Studies & Degrees in Computing




Choose the degree program you would like to study:

Advanced Computer Technology Analysis and Scientific Computing Applied Computing Bioinformatics Computer Aided Drafting Computer Animation Computer Art & Design Computer Crimes Computer Graphics and Algorithms Computer Information Systems Computer Languages Computer Programming Computer Security Database Administrator Digital Arts e-Business E-Commerce E-Marketing Game & Simulation Programming Geographical Information Systems Geoinformation Health Care Informatics Image Processing and Neurocomputing Industrial Computing Information Systems Management Information Technology Information Technology Management Management Information Systems Management of Information Technology Medical Computing Microcomputer Applications Microcomputer Specialists Network Security Networking Networking Engineering Office Automation Photoshop Research in IT Software Application Specialist Technical Computer Programming and IT Telematics

Study Advanced Computer Technology

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Study Analysis and Scientific Computing

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Study Applied Computing

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Information technology has greatly changed our lives. In every office or work place the computer is almost always present. As a result, information technology has created a need for a new kind of professional. This person must be skilled in the creation, organization, presentation and distribution of information. He or she must also be familiar with the technology used in the storing, organizing and retrieving of the information. Any one who would like to pursue this kind of career should consider taking the Applied Computing course.

Applied Computing is the practical application of computer technology and knowledge to solve real world computing problems. It is a study that deals with the solving of actual computer problems rather than dealing with purely theories. Applied Computing can be used in the areas of computer architecture, databases, graphics creation or design, networks, programming, operating systems, software engineering and other areas in computing.

What kind of things will you learn in this study? First, you will learn the fundamentals and methodology of computing and programming. Then the students will be introduced to the computer’s hardware and operating systems, digital media and also artificial intelligence for computers. One will also take up subjects like technical writing, cryptography, database systems and computer graphics. Though finishing the course is enough credential to be considered as an applied computing professional, one could also continue further study by pursuing a master’s degree in Applied Computing.

For those who are interested in studying this course, it would help if one is a logical thinker and likes solving abstract problems. It would also be great if you are a people person because you will likely be working in a team or interacting with clients. In this course, being determined and persistent is a must especially if things don’t work out in your first attempt. Technical expertise is not enough in this field of study. It is necessary to have knowledge on how people understand and use the technology, including the legal and ethical issues of its use.

There is a growing demand for people who have the specific computer skills and knowledge needed to solve computing problems in a real work environment. Every industry and sector has specific jobs or demands but they generally involve either the maintenance of computer systems or the development of software, applications or solutions. Applied Computing graduates may make their careers as network managers, database administrators, system engineers, website engineers or software engineers. For those who are already working this may be a great way to improve your chances for promotion or embark in a new career in your work place.

Earning a degree in Applied Computing is a good start if you want to enter the exciting and well-paying jobs available in the growing technology sector. Applied Computing can help in acquiring language and coding skills that can be immediately used in any work environment. If you would like to create computer programs, develop software, build websites or would like to pursue a career in technology, a degree in Applied Computing is a step in the right direction.

Study Bioinformatics

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The field of science wherein computer science, information technology and biology combine to form a discipline is known as Bioinformatics. The primary goal of this discipline is to establish the grounds of discovering new insights in biology and at the same time be able to establish a perspective wherein which the merging principles in biology can be globally discerned. From the onset of genomic revolution, the concern of Bioinformatics is the creation followed by the maintenance of a designed database as a store of biological information; such information includes amino acid and nucleotide sequences. The advancement of such kind of database does not only involve design issue but it also covers the development of intricate interfaces wherein researchers can do both accessing of existing data and submitting revised and new data. Nowadays, the science of Bioinformatics or also known as Computational Biology has rampantly being utilized in order attain further improvement of the quality of life.

Bioinformatics has emerged out of the call to identify with the code of life which is DNA. Substantial DNA sequencing projects have already advanced and have added in the intensification of Bioinformatics as a field of science. The DNA is the fundamental molecule of life which has direct control over the essential biology of life. It functions in coding for genes wherein the codes for proteins which are the determinants of the biological makeup of any living organisms and humans. The errors and variations of a genomic DNA primarily define the possibilities of developing various diseases as well as resistance and treatment.

Bioinformatics has the definitive goal of uncovering the richness of all underlying biological information such as structure, literature, mass of sequence and other biological data and be able to obtain a clearer picture into the basic biology of all living organisms and be able to make use of the derive information in order to improve mankind’s standard of life.

Bioinformatics is now being used as well as in foreseeing the future in areas covered by molecular medicine in order to better produce more customized medications for the cure and prevention of various diseases, it has also gauge in benefits for the environment such as the identification of bacteria waste cleanup and it has also made its way in the field of agriculture by means of producing high yield but low maintenance crops. Such are the several benefits which Bioinformatics can offer.

In due course, on the other hand, all information derived by Bioinformatics should be combined in order to form one comprehensive and concrete picture of activities of the normal cells to enable researchers to study how such activities are changed in various states of disease. For that reason, the science of Bioinformatics has advanced such that the ultimate imperative task will now involve both analysis as well as the interpretation of the different types of data, counting together amino acids and nucleotide sequences. The definite process of data analysis and interpretation being known as computational biology works with Bioinformatics for the development of tools and its implementation to access and use different types of information and be able to develop formulas and statistics in studying the relationships of all stored information.

Study Computer Aided Drafting

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Are you interested in pursuing a degree and eventually a career in the exciting field of Computer Aided Drafting (CAD)?  Have you done any research yet regarding the types of qualifications you’ll need to embark on one of the many professional careers currently available for qualified graduates? Individuals who possess computer aided drafting skills are currently in high demand, and with thousands of universities and other institutions now offering associate and bachelor degree programs in the field, it has never been easier to get started.  To help you take that first step, below we have outlined some of the features of both the associate and bachelor degree program in Computer Aided Drafting, including a brief description of some of the career opportunities now available to those who have earned those respective degrees.
 
Associate’s Degree in Computer Aided Drafting
 
An associate degree in computer aided drafting is aimed to ready students for one of the many entry-level careers in the drafting field.  The associate degree program typically spans two years, or four full semesters, and includes classes such as Introduction to Drafting, Descriptive Geometry, Industrial Drawing, Manufacturing Processes, Advanced Computer Technology and more.  Students will be trained how to use powerful state-of-the-art drafting software to formulate technical drawings according to industry standards.  The various drawings they create can be used in an assortment of applications, ranging from electronics to manufacturing.  Some programs focus solely on specific areas of the drafting discipline, including architecture and aeronautical drafting, and all programs feature hands-on instruction pertaining to the various drafting techniques.
 
Students who graduate with an associate’s degree in Computer Aided Drafting can go on to fill a variety of career roles.  Some of these include architectural drafting, aeronautical drafting, civil drafting, electrical drafting, manufacturing drafting and mechanical drafting.  Last year the median salary in the U.S. for entry-level computer aided drafters was $43,000.
 
Bachelor’s Degree in Computer Aided Drafting
 
The Bachelor Degree program in Computer Aided Drafting includes all of the coursework of the associate’s program plus many more classes in subjects such as mathematics and technology.  Many schools offer a 2+2 degree program that allows students to transfer their associate’s degree credits in computer aided drafting directly to the Bachelor’s degree program.  These credits, however, will be much easier to transfer if they’re earned in a community college rather than a private technical or vocational school, as junior or community colleges tend to place more emphasis on the general education courses needed to succeed in this growing field.
 
The coursework students can expect to complete in the Bachelor degree program includes commercial and residential architectural drafting, civil drafting, drafting fundamentals, structural drafting, mechanical drafting, CAD applications, product design, machine drafting, and more.  The Bachelor Degree program also includes several elective courses and an internship, during which students can focus on a particular specialty that appeals to them.
 
The careers available for students who have earned a Bachelor Degree in Computer Aided Drafting are very similar to those held by those with an associate’s degree, only more advanced.  In most fields a Bachelor degree is required for senior drafters and supervisors, positions in which the average wage is considerably higher.  For example, Bachelor degree graduates with positions in mechanical and electrical drafting can expect initial wages of $51,200 and $55, 960 respectively, and with many years of experience they can top out at over $70,000.

Study Computer Animation

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Are you thinking about studying computer animation at the undergraduate or graduate level?  Could you benefit from some additional information about the field and the people employed in it?  If so, you may find the following information quite useful.

What Is Computer Animation?

To animate means “to give life,” and an animator's job is to take a static image or object and literally bring it to life by giving it movement and personality. Naturally, the field of computer animation has come a long way since the early days of Walt Disney and other animation pioneers, as technology has grown immeasurably since the time.

Simply put, computer animation is a type of art form that involves bringing still images to life using computer technology. Animation in this form can apply to images on a computer or to those in film. When these techniques are used in movies, the technology is often referred to as computer-generated imagery (CGI).

To produce computer animation, a still or non-moving image is first displayed. With speed in mind, this image is then replaced with another image. The new image is very similar to the first, but has been changed in some minute way. Each subsequent image is also altered ever so slightly. This combination of rapid image replacement and slight alteration of images creates the illusion of movement.  Though computer technology is used for animation, the technique of creating the look of movement is basically the same as that used for television and movie animation.

To fully comprehend how movement is created with computer animation, we recommend you first consider a blank screen.  Now imagine a person or an animal of some kind drawn on the left side of the screen. Then imagine that the screen once again goes blank, and the next time you see the image of the person or animal it is positioned just a little to the right of its initial position. Once more, the screen is blanked, and the object is moved slightly again to the right. At high speed, this ever-so-slight movement of the image will result in the appearance of smooth movement to the right.

Without a doubt, speed is the key to the success of any computer animation or animator. To give the illusion of smooth movement, full images, often referred to as frames, must be shown at speeds of at least 12 images per second. At lower speeds, the human eye is able to detect a certain amount of jerkiness. Interestingly, however, there is no advantage to showing images at speeds of 70 frames per second or more, as there is no noticeable improvement in movement perception at speeds this high.

When animation is created using conventional hand-drawn methods, it is not uncommon to use 15 frames per second. This is done to economize on the amount of drawings necessary to create the animation. However, computer animation is often used to create more realistic looking images. As such, the use of more frames per second is typically necessary.

Students and practitioners of computer animation require, at minimum, a working computer and special animation software to ply their craft. There is a wide variety of animation software on the market today, with prices varying according to the intended use. In general, animation software intended for the novice to enjoy for fun or for simple animation is less costly. Software for more professional animation is not only more expensive, but also more comprehensive. However, it’s important to keep in mind that even the most basic animation programs are capable of creating some amazing animations and illusions.

Types of Computer Animation

There are two basic kinds of computer animation: computer-assisted animation and computer-generated animation.

Computer-assisted animation is typically two-dimensional (2-D), like the cartoons children enjoy on television.  The animator draws objects and characters either by hand or with a computer. Then he positions his creations in key frames, which form an outline of the most important movements.  Next, the computer uses mathematical algorithms to fill in the "in-between" frames. This process is called “tweening.”  Both key framing and tweening are traditional animation techniques that can be done by hand, but are accomplished much faster with a computer.

Computer-generated animation is a different ballgame altogether. For starters, this animation is three-dimensional (3-D), meaning that objects and characters are modeled on a plane with an X, Y and Z axis. This can't be done with pencil and paper. Key framing and tweening are still an important function of computer-generated animation, but there are other techniques that don't relate to traditional animation. Using mathematical algorithms, animators can program objects to adhere to (or break) physical laws like gravity, mass and force. Or create tremendous herds and flocks of creatures that appear to act independently, yet collectively. For example, with computer-generated animation, instead of animating each hair on a monster's head, the monster's fur is instead designed to wave gently in the wind and lie flat when wet.

There are many colleges and universities around the world that offer computer animation as a major course of study.  These programs can fall under one of two academic umbrellas:  fine arts and technology usually a combination of the two).  Programs are offered at the undergraduate and graduate level, spanning four to six years in duration, respectively, and leading to Bachelor of Arts and Master’s of Art degrees.

Job positions for Computer Animation:

Video Game Designer

A Video Game Designers design game play, plan and conceptualize the structures and regulations of a game. They produce or generate the detailed or elaborated design documents. A design document comprises of descriptions of entire features of an electronic game such as artwork, flow charts, plot, mission, rules, sound and special features. The design document is utilized by computer programmers, sound designers and graphic artists to make a software program or system for video game. Video Game Designer works with a team that comprises of a marketing staff, computer programmers or coders. The coders supply the rough draft of the game and different kinds of designs that will be utilized in the game. They are also expected to design graphics, which are used for websites that advertise or market the game. Most of the time a Game Designer’s day is spent in the computer and assembling or meetings. Having experience and enthusiasm are certain pluses or advantage for a game designer.

The video game industry is still arising; therefore there is an opportunity for new Game Designers to obtain a great job and compensation as well. For those who perform or work hard, the industry also provides some rewards and fringe benefits. Some of the companies that employ Video Game Designers include animation, cell phone, digital entertainment, educational game, motion capture companies and console gaming industries.

Making a video game requires program, music, art, and writing abilities. In order to begin in this stimulating profession, you must know a great deal about the game industry and take a look at the several industry magazines so you will be able to adjust your skill to a fast changing market. Also, try to improve your knowledge in design, storyboard and computer software application. Other qualifications needed to become a successful in this kind of career include patience, teamwork, artistry, project management skills and problem solving abilities.

Video Game Designers are mostly holding a bachelor’s degree in Art, English, computer science, computer engineering and other related fields. Colleges and universities are currently providing a certificate and complete or entire degree programs in this particular field. Some of the potential courses for video game designer are graphics programming, object-oriented programming (3-D modeling C++ or Java, etc.), animation theory, artificial intelligence and sound tool courses.

Salary of a Video Game Designer in the United States particularly in Kentucky, Massachusetts, Missouri, Nevada, North Carolina, Texas and Washington ranges from $40,000 to $70,000 per year. But it also depends on experience, training and education, job description, location and the gaming industry.

Some of the well-known Video game designers who designed computer games, arcade games, console games include Michel Ancel (King Kong and Beyond Good & Evil), Cameron Davis (Game Boy Advance), Rieko Kodama (Sega - Phantasy Star), Toshihiro Nishikado (Space Invaders), Alexey Pajitnov (Tetris), Satoshi Tajiri (Pokémon games), Tōru Iwatani (Namco - Pac-Man) and Ted Price (Insomniac Games).

Multimedia Designer

Multimedia Designers are usually expert or knowledgeable in operating images and demonstrating data in the form of video, soundtracks, text, animation, still images, physical objects, digital data, and audio.
The interactive Multimedia Designer works on web design, interactive CDs or DVDs and kiosks, while the non interactive Multimedia Designer works on non interactive production for instance the Internet and television.

Multimedia Designers typical responsibilities include but not limited to the following:

• Form the ideas, designs and try out or sample layout derived from the layout principles and artistic design concepts.

• Make sketches, drawings or plans and scale models that will be evaluated by the production manager or director.

• Design and develop marketing and promotion matters as per requirements. They may also design the props, costumes and set.

• Notify the technical production such as sound and lighting to check the production sets.

• Utilize and comprehend computer software application to create artwork such as visual images, illustrations and others.

• Discuss and recommend with regards to the development or enhancement of artwork. If needed, they also make animated graphics.

• Follow up and organize with external marketing agencies on the progress of promotional resources.

• Responsible in editing, recording and carrying out audio into applications.

• They operate hardware connected with multimedia development like video camera, digital camera, CD duplicator, etc.

The software applications that are usually used by Multimedia Designers are Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and Adobe Flash, Adobe Premier, Macromedia Director and Microsoft PowerPoint.

Professions that are available to a multimedia design degree holder are web designer, web developer, scriptwriter, or multimedia producer. There are several entry-level work opportunities with organizations, government agencies, corporations, educational institutions, advertising, and entertainment industries, which include television stations, video production houses, film studios, and live productions (concerts and theater).

Nowadays, professions in this kind of field are quickly increasing because of the advancement in technology. Multimedia design is used in games, training, entertainment, and the newest application is in cellular phone. Multimedia Designer must be highly artistic and a good conversationalist in order to convey the ideas orally. They must put into operation the animation methods and visual sensitivity, visually understandable in scripts and storyboards. The capability to work or perform as a team player is necessity for success. Several jobs demand extra time to meet the deadlines.

Salary of a Multimedia Designer in United States particularly in South Dakota, South Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, California and Hawaii ranges from $45,000 to $70,000 per year. The average salary per hour is around $29.00. It also depends on experience, training and education, job, location and size of the company.

The required education for a Multimedia Designer is Associates Degree in Art/ Graphic Design or any related field. To engage in this kind of profession, it is significant to possess a degree in multimedia design. This provides knowledge or expertise and education which are needed in a multimedia designing career. Universities and colleges offer courses and program designed for this kind of degree. Training is also important because most employers are looking for designers who are skilled and can adjust well to altering trends.

Study Computer Art & Design

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Study Computer Crimes

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Study Computer Graphics and Algorithms

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It was during the 1960 when the term “computer graphics” was coined by William Fetter, a graphic designer. It was during that time that computer graphics hardware was developed and the cathode ray tube (CRT) was introduced as a display and interaction interface. As computers became more advanced, the quality and form of interactive computer graphics also improved. In 1959, a computer that integrated many new man-machine interfaces, the TX-2 computer, was developed. In the mid 1960s, with the continued advancement of computer graphics and with the major corporations becoming more interested in the technology, many computer graphics companies such as TRW, Lockheed-Georgia, General Electric, and Sperry Rand, were founded. In the 1980s, artists and graphic designers began using personal computers such as Commodore Amiga and Macintosh as serious design tools which they could use to save time and produce more accurate drawings; while the late 1980’s saw the first fully computer-generated short films created by Pixar.

Three-dimensional computer graphics became more popular in the 1990s when it was used in gaming, multimedia, and animations. Quake, released in 1996, was the first fully 3D game while Toy Story, 1995, was the first full-length computer-generated animation film. As the market demands higher quality computer graphics, we can only wait and see what more advances the technology will take in the next years.

Computer Graphics can be defined as representation and manipulation of pictorial data by a computer, as the technologies used to create and manipulate these pictorial data, or the images or graphics produced by these technologies. Computer Graphics is also defined as a branch of computer science which focuses on the methods for digitally synthesizing and manipulating visual data. But no matter how many meanings the term “computer graphics” has, it has, without question, touched many aspects of our daily lives. From television, newspapers, weather reports, to movies, surgical procedures, and education; computer graphics has indeed become part of modern-day society.

Computer Graphics, as a major, focuses on the study of manipulating visual and geometric information using computers. This is where algorithms, or well-defined procedures to solve mathematical problems, come in. Algorithms are helpful in solving mathematical problems in sorting, searching, text processing, solving graph problems, solving basic geometric problems, displaying graphics, and performing common mathematical calculations. Most schools include subjects that enable students to appreciate and learn the importance of algorithms in creating or manipulating computer graphics. More often than not, these subjects include hands-on activities that allows students to implement a series of algorithms and techniques used in computer animation including path following, ease-in, forward kinematics, inverse kinematics, rigid body dynamics, flocking, particle systems, and spring-mass-damper systems.

The use of Computer Graphics has spread from entertainment to business to education. It is small wonder that graduates have many career paths in different industries to choose from. Here are some of the industries where computer graphics is applied and where a professional CG developer can find career opportunities: computational biology, computational physics, computer-aided design, computer simulation, digital art, education, graphic design, infographics, information visualization, scientific visualization, video games, virtual reality, and web design.

Study Computer Information Systems

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Study Computer Languages

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Study Computer languages

Computer languages are instructions according to which computers function. It is the duty of the computer programmers to develop these languages and instructions. Computer programmers are those who have studied Computer languages and are efficient not only in handling these languages but also resolving related problems and logical tests within the computer system. They take the necessary designs developed by the software engineers and convert them into functional instructions for the computer which ultimately takes the shape of a program. Study of Computer languages helps not only those who want to pursue a career in this subject but those who are students of other disciplines also. 
 
Types of Computer languages

Broadly, there are two types of Computer languages. Low level languages include machine language or binary code and assembly or symbolic programming language. The second type i.e. high level languages are more user friendly and can be further divided into the following types:
  • Algebraic Formula-Type Processing languages are for solving mathematical and statistical problems. These are such as BASIC, FORTRAN, APL, ALGOL, etc.
  • Business Data Processing languages like COBOL and RPG.
  • String and List Processing
  • Object Oriented Programming languages such as C, C++ and Java
  • Visual Programming languages for developing Windows based applications. These are such as Visual Basic, Visual C, Visual Java.
Learning Computer languages

Apart from full time computer programming degree courses, one may also study Computer languages from different institutes and computer schools. Online courses on Computer languages are also available. A degree course requires minimum of two years study. Higher degrees are offered by most of the general and technical universities. All you have to do for joining a computer language course (other than the degree courses) is to gain a fair knowledge of which programming languages are needed for what purpose and what you exactly want to learn.

Studying Computer languages can be frustrating at times because of the repetitive usage of codes and common mistakes that happen. But successful completion of writing a program gives immense satisfaction. Knowing one or two Computer languages is good, but for being a good programmer and for better opportunities knowing five or six languages help. That way you get to know about common construct among them and the problem solving method in abstract. 

Career in Computer Programming

Trained computer programmers have a various options. With the rising trend of computerization of every field and sector, computer programmers are usually in a high demand. The IT sector boom bears a testimony to that. Employers look for people with vocational training in computer programming, preferably a computer programming degree. But those with knowledge and great programming skills can also work as independent consultants. A computer programmer has demand in practically all sectors of the economy today. Specializations in certain types of programming languages are also appreciated by industries. Pay packages offered are more or less impressive and this gets only better with experience in the industry. However, with the change in technology, programmers need to adapt themselves with these advancements for having a better career path in front of them.

Study Computer Programming

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Computer programming and software engineering covers all the subjects involved in writing computer code and creating software. This includes programming languages (usually 2 or 3 at least, in order to become competitive in the software engineering job market), basic computer science and electronics, and math. People who choose to study computer programming and software engineering are usually technologically savvy individuals with keen, logical minds. The work they do may include anything from video games to counterterrorism, and everything in between.
 
In the early years of the computer's existence, writing software was extremely time-consuming process because the programmer had to write each and every line of code out explicitly. Today, however, resources are available that make this tedious and time-consuming work unnecessary. As a result, today's computer programmers focus on far more complex systems that involve millions of lines of code, and can accomplish tasks that would have been impossible only a few years ago. This makes computer programming and software engineering and exciting and dynamic field to study, but also a challenging one–as computer programming becomes more complicated, the level of ability that employers expect from graduates in this field is on the rise.
 
Personal Qualities
 
  • Talent with computers
  • Systematic, logical thinking – this is extremely important
  • Patience and attention to detail
  • Creativity and ability to think outside the box
 
 
Study Options
 
In many cases, people who wish to pursue careers in computer programming and software engineering major in computer science instead. Computer science, or CS, is a broader field of study that covers computer engineering and electronics in addition to programming skills. Most colleges and universities, moreover, do not offer undergraduate majors in computer programming–instead, they expect aspiring computer programmers to major in computer science at the undergraduate level. It is usually at the graduate level that programs in computer programming and software engineering can be found.
 
When selecting a program in computer science, computer programming, or software engineering, it is important to base your selection process around which computer programming languages are emphasized by the program in question. The choice of which languages to learn will greatly influence the kind of software that you will be able to program. For example, HTML is ideal for writing code for websites, whereas C++ and Visual C++ are more versatile languages that can be used to create applications, drivers, embedded software, and games. Before choosing a program, consider what sort of software you hope to create, and choose your languages accordingly.
 
Career Options
 
Nearly every industry in the world today has some use for software engineers and computer programmers. Whether it is writing custom software to meet the needs of a corporation, building websites for charities and NGOs, or working on the consumer end, developing software that customers can purchase online, there is an enormous variety of jobs available for those with degrees in computer programming. These jobs can be separated into 2 categories: applications programming and systems programming. Systems programmers work on the underlying software of a computer or network, including operating systems and embedded programs. Applications programmers, on the other hand, develop standalone software that users can install on their systems and run.

Study Computer Security

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The invention of the computer has greatly changed our way of life as compared to say fifty years ago. We use the computer for work or play and surfing the Internet for information. We can play music or games, watch movies and even buy things through the Internet. The computer has created a lot of great opportunities for people, whether personal or business. Majority of the offices today have their own network with several computers interconnected to each other making communication and files sharing easier. However, there could also be dangers. As computers get more interconnected with one another through networks such as the Internet, the problem of security arises.

The moment one turns on a computer and goes online, that computer will always be facing threats of cyber attacks on the Internet and also within an organization's network if in case connected to one like in many offices all over the world. Upon opening your e-mail, you are most likely to receive a lot of spam e-mail in your electronic mailbox. Every website being visited runs the risk of one's computer getting infected with computer viruses, adware or spyware. Computer hackers can hijack your computer without knowing it, turning them to a zombie or part of their botnet army. A zombie or botnet army are computers that have been infected with a program with instructions to forward or receive transmissions like spams or viruses to other computers connected to the Internet. Another risk is the danger of someone hacking through someone’s computer and getting personal files and information like credit card number, password to online accounts and other confidential details. Imagine this happening to a large government office or organization. The result can be devastating.

With the increasing frequency and sophistication of virus attacks, spams, adware and spywares; there is an increasing demand especially from various institutions and corporations for Computer Security Specialists. A computer security specialist will design and implement security protocols regarding a user's access to a computer network. These security protocols could be implemented with the use of firewalls and password authentication. They are responsible for protecting the computer network system from attacks both from within and outside the system. Attacks from the outside will come from hackers who will try to intrude the system as well as computer viruses and worms. From within, the security breach might be accidental or intentional. An employee while surfing the net might stumble into a website loaded with spyware and adware or download files from the Internet that might be loaded with a virus.

A computer security specialist, aside from handling various computer network systems, will also deal with the various personnel of the organization from management to the rank and file personnel. Career wise, one could work in an institution or organization with the possibility that one might be promoted to positions like Network Security Manager or Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) or could offer one's services as an independent contractor or consultant. In the United States the median salary of people who work in computer security related jobs can range from an annual salary of 60,000 to 100,000 U.S. dollars. The study of Computer Security though is an advanced under graduate or master’s level course. A student in order to qualify for this course must have graduated or have attain the required credits in Computer Science, Computer Programming or any technical related course.

Study Database Administrator

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Study Digital Arts

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Study e-Business

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E-business is a term derived from terms like e-commerce and e-mail. It covers conducting business over the Internet through buying and selling and which also extends to providing services and partners collaboration. The first company to run E-Business is IBM back in October year 1997 and currently many companies followed the trend of running their operations over the Internet. The new culture of E-Business has rapidly gone popular over time. Now, many companies are using the Internet to buy and sell their goods, to promote and collaborate their sales and at the same time conduct joint researches. With taking the advantage of E-Business, various companies like Amazon.com and Ebay has conquered the Internet successfully.

Progressively more, a good deal of direct selling is also taking over the Internet, one of the world’s reported big earners via E-Business is Dell Computer. In the field of travel, E-Business is very much effective for direct online travel bookings, and one of the areas to dominate in the future is recreational facilities online reservations.

The industry of businesses which run over the Internet or making use of Internet technologies is known as E-Business. The Internet is their primary means of gaining and improving their productivity and profitability. In a broader sense, the term E-Business is used to define any electronic form of business which uses the computer. The means is somewhat dated, but in various areas, E-Business is exclusively for business over the Internet.

The most widespread accomplishment of E-Business is as a supplementary, or in some cases principally, storefront. By means of online selling of products and services, an E-Business is able to get to a much wider base of consumers compared with the traditional building store. Such purpose is known as e-commerce and occasionally interchangeably used.

An E-Business can also make use of the Internet in order to get hold of supplies or wholesale products for productions. This aspect is termed as “eprocurement” which in the long run opens the businesses to opportunities which dramatically cut down their costs. Even several E-Businesses which run with no electronic modes, at present makes use of eprocurement as their approach to better and effectively track and administer their procurements.

Moreover to buying and selling products, the field of E-business can also manage other conventional business facets. The function of electronic chat as means of customer and support is an outstanding illustration of such. An E-Business which makes use of chat to append its customary support over the phone finds a system that can incredibly save huge amounts of time and at the same time be able to provide services which traditional support fails to offer. By means of using virtual computer systems, for instance, the operators of technical support is capable of remotely accessing the computer of the customer and support them in resolving their reported problem. By means of downloading a relatively small program, all relevant information regarding the specifications of the user’s software and hardware can be communicated directly to the support operator, with no extra effort to personally walk through the customer to collect the needed data.

Study E-Commerce

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E-commerce or electronic commerce is known as online commerce versus the real-world commerce. The field of E-commerce covers bonds, stocks and banking, retail shopping, airline booking, real estate transactions, movie rentals, and auctions, every kind of business can benefit from it because they can make use of the World Wide Web to introduce their products and services to greater markets aside from local marketing and direct selling.

Before E-commerce used to require expensive interfaces and security certificates, but nowadays, virtual storefronts are now available by various hosting services and large Internet domains like Yahoo! and eBay which offer easy and hassle free online solutions to vendors. The tools for running E-commerce websites are built-in in hosting servers which eliminates the need for individual sellers as the online tools can acts as sales and inventory logs, shopping carts and wide array of payment options which include secured payment transactions.

Improved technology has eradicated the fears in terms of security, and it has made a lot of people to feel confident on buying online. E-commerce has the full potential to guarantee the cardholders that they are not responsible for charges against online shopping; such factors have paved way to improve the industry as to date.

The widely growing recognition of E-commerce is explicable taking into consideration the hassle and time involved in going to one store to another, and then looking for an item. The employee overhead is practically fictional, and the annual fee for an E-commerce website is small. Comparing these to storefront property rental, for instance a place in the mall, E-commerce has definitely offered decrease on overhead expenses. Most of all, transactions are facilitated by software processes, it never requires a real individual to packed and deliver a product. Such shows real time business savings, as an effect, real world enterprises can most of the time unable to compete with the E-commerce units in terms of real savings.

Ecommerce enables the consumers exchange goods and services electronically having no difficulties on distance and time. Over the last five years, E-commerce has accelerated quickly, and in the future, it is predicted to eliminate the boundaries of electronic and conventional commerce among businesses and thus more sections of the industries will move their operations towards the Internet.

In order to start an E-commerce based business, one must know the vital details of starting their own online stores. They should find a product which consumers will most likely find it difficult to find inside the department stores or malls. The next step would be finding the modes of accepting payment transactions online; this involves either accepting credit cards or having a merchant account as the mode of online payments. Then lastly, one must have a marketing strategy to drive the target market toward their website and they should be able to entice their target customers. As a whole, if everything has ended perfectly well, then E-commerce can be proven to be a significantly rewarding endeavor to make money. However, making money is not just overnight, it also calls for working hard and making effective decisions.

Study E-Marketing

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E-marketing is a term often used interchangeably with terms such as web marketing, online marketing, search marketing, and digital marketing. It basically means the application of marketing principles and techniques through an electronic media, and more precisely the Internet. E-marketing usually involves the marketing of a brand while using the Internet, and this can include a number of things – both direct response marketing and indirect marketing, while also employing a variety of technologies that help businesses connect to their customers. With relation to this, E-marketing comprises all the activities a business carries out via the worldwide web with the purpose of attracting new customers, retaining current clients, and developing its brand identity.

Therefore, the role of an e-marketer can be extremely diverse; he or she can either build strategies for a company’s presence on the Internet, or be responsible for a certain area within e-marketing – sending e-mails, preparing newsletters; developing and maintaining a Facebook page or a blog; or specializing in the field of search engine optimization.

Personal Qualities

E-marketing is a continuation of traditional marketing, so in order to be suited for such a discipline, you would need to have an interest in marketing and advertising as a whole. These are some other skills and qualities you might like to look for:

  • High levels of creativity and imagination – even be prepared to come up with extremely unusual ideas
  • Open to experimenting and constantly looking for new information and trends
  • Excellent written and oral communication skills
  • Very good interpersonal skills
  • Good at working within a team
  • Great organizational qualities

Study Options

There is a wide pool of options you might choose from, if you wish to be involved in E-marketing. First of all, you should not forget that this is a highly specialized discipline, and a fairly new one, so although there are some universities offering it as a separate bachelor’s degree, you would do better if you combine it with a broader option. E-marketing was born from the combination of traditional marketing and the development of technologies like the Internet, so you would definitely gain a better depth into the subject if you pursue a degree in Marketing and Advertising, for example, while stressing on the courses in e-marketing. There is also the choice of degrees like Business Management with a specialization in E-marketing – in this way you would both gain the knowledge of how to run your own business, and be aware of the latest e-marketing trends. Besides, there are master’s degrees in E-Marketing, and this can also be an opportunity for you to dig deeper into the field, if you have already gained some other form of qualification. Again, first estimate the return on investment that such a master’s course is going to yield. Finally, you should never forget that this is a very dynamic area, full of innovations and developments, so no matter your education you need to keep constantly updated by reading specialized literature, participating in specialized conferences, or visiting lectures and seminars.

Career Options

As an e-marketer, you would have a very diverse range of options, as well as excellent career prospects, because this definitely is a field in its peak. You could hunt jobs in New Media & Digital Media Agencies, Advertising Agencies, E-Business & E-Commerce Companies, or companies providing Online Marketing-related Products and Services. You could also be employed by big companies, looking for in-house marketing services. Other companies that have become extremely sought-after in recent years are Search Engine Marketing & Search Engine Optimization (SEO) firms. Last but not least, you can easily work on a freelance basis, or form a company of your own – with the option to do this online, resources needed would be led to a minimum.

Study Game & Simulation Programming

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As technology nowadays vastly evolves in many different aspects of function in civilization, the world of “Game & Simulation Programming” is proudly progressing as well. They are continuously developing in terms of quality of their finished products. From sound cards (high-definition digital-quality of sounds) to high-definition and/or 3D gaming graphics.

When we say the word “game”, we think about children playing endlessly and we think about fun. But game & simulation programming is not just entirely about games anymore, it is about so much more.

It has helped a lot of businesses earn huge amount of money, selling to children and adolescents, the age bracket of people showing interest in video games has really grown recently. As more and more people become familiar with technology, even our grandparents are beginning to join the fun.

The biggest video game company in the world is Nintendo and Electronic Arts is the second. The gaming world earned $9.5 billion in the US alone in 2007 and $11.7 billion in 2008 (ESA or Entertainment Software Association annual report).

Super Mario is the best-selling video game of all time which sold 240 million copies worldwide, followed by Pokemon selling 200 million copies, Tetris with 125 million copies, The Sims (life-simulation game which was released just in 2000) sold 125 million copies already and Need for Speed (car-racing game) that sold a 100 million copies.

Aside from video game marketing, simulation programming is the next biggest thing that has happened in the history of graphic arts.

Simulation means imitating or recreating “real-life”, in short role-playing. The advancement in simulation has helped a lot of people in honing their craft in different fields of expertise.

One being flying a plane or a helicopter. Students who wants to become a pilot train on a simulation before going hands-on in a real plane. Astronauts also train with simulations to closely get in touch with what to expect in space. Another one is using simulation for science. A scientist uses simulation for their experimental analysis.

Game & simulation programming have a varieties of jobs to offer including game designers, creative game directors, programmers, lead designers, animators, artists, technical directors, video game testers, lead game testers, audio designers and even music composers and musicians.

In the United States game graphic designers earns $40,000 to $70,000, creative game directors earns $45,000 to $90,000, an amount of $50,000 to $90,000 for programmers and $25,000 to $45,000 for video game testers who many of us think have the coolest job ever and as they say: “are being paid to have fun”.

Here are some colleges and universities offering bachelors in game and simulation programming courses: University of Phoenix, Strayer University, Brown College, Westwood College, Rasmussen College in US. Devry University has universities in both US and Canada. Nihon Kogakuin College in Tokyo, Japan and Edith Cowan University in Australia.

Study Geographical Information Systems

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Geographic Information System (GIS), Geographical Information System or Geospatial Information System is defined as the control of everything regarding geographical references. It is a compilation of all the gathered and collected data. Geographic Information System helps us in understanding and locating. It also allows us to question and it interprets. It visualizes and displays maps, charts, reports, globes and their connection or role to each other. Information can multiply and/or be unified with system framework. GIS is very much digitally structured and its information is computer-based.

GIS has four components and it is: Hardware (the moderator of everything you need to support the past, present and future activities of GIS), Software (a variety of this is very important to GIS, we use this for creating and analyzing), Data (this what makes up any GIS, without this, there is nothing to show) and People (of course, we made GIS and we are the ones to operate).

A geographic information system developed for a particular purpose may not be compatible to another GIS that has a different application cause. Geographical information system is also an SDI or Spatial Data Infrastructure. As a Spatial Data Infrastructure that has a main idea of having no limits whatsoever, GIS has no limits in its system.

GIS is really helpful for a number of purposes. Navigation, public utility management, geography, archaeology, urban planning, emergency management and landscape architecture are some of them that rely on GIS.

One of the first few persons that used geographic method was John Snow; he laid out and presented how the cholera epidemic passed on in London, 1854. It led him to discover the contaminated water pump (Broad Street Pump) which he closed so the spreading of the current epidemic could be put to a stop.

The first true development of GIS was in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada in 1960 by Dr. Roger Tomlinson. Dr. Tomlinson worked for the Federal Department of Forestry and Rural Development. Because it was located in Canada, they called it the Canada Geographic Information System (or CGIS). They used it to manipulate, analyze and store gathered data. It was made for the Canada Land Inventory or CLI. Because the CGIS of Dr. Tomlinson was the first and most advanced in terms of using geographic methods, he was called the “father of GIS”.

Because the GIS’ system is within a computer system, you have to be skilled or at least take time to study the operation of this special kind of computer. You have to be familiar with many different geographical skills. Analyzing, researching, observing, map scaling and presenting gathered data are just a few skills needed to be a Geographical Information System Specialist.

The salary of a GIS Specialist in the US is $39,069 to $53,723 while the Senior GIS Specialists earns from about $45,417 to $69,674. Salary depends on skill, education and work experience as well.

Study Geoinformation

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Geoinformatics or geographic information technology is the study of science and technology related to spatial information. It aims at handling problems of geography, geosciences and related fields of engineering. Geoinformatics focuses mainly on the technology that is involved and necessary in collecting, storing, processing and analyzing the data that has been collected spatially. A number of subjects need to be paid heed to while studying Geoinformatics. These are such as cartography, geographic information system, global navigation satellite systems, remote sensing, etc.

In very simple terms, Geoinformatics involves collection and analysis of our earth and its resources from space. It focuses on studying from all above up there the precise location of boundaries between nations, the oceans and seas, the forests, Earth’s climate, other geographical features as well as man-made structures.

Course Details

Duration of post graduate degree course in Geoinformatics varies from two to three years. The degrees awarded are either Master of Science or Master of Technology or post graduate diploma in Geoinformatics, depending on the course module and topics taught. Candidates willing to take admission to one of these courses must have graduation degree in Engineering, Information Technology, Agriculture, Management, Geography, Geology, Science, or Computer Science. Entrance tests and interviews form a normal part of the admission process in most universities. Students can follow up their post graduate courses in Geoinformatics with doctoral and post doctoral researches.

Why Study Geoinformatics

Geoinformatics helps in determining disaster control programs, military missions, and matters of national security, planning land management programs, aiding agriculture, aviation and study of climate change, and other developmental programs such as forest conservation, economic progress in mining, fishing and transport (as in global positioning system). Due to such widespread utility of the subject, Geoinformatics is gaining more and more importance every day. Naturally there remains a constant and increasing demand for experts in the field.

A course in Geoinformatics aims at training students to gain a wide knowledge base on physical geography and spatial technology in the students. It will teach them how to make use of remote sensing technology and global information system and analyze data collected from use of these. Besides, students will also get hands on training in management of natural resources, land and space use. 

Career Prospects

Once one gets to know the applicability of the subject, it will hardly be difficult to have a fair idea of the job prospects available to a person studying Geoinformatics. Governmental agencies involved in spare, agriculture and climate research, environmental agencies, private enterprises working on GPS, mineral exploration, communication information, as well as international organizations focusing on crime mapping, market analysis, etc have huge demand for trained people in Geoinformatics. Job profiles are impressive naturally as they range from scientist, technical assistant, GIS expert and analyst, project scientist, project coordinator, system executives and many more. Due to advancement and extensive use of Geoinformatics we have been able to use all available frequency spectrums. However future research and development programs are required for producing technologies which will use newer frequency spectrum.

Study Health Care Informatics

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With the rise of computers and microchips in 1950s came the advancement in the medicine field in the form of Healthcare Informatics. The earliest use of computers for medicine was for dental project by Robert Ledley at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards. As more advanced technologies came out, more expert systems were developed: INTERNIST-1 and MYCIN, which was designed to identify bacteria that caused severe infections, were developed in the mid-1950s while, in 1965, MEDLINE and MEDLARS, both literature and biomedical bibliographic database, were used in the National Library of Medicine. More advances in Healthcare Informatics were made as the years passed including the usage of MUMPS, a programming language, for clinical applications in 1970s and 1980s; the number of commercial vendors that market practice management and electronic medical records systems grew in the 1970s; and, in 2004, Veterans Health Information Systems and Technology Architecture (VistA), a descendent of MUMPS, was used in the United States Veterans Affairs hospital system.

Healthcare Informatics, sometimes referred to as health informatics or medical informatics, is the mixture of information science, computer science, and health care which deals with the resources, devices, and methods needed to optimize acquisition, storage, retrieval, and the use of information in biomedicine and health. Tools used in this area include computers, clinical guidelines, formal medical terminologies, and information and communication systems. The information systems used create better operating efficiencies in the three basic foundations of healthcare which are clinical, administrative, and financial. It also helps many physicians by giving them access to a wide medical knowledge database to make better and more accurate medical decisions.

Should a student choose to take this major, he/she will encounter the many information types that healthcare professionals encounter including knowledge based resources, clinical reports, patient medical records, diagnostic and therapeutic data, and communications among caregivers and patients. Students will learn how to use information technology to compile, access, and use this information to improve the proficiencies of healthcare service. Students will learn and understand the fundamental hardware and software concepts, operating systems, GUI environments and system development life cycles of medical informatics.

They will also learn about the change issues in healthcare environments, resource management such as inventory, tracking, and acquisition, and the role of policy formation. Other significant knowledge such as consumer issues, standards and security, and the provision of health information resources to healthcare workers will be covered as well before students move on to studying the application of healthcare informatics. Students will also explore the technical, organizational, and cost-benefit issues related to the field including clinical decision-support, integrated networking and distributed computing technologies, telemedicine applications, and artificial intelligence. With a good curriculum that offers a mixture of classroom lectures, group case studies, and computer laboratory exercises, students will be able to exercise and develop analytical skills for appraising health information systems. They will also acquire practical experiences in using biomedical research databases, desktop application software, and electronic communication systems. Most schools, however, require students to have basic or, better, advanced knowledge and practice in the Health Science field.

Study Image Processing and Neurocomputing

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Image processing is a very valuable component of engineering and the computer sciences. It is the processing of signals where an image is the main input while the output is a set of parameters and characteristics that are related to the original image that was input. Image processing is usually done in the digital realm although many analog and optical image processing compositions are also done. The field of image processing promises many career opportunities for would be image processing experts with the right background and training.

Over the years, image processing has developed into a very active discipline that has applications in many widely different fields. Image processing has very important uses in medicine, seismology, defense and armory, the magazine, newspaper, and web publishing fields, and of course the sports and entertainment industries. Image processing has become so advanced that images are no longer seen as just 2D functions, they are now seen as 3D (three dimensional) and even 4D (four dimensional) data arrangements.

A course in image processing is usually designed to introduce students to different theoretical concepts from basic to advanced levels. It also familiarizes them with the many practical issues that are related to image processing. Also inherent in this course is the training for the development of the student’s skills in analytical thinking and problem solving. Critical and intuitive image scrutiny is cultivated as well.

Careers in image processing include: Data Imagery Analyst, Document Control Specialist, Research Engineer, Medical Image Analyst, and many others. Because image processing is very valuable in many different fields, the number of career opportunities is numerous as well.

Associated with image processing is neurocomputing. In neurocomputing, relevant knowledge from many diverse fields such as psychology, computer science, and mathematics are brought together to help create a better understanding of the natural system of perception. Later on, this understanding is developed to be applied in the expansion and advancement of artificial systems of perception. Examples of artificial systems of perception for which neurocomputing are applied are: optical character recognition (OCR) machines and auto speech recognition machines. OCRs are made to react and work very much like the way the human eye does when it perceives lines and characters.

Courses in neurocomputing include subjects on mathematics that are relevant to the field such as linear algebra, basic and advanced statistics, and optimization theory. Computational methods such as computer programming and image and signal processing are also given due attention. The psychology of perception is engage with special emphasis on psychophysics, neuroanatomy, and neurophysiology.

Neurocomputing courses also include lectures on Pattern Recognition Theories and advanced artificial neural networks. This is reinforced by in depth discussions on machine or artificial vision and image processing as well as machine speech recognition which includes artificial speech processing and synthesis. Furthermore, computer knowledge representation is considered in order to have a better and deeper understanding of artificial intelligence. Finally, practical knowledge and actual experience on the subject is gained through appropriate research projects from which an in depth dissertation is written.

Just like in image processing, graduates of neurocomputing can expect to apply their knowledge in many varying fields of endeavor. The industries of information technology, engineering, finance, and education all have a great need for neurocomputing research and development.

Study Industrial Computing

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Study Information Systems Management

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Job positions for Information Systems Management:

Web Developer

Modern technology and Internet brought about easier and more convenient ways for information to be kept and passed through communication systems. This, in turn, brought changes in marketing as new strategies that emphasize the use of the Internet for publicity, service, and information gathering. This is where Information and Communications Technology professionals that specializes in web development come in. Many large companies and organizations employ more than a hundred web developers that design, improve, and maintain their official websites. Smaller companies, on the other hand, often have a couple of web developers or avail the service of a freelancing web developer just to set up their site on the web.

To be specific, web development focuses mainly on creating, coding, and building the framework of the website by using programming languages such as HTML, Java, C/C++, PHP, and PL-SQL. Web Developers, however, are expected to know at least the basics of other ICT specialization such as database programming, web design, and web application.

Database programming deals with connecting the website to the company’s or organization’s database system. When surfing the company’s website, a customer will search for information—files and facts about the company—which are all stored in the company’s database. Although Web Developers are not required to be database programmers, they are expected to know at least the basic knowledge in handling database systems.

Web Developers are different from web designers. The latter deals and focuses on creating and implementing creative presentations for the website, usually using markup languages (HTML, XHTML, and XML), style sheet languages (CSS and XSL), client-side scripting (JavaScript and VBScript), server-side scripting (PHP and ASP), database technology (MySQL), and multimedia technology (Flash and Silverlight). Web designers can use different web contents when designing websites. These contents include, but are not limited to, animation, authoring, corporate identity, graphic design, search engine optimization, and typography.

Web Developers should also have some knowledge on web application development. Web application developers use languages such as HTML, JavaScript, Java, etc. which are the same programming languages web developers use when coding the website. Website applications include, but are not limited to, online retail sales, wikis, webmail, online auctions, and many more.

Another responsibility that falls on the shoulders of a Web Developer is technical support. Although only a few problems concerning websites are known, web developers are always needed when upgrading webpage (from static, which only consists of texts, to dynamic where users can input their own content), adding more features and designs, embedding flash and other web applications, and correcting bugs.

ICT students who want to specialize in web development are expected to learn the different web languages such as HTML, XML, JavaScript, and CSS. Web development often requires knowledge in application software development. Students familiar with programming languages like Java (e.g. Java 2 Enterprise Edition and Java 2 Micro Edition), PHP, C/C++, and PL-SQL will have greater advantage when developing applications for websites.

Study Information Technology

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AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaBahrainBangladeshBelarusBelgiumBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBrunei DarussalamBulgariaCambodiaCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiaCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCyprusDenmarkDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGermanyGhanaGreeceGuamHaitiHondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKenyaKuwaitLatviaLebanonLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedoniaMaltaMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMoldovaMozambiqueNamibiaNepalNew ZealandNicaraguaNigeriaOmanPakistanPalestinePanamaPapua New GuineaPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalPuerto RicoRomaniaRussiaSamoaSaudi ArabiaSenegalSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainSudanSurinameSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTanzaniaThailandThe United KingdomThe United StatesTrinidad and TobagoUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUruguayVenezuelaVietnamYemen

Information Technology is used to term a large growing technological industry into simple words. To basically define it, it is the analysis, design, execution, support or administration of computer-based information systems, mainly software applications and computer hardware. It deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, guard, manage, convey, and retrieve information. To trace the beginnings of Information Technology systems, it can be categorized into four periods: premechanical, mechanical, electromechanical and electronic. The premechanical age was defined as the time period where basic input methods were used. This included writing and the alphabet, the development of papers and pens, books and libraries as permanent storage facilities and the first numbering systems which included the abacus. This was followed by the transition into the mechanical age were the first printing press was introduced. This era also gave birth to the term computer, simple computing devices and rulers and general measurements. The electromechanical age is predominated by the discovery of electricity and its use for communication. This era gave early beginnings to the telephone, telegraph, Morse code, the first radio and the earliest electromechanical computing devices such as punch cards. The electronic age, which started from the 1940’s up to today, began with the introduction of the first computer vacuum tubes. This period includes our present advancement in computers which includes the introduction of high-speed processors, operating systems, networking options and communication software. The branches of Information Technology are data or database management, information systems, computer science and engineering, computer programming, information security, cryptography (digital signatures), networking or the use of networks as communication, digital library (storage of information in computers), pattern recognition, data management, data storage, technology assessment (improvement of corporate computer systems), information technology infrastructure library, information technology governance, and telematics (integrated on the global positioning system).

A number of skills can be acquired and developed to be able to understand and work in the field of Information Technology systems, since it is a very large field of expertise and is categorized into different areas depending on the type of programming work done. These include UNIX programming, which is the main language of the internet and a crucial skill in the field of IT. JAVA is an object- oriented programming mainly used by web developers and once learned, it can be used to run in any familiar computer platform. Linux operating system is very much like the UNIX operating system that is used by corporations and this is mastered by those who want to work as system administrators. C++ programming is another high- level skill that one can develop to be a software engineer and it is widely used commercial applications. Perl programming is used in networking and web site development by system administrators. HTML or hypertext mark-up language is greatly used by web designers and can be easily learned and mastered. These and many more skills in the field of information technology are obtained by undergoing a formal training and certifications from the different qualified institutions in the field of technology.

Job positions for Information Technology:

Network Administrator

One of the leading careers in Information Technology systems is Network administration. A Network Administrator is a professional accountable for the maintenance and development of the computer hardware and software systems that makes up a network in a corporation or a company. This includes activities such as the operation, organization, analysis and monitoring of the active equipment being utilized.
The Network Administrator is at a higher to senior level in the technical support staff and is not primarily concerned with direct user technical issues. The Network Administrators main concern is the current status of the whole network which includes all users under it. The predominant task of the Network Administrator is to make sure that the network is secure, working at great performance level and that connectivity is maintained within the network infrastructure. As term implies, the Administrator controls the head of activities running within the network and under this officer, several technicians work to perform other small or direct user concerns. The Network Administrator also designs the network that is best suited to a corporation which means frequent rechecks and redesigning dependent on the user’s demands. Sometimes, the Network Administrator takes over the duties of a Network Engineer if the company is small and does not require much maintenance and design. The Network Administrator sees to it that there is hierarchal access to the network and security is maintained to the allowed level of access. The roles and responsibilities of Network Administrators actually vary from one company to another since there are different demands depending on the nature of work. They may be assigned to take care of authorization and authentication of access, company directory and computer-to-computer access. Often, it also includes the preservation of individual office machines and other technical facilities that have to maintain its connection to every computer involved in the work. It also deals with settings of different drivers, personal computers that vary from employee to employee and connectivity settings of the whole work area to one machine such as printers. If the network is undersized, the Network Administrator may also be in charge of the database, storage and file access.

To qualify for the job, a Network Administrator must be certified and must have undergone training in an official and recognized institution. Certificates are usually good for three years and can now allow one to apply for the job of a Network Administrator depending on the line one trained for. The aspiring Network Administrator must pass tests depending on their options and they must choose to take an exam for a professional or a specialist level. Network Administrators are usually highly compensated depending on the company, and most of them only perform administrative jobs and are considered professionals.

IT Project Manager

A career in Information Technology that requires, efficiency, experience and competence is project managing. Project managers are on a high demand, and companies or corporations are mostly in search for those who have a technical background and experience in their field of expertise. The primary job of a Project Manager is to manage resources for a large project that is needed by a company. Technically, this means large software developments for clients or the company, networking projects and projects that require coordination of resources for technology to be used in business and commerce. It is also their job to make certain that requirements set by the company are met, like time frame, funds, people and materials. It is also expected of them to meet the expected outcome quality of a project. Project Managers utilize different project management software to keep resources and project outputs coordinated.

Aspiring project managers generally have a degree, experience and expertise in their respective fields. Preferably, project managers may obtain special certifications by undergoing project management training. Most companies hire project managers that are familiar to the workload and requirements of the job, which is why project managers who have more experience are a plus. They are aware of the complicated nature of the job like time restraints, budgets, group tasking, division of responsibilities, and limitations of materials. As a project manager, one is still able to keep up with the new developments and trends in the technological advancements, since they can undergo frequent training and certifications while maintaining the management of a project in a company. Additional certifications also allow a project manager to branch into a wider network of projects and thus, give them more opportunities to gain experience for further practice of their profession. And greater opportunities mean better compensation for each project since the project manager becomes highly qualified and exceptional. The career of a project manager is divided into various levels and there is a considerable chance to be promoted for larger projects and larger responsibilities. Promotions can be as high as senior roles like Group Manager and Director and other high administrative positions. Some of the professional traits that a project manager must possess are: leadership, which includes being able to identify potential areas of improvement and being on the top in the industry. Teamwork, which means being able to perform as a team player and acknowledging the work effort of the whole team, since most projects are team- based. Client management, or to elaborate, the ability to interact with clients and be able to meet their expectations and raising their satisfaction level by the performance one has displayed. To be fully successful in this career, one must be competent in financial management, business development, communication and technical understanding. Usually an incorporation of all these would give a boost to one’s chances to get larger projects, higher compensation and eventually, a higher administrative position.

Study Information Technology Management

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Study Management Information Systems

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The overall development and intensive management of a company’s tools in information technology plays a vital role in assisting the executives and the entire workforce in their performance of any tasks which are related to business systems and information processing of Management Information Systems which are also specifically useful in collating business data and delivering reports which are means for the company’s decision making. Basically, MIS or Management Information Systems is a discipline which focuses on the incorporation of computer systems aiming to achieve the goals and objectives of the organizations.

Computers are widely used everyday, it is very essential in one’s day to day activities; in fact there is no single business nowadays which is not extensively relying on their IT infrastructures. In terms of Management Information Systems, it holds very invaluable roles in numerous specific fields. Given that computers alone cannot create effective business strategies, they have to be in close collaboration with the branch of management in order to create business strategies and be able to be effective in terms of decision making.

Management Information Systems are very useful in transforming raw data to very useful information in order to arrive to effective decision making, computers itself can also provide performance reports and financial statements which is useful in terms of planning, then monitoring and implementing business strategies. Moreover, it can also provide vital functions in collating logical uncontrollable volumes of data which are in fact no longer useful for decision making. By using the reports derived from MIS, the decision makers can then identify trends and patterns which in all probability will be left unseen if raw data were manually used.

At the same, Management Information Systems can be of used in running simulations of raw data. It can also provide forecasts regarding the effects of price alterations on sales of their products, the companies’ existing systems for decision support will be more effective with the aid of MIS because it ensures well informed and sound decision making across their business operations.

In terms of data processing, MIS does not only facilitate the collation of large amounts of raw business data, at the same time, this field also delivers saving time which totally benefits the workforce. In the past, business information must undergo manual processing for filing and further analysis, with the use of Management Information Systems, raw data can now be easily and be quickly entered to the computer by a processor, and thus allowing quicker reactions and faster decision making for the entire business.

The field of Management Information Systems delivers greater benefits to business in all industries. It can provide the important tools needed for a company to better gain concrete understanding of their markets thus leading to understanding their own businesses as well. MIS can also deliver improvement in reporting given that it allows streamlining the process of report production.

As a result for supply chain management improvement also comes with improved capability in reacting to the rapid changes of the market. Better and effective Management Information Systems is very efficient in enabling enterprises to quickly and effectively react with their internal and external environment, thus they are enabled to be on the lead against their competitors and thus produce better services.

Study Management of Information Technology

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Study Medical Computing

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Study Microcomputer Applications

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Study Microcomputer Specialists

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Study Network Security

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Network security is vital to any company, regardless of its size, as it encompasses all the actions taken to ensure the protection of the firm’s computer system. Any breakage in the network security system may lead to a hacker or competitor gaining access to crucial data, or even total loss of data and crashing of the system.

Usually it is the system administrator that is in charge of network security, and his or her tasks include building a firewall for the network; teaching other users how to safeguard their data and raise network efficiency; developing plans on how to protect company information from unauthorized use or theft; regularly assessing risks in order to ensure network security is up to date and constantly improved.

Personal Qualities

Very good IT skills are a natural prerequisite for being in charge of Network Security. Here are some other qualities you might explore:

  • Ability to think in a logical and analytical way
  • Be good at maths
  • Imagination and creativity
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Ability to communicate IT jargon in everyday language to people from other departments
  • Perform well both on individual tasks and as a part of a team
  • Not afraid of being in charge and accepting responsibility
  • Ability to adapt to new technologies

Study Options

To be responsible for network security, you would need a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field. Such a degree will equip you with further skills that include the design and implementation of software, the creation of programming languages, the employing and comparing of algorithms, the designing and building of computer systems, and many others. There are other degree options that you might pursue too, and examples are Network Engineering, Software Engineering, or laboratory research and development.

Because this is a constantly developing area, where new knowledge is gained all the time, a good move would be to research a university with up-to-date technology and faculty staff with industry experience. An institution with a reputation of innovation and continual advancement would be very suitable. Experience is extremely important in this field, for which reason you should pursue options for internships that will help you gain invaluable skills.

Last but not least, you should keep in mind that during your career you will need to frequently explore options for continuing education, workshops, and lectures if you wish to upgrade your skills to competitive levels.

Career Options

Career options with a background in computer science or a related field are very diverse. As already discussed, every company needs a system administrator and IT specialists to support its computer systems, and we also have to acknowledge the specialized IT companies in need of skilled professionals. Job offerings for such specialists seem to increase all the time, and these are some of the biggest companies with open job positions: Cisco, Microsoft Corporation, Google, Apple Computers, Yahoo, Amazon.com, etc.

These are some job titles that you can also look at: Systems Analyst – employing data modeling to find the best solution for the client and monitoring data flow to increase efficiency; Computer Tester – testing newly built systems; Data modeler; Network Engineer; Systems Administrator, and other related job titles.

Study Networking

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Facebook, Twitter, Friendster, MySpace, Flickr – does any of these ring a bell? Sure, the people of today’s generation, young or old, are hooked by the power of these networking sites. It was once almost impossible to locate classmates from decades ago, especially when people are separated by geographical boundaries. Thanks to computer networking - nowadays, the answer is but a click away!

The evolving global economy and business trends paved the way for greater and bigger demand of sharing information. It is almost unimaginable how one person can actually work in one country as if he is in another country – able to access the computer facilities that are light-years away, able to speak to people as if they are in front of you. Networking makes banking transactions possible; seeing TV programs feasible; online tutorial available; online flight booking doable; and a whole LOT more! More than its economic and business benefits, Networking allows people to personally connect to one another, disregarding the physical distance. That’s why instant messaging facilities, emails, phones, text messaging, and video calling are there.

Networking can be seen from the interconnection of two devices that are 5 meters away from each other (e.g., printer to your personal computer) to sending signals in a device in the outer space. Cool, isn’t it? But what is this networking thing that is said to make all these great things happen? Simply put, computer network is the interconnection of two or more computers that is done for the purpose of sharing information; and Networking is the process and technology behind the said interconnection. Choosing the appropriate design, topology, and materials to be used actually considers several factors – (1) size and location of network coverage, (2) people who will use the network, (3) availability of network materials, (4) purpose of the networking activity, and (5) budget. Network Engineers have the following terms built in their vocabulary, so to speak:

  • Local Area Network (LAN)
  • Wide Area Network (WAN)
  • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
  • Virtual Private Network (VPN)
  • Coaxial cable
  • Terrestrial microwave
  • Communication satellites
  • Bluetooth
  • Optical fiber
  • Ethernet
  • Wireless LAN
  • Radio waves
  • Infrared signals
  • Hubs, switches, bridges, routers
  • Star network, ring network
  • Client-server architecture and peer-to-peer architecture
  • Intranet. Extranet, Internet

Despite its benefits, just like any other things, networking has its cons – it makes ways for computer virus dissemination (which can be really detrimental, depending on the extent of the power of the virus) and fraudulent online transactions. Nonetheless, it all boils down on how this technology will be utilized by people using it.

Computer Networking is available as a 4-year degree program in most IT institutions and major universities anywhere in the world. Aspirants have to be tech-savvy and into innovations. This degree program is typically designed to teach students the following:

  • Designing a network
  • Creating network based on approved design
  • Choosing the appropriate materials, depending on several considerable factors as discussed above
  • Implementing network security. This is a very sensitive and crucial aspect. Security is non-negotiable. How would you feel knowing other people have all-access pass to your bank account?
  • Networking ethics. Students are taught about the ethical codes of designing and building networks.

IT-enabled companies are everywhere. Graduates of Computer Networking courses easily get employed in either IT companies per se or in IT-enabled industries (including government offices). Just as how the world needs accountants, doctors, and teachers, these industries need network engineers. The field of Networking will continue to expand its domain to serve the growing needs of the unstoppable IT and IT-enabled industries, of the global economy, of each individual of this generation, and of tomorrow’s folks.

Study Networking Engineering

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Study Office Automation

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Study Photoshop

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Study Research in IT

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Study Software Application Specialist

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Study Technical Computer Programming and IT

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Study Telematics

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Are you interested in telecommunications and seeking a degree path that would help you land a career in this exciting and rewarding field?  Have you considered pursuing a Bachelor of Science degree in Telematics Engineering?  A Bachelor of Science degree in Telematics Engineering is a degree now being offered by thousands of major colleges and universities around the world, and one that will qualify you to practice as a technical telecommunications engineer.  To help you become more familiar with this increasingly popular course of study, below we will provide a brief overview of the program, including a course description, an outline detailing some of the core and elective coursework you’re likely to encounter and some information regarding the eligibility requirements for admission into the program.
 
Bachelor of Science Degree in Telematics Engineering:  Course Description
 
The Bachelor of Science Degree in Telematics Engineering is an undergraduate-level program that typically spans four years in duration for full-time students.  Students enrolled in this program will be provided with a strong background in telecommunications and computer science, ultimately preparing them to design, implement and operate communications networks—including access point, transport, local area, sensors and wireless networks.  They will also be exposed to and gain expertise in the various associated telecommunication services and applications, including telephony, Internet, email, file sharing, online games and e-commerce, along with their appropriate security and quality-control mechanisms.  Graduates of the program will be able to apply these cross-cutting skills to the management of telematics projects in the communications, audiovisual, recreational, cultural, healthcare, public tourism, and the industrial and home automation sectors.
 
Bachelor of Science Degree in Telematics Engineering:  Coursework and Eligibility Requirements
 
Like all undergraduate programs, the Bachelor of Science Degree program in Telematics Engineering includes both core and elective coursework in addition to the general education requirements of the college or university.  These general education requirements generally include courses in mathematics, natural and physical science, English composition, languages, communication and speech, and social and behavioral sciences.  Core and elective coursework in the program may include classes such as:
 
  • Advanced Calculus
  • Fundamentals of Computers
  • Fundamentals of Electronics
  • Physics Principles
  • Renewable Energy
  • The Telecommunications Marketplace
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Introduction to TIC Engineering
  • Linear Circuits
  • Object Oriented Programming and Methodology
  • Digital Design
  • Electronic Functions and Systems
  • Probability, Stochastic Processes and Statistics
  • Introduction to Audiovisual Signal Processing
  • Network Applications and Services
  • Network Performance Analysis and Evaluation
  • And more…
 
The final semester of the program is generally reserved for the completion of a Bachelor’s thesis or a capstone research project.
 
To qualify for admission into the Bachelor of Science Degree program in Telematics Engineering students must possess at least a high school diploma or its equivalent and be able to demonstrate strong academic ability and aptitude in fields such as science, mathematics and technology.  Some institutions may also require students to take and pass an entrance examination prior to being considered for admission into the program.

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