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Career Colleges and Vocational Schools in Mexico

Centro Universitario de Medios Audiovisuales CAAV

Guadalajara, Mexico
CAAV was created to train professionals in the audiovisual media: film, television, video, multimedia, design, animation, radio, advertising, writing and art using new digital technologies by providing courses, workshops and graduates.


Puebla, Mexico
We provided the film directing career and eight specialties. All year offer options and academic programs including seminars, courses, internships, residencies, and events covering all artistic aspects of filmmaking.

Career Colleges and Vocational Schools in Mexico by City:

GuadalajaraMexico CityMonterreyPuebla

About Career Colleges and Vocational Schools in Mexico

Vocational education in Mexico is known as Vocational Education and Training (VET). The Mexican Vocational Education and Training system is there within the nation to impart necessary and employable skills to the growing population. Upon completion of a vocational program, students receive a vocational title such as the Título de Enfermera or the Título de Técnico Profesional (Title of Nurse, Title of Professional Technician), which is a federally recognized occupational license (cédula).

In Mexico, the upper secondary vocational education system contains more than twelve subsystems (administrative units within the Upper Secondary Education Under secretariat of the Ministry of Public Education that is responsible for vocational programs). These subsystems are different from one another when it comes to content administration and the course target audience.  Vocational education and training in Mexico is extremely complex by international standards; this is mainly because of the multitude of schools and administrative units present.
In Mexico compulsory education is until the age of 15, following which students must enroll in to some kind of upper secondary education. Many students prefer to enroll into VET, to arm themselves with trade or vocational skills for entering the labor market.
There are three primary programs, which provide vocational education and training in Mexico. VET under the Upper Secondary Education Under Secretariat includes the following types of programs:
  • Training for Work (formación para el trabajo): these courses at ISCED 2 level are short training courses; they take around 3 to 6 months to complete. The course has some practical aspects, as the curriculum includes 50 percent theory and 50 percent practice. There is no provision of getting into tertiary education if one opts for this type of course. After completion of the training course, students may enter the labor market.
However, upon completion of lower secondary education, students can also choose to go for one of the two broad VET programs at ISCED 3 level. Both of these programs take about three years to complete and confer a vocational degree as well as the baccalaureate, which is required for entry into tertiary education.
  • Technical Professional- Baccalaureate (profesional técnico - bachiller): this course is offered by various subsystems, the biggest being CONALEP. It consists of two thirds of the students. This program involves 360 hours of practical training. Course content also includes 35 percent general subjects and 65 percent vocational subjects. Students are required to complete 360 hours of practical training.

  • Technological Baccalaureate (bachillerato tecnológico) along with the title "professional technician" (técnico profesional) are also offered by some universities. Vocational subjects constitute 40 percent of the course, and general subjects constitute 60 percent of the course.
The education law in Mexico states that the administration of the VET is to be under the purview of both federal as well as state governments.  The federal government is responsible for managing the upper secondary VET, through three different Director Generals – The DGs for Industrial Technological Education (DGETI), Agriculture and Livestock Education (DGETA) and Sea Science and Technology Education (DGECyTM). The federal budget provides funds for the federal schools to supplement their own funding sources.
On the other hand, there are also certain ‘decentralized institutions of state government with federal participation’, such as the State Centers for Scientific and Technological Studies (CECyTE) and Institutes of Training for Work (ICAT). These are primarily managed by the state government. The funds for these come half and half from federal and state budgets. The state government is responsible for the ‘decentralized institutions of the federation’ such as the CONALEP schools, which are funded by the state budget alone. However, the CONALEP schools in Oaxaca and Mexico City are exceptions and are managed by federal funds.