners, seminar coordinators, or sports event planners.

An event and travel planner has many responsibilities but his/her main duty is to ensure that the events they handle will run smoothly with as minimal inconveniences to the clients as possible. Attention to detail and organizational skills as well as marketing and customer relation are the important requirements in being a good planner. Some large hotels and resorts often require advance knowledge or a college degree in business, communications, marketing, or hospitality. Good event planners, however, often choose to set up an agency rather than become employees.

Whatever events—from weddings, birthdays, and anniversaries to corporate meetings, group tours, and business travels—will need to start as an elaborate and detailed plan. Should a student choose to take this major, he/she will learn to appreciate the wonders of planning an event. Although subjects may differ from one school to another, the basic need for a student to learn planning, coordinating, and managing successful events and travels stay the same. Some common subjects that a student will take include meeting planning, organizing special events, site selection and contract negotiation, weddings and social events, event marketing and promotion, food and beverage planning, audio-visual basics, event planning in locations, financial management, and destination management. Communication subjects will also be helpful to teach a student effective speaking and presentation.

Upon finishing this course, the student will be able to plan corporate and business meetings and conferences, provide a wide range of service functions in preparing for an event, managing secondary services like food and beverage requirements for an event, develop sales techniques and marketing plans, and develop business presentation techniques for group and convention presentations. The student will also be able to make an elaborate plan by gathering information of the client’s needs and preferences, select an appropriate date and location for the event or travel plan, handle the budget and funding, and to handle the event’s publicity.

Although travel and event planning is a fairly new career, the job opportunities that await planners are increasing in a fast rate. Many event planning jobs are subjected to economic fluctuations but, more often than not, successful planners move from employee to self-employed, making their own niche and securing their own market. Some of these self-employed planners build business partnership with airline companies, hotels, restaurants, catering companies, and advertising agencies to make the execution of events easier for both the planner and the clients.

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