Studies & Degrees in Social and Cultural studies

Choose the degree program you would like to study:

Aboriginal Studies African Studies Afro-American Studies American Indian Studies American Studies American-Arabic Studies Ancient Indian History & Culture Anglo-American Studies Antarctic Studies Arabic Studies Argentine Studies Asian Studies Atlantic Canada Studies Australian Studies Austrian Studies Baltic Studies Basque Studies Bengali Language and Literature Berber Brazilian Studies British Culture Buddhist Studies Byzantine Studies Canadian Studies Chilean Studies Christian Studies Colonial Studies Commonwealth Studies Contemporary Studies Costa Rican Studies Cuban Studies Cultural Studies Early Modern Europe East Asian Studies Egyptology Ethnicity, Race & First Nation Studies Ethnography Euroculture European Community Information European Studies Folklore Gender Studies Global Studies Hispanic Studies Human Behaviour in Social Contexts Indian Art Indian Civilization Indian Music Indian Philosophy Indian Styles of Dance Indigenous Studies Intellectual Property Intercultural Studies Islamic History and Culture Jaina Studies Jewish Studies Jewish-American Studies Language and Culture Latin American Studies Latino Studies Literary culture Medieval Studies Mediterranean Studies Metropolitan Studies Mexican Culture Mexican Studies Middle Eastern Studies Minority Studies Modern Greek Studies Modern Studies Moroccan Culture Multicultural Studies New Zealand Studies Pacific Studies Peruvian Studies Polish Studies Population Studies Puerto Rican Studies Recreation Studies Regional Studies Renaissance Studies Saiva Siddhanta Studies Samoan Studies Scandinavian Languages Scottish Studies Slavonic & Finno-Ugrian Studies Social and Cultural Analysis Social and Cultural Anthropology Social Studies South and South East Asian Studies Spanish Civilization and Culture Spanish Culture and Society Tamil Literature & Culture Tibetan and Himalayan Studies Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies Transition Studies Vaishnava Studies West European Studies Western American Studies Women’s Studies

Study Aboriginal Studies

Choose where you would like to study Aboriginal Studies:

AustraliaThe United States

Aboriginal Studies is a discipline that is primarily concerned with the culture and history of indigenous people, including their language, arts, literature and traditions. Colleges and universities offering this course would usually include Aboriginal Studies as one of the disciplines belonging to the Department of Anthropology and/or Linguistics. Scholars of this field are all encouraged to look at different concepts from varying perspectives and to regard their own thoughts and experiences from a different point of view. Through this, the program seeks to understand the customs and traditions of indigenous people while keeping a close look on mainstream culture.

The word aboriginal means ‘the first’ and has been used in the past by the English and the Italians to pertain to the people living in a place originally before newcomers or invaders came. In a global basis, Australia can be said to be the home of the aboriginal people because of the fossils that have been found in New South Wales predate evidences of men living in Europe by twelve thousand years. The problem regarding aboriginal culture is that much has been lost not only through the passing of time but also through attempts of colonization and invasion as well. Globalization and societal adaptation also play important roles in the preservation of the culture of the indigenous people.

In the same way that students of folklore seek to record and preserve oral traditions, scholars of Aboriginal studies are tasked with understanding and recording the cultures of indigenous people or aborigines even as they change to accommodate mainstream customs and culture before they get forgotten entirely. Scholars of this particular discipline are usually equipped with logical and creative minds in able to maintain a critical focus on their areas of study.

Aboriginal Studies, like most courses, offer different concentration courses that students could choose from, depending on the aspect of the cultures they want to focus on. Language, tradition and art are several concentration courses a student can choose from. This interdisciplinary program has quite a lot in common with cultural studies in that scholars of Aboriginal Studies focus on the cultural practices of a certain group of people and the meanings that the said people attach to their practices. But while cultural studies focus mainly on the interrelation of economics, the process of production and society, Aboriginal Studies have more to do with the existence of a subculture within a mainstream one and how they interrelate, influence and adapt to each other.

Students of this particular discipline would be expected to spend a lot of time in the field for their research and studies, as with folklorists, since first-hand observations of particular cultures are recommended for accurate studies. Graduates of Aboriginal Studies can seek to continue their research in their respective colleges and universities as instructors or professors. Some may choose to stay in the field, writing their findings for journals and books; while still others may choose to work as policy analysts for project or program administrations.

Study African Studies

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CanadaDenmarkEthiopiaGhanaIndiaJapanMoroccoNetherlandsNigeriaSpainThe United KingdomThe United StatesZimbabwe

The African Studies program covers a wide variety of subjects for the aspiring Africanist. The program looks into the various aspects of African life, from its history, culture, and present state. These subject matters include African music, dance, languages, literature, art, and architecture, only to name a few. A brief discussion of some follows, to give an overview of the course inclusions.

African music and dance have characteristic native musical and dance expressions that are still practiced and celebrated up to date. The pride of their culture, these musical and dance gestures are passed on from generation to generation by oral tradition. African music and dance are distinct, in terms of style, depending on the location – whether from North, Western, or sub-Saharan Africa – but most are practiced and are more visible in the sub-Saharan areas.

During the early days before colonization was widespread, there was a lot of interaction between the sub-Saharan people and the Muslims and Arabs. Trading of goods, wars, travel, and even spiritual beliefs or religion stimulated these relations. This is why African music and dance are partly influenced by those of Islamic and Arabic nature. Some instruments techniques were borrowed and adapted from these.

Although there are a lot of variations, the features nevertheless are unified characteristically in the sub-Saharan traditions. Practically anywhere in the continent, music and dance are included in their activities, whether the event is political, ancestral, recreational, or spiritual.

African literature is composed of all oral and written works created in Africa, even those not written in the continent’s indigenous language. Africa has a rich and diverse collection of oral literature, which has grown ever since the African societies were born and still continues to do so up to date. Majority of the written works are either derived or strongly influenced by the oral ones. A lot of these literary works convey Africa’s social norms of conduct, like their proverbs and riddles. Others, as their myths, folk stories, and legends, showcase supernatural beliefs and origins of a wide variety of occurrences and things. Some of these stories are actually truthful historical accounts.

African languages are those languages native to the African continent. There are roughly more than a thousand different languages are presently used in Africa. The most widely spoken languages in the African continent are Swahili and Hausa although Arabic is also extensively used. However, only small portions of the population, about a few thousand compared to others who go by the millions, speak a number of other languages. Only a handful of these African languages have written works, most of them have very old but highly conserved traditions of oral literatures.

Artists of African art and architecture, hail mostly from the south of the Sahara. The artists belong to an extensive range of African cultures; each has by its distinct language, traditions, and artistic forms. The influence of intercultural relations, from the trading systems, is largely apparent in African structures and art works. Basically, this is also why African art and architecture are so diverse in terms of style. Majority of these cross-cultural influences are Islamic, Arabic, and Egyptian. Just to illustrate, even today, Egyptian art and architecture still manifest this parallelism.

A majority of Africanists are presented with career opportunities in areas related to History, Anthropology, and Archaeology, among others. Some graduates prefer to be part of the academe as they join university faculties, while others choose to be part of research in the field.

Study Afro-American Studies

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ArgentinaIndiaThe United States

The 44th President of the United States, Barack Obama, is one of the black Americans who fit the description of an Afro-American or African American, being an American of African ancestry. His immediate family is the First Family of African American descent in the US. His father is from Lou, the third largest ethnic group in Kenya in Eastern Africa, one of the five regions of Africa, the second most populous continent in the world.

The word Afro-American originated through a long struggle of the people of Africa for recognition of their rights as citizens and their dignity as humans. They were called Africans when first brought to the US in 1600 and described as black at the end of the 17th century. Into the end of the 18th century, the black Americans began to seek ways of better referring to themselves in order for them to command respect and to shake off their oppressive experiences in the past. It was in 1890 when Afro-American was used as a term by an African American publication that advocated equality among the African American people in the US.

During the 20th century, the term African underwent changes in succession from colored to Negro or from Negro to black to emphasize heritage rather than color. The term Afro-American has lost some of its popularity in recent times but its place has been taken by the similar term African American which has also been popular since the 1980s. Currently Africans Americans, Afro-Americans or Black Americans all refer to the citizens or residents of the US, who have origins in any of the black populations of Africa.

Programs and departments on African American Studies began to be established in the 1960s in the wake of inter-ethnic and faculty activisms in various schools. From the first Black Studies program offered in 1968 at San Francisco State, various programs on Afro-American studies have been offered in various institutions apparently to provide students with a comprehensive knowledge of the African American experience, and an in-depth understanding of various aspects of African America, and to stress the importance of traditional values and institutions to the definition and meaning of modern African society.

In the Afro-American Studies, undergraduate, graduate and Master’s degree programs find their way to many colleges and universities. The most common areas of study include Contemporary Afro-American Society, Race in American Literature, Black Music and American Cultural History, Black Women Studies, African American Literature, African American History, History of Racial Protest Movements in America, Afro-American Art and Architecture, African Diaspora, African and Afro-American Linkages, Blacks, Film and Society, Black Feminisms, Mutual Perceptions of Racial Minorities, Race, Class and Social Conflict, Slavery in the American South, African American Families, History of Civil Rights Movements in the United States, History, Anthropology, Politics, World Arts and Cultures, Latin American Studies, and many other related areas.

Graduates of Afro-American Studies in both the undergraduate and Master’s degree programs face bright career opportunities in certain fields identified by some of the institutions themselves, such as policy-making and business management offices, academic institutions, basic research firms, law, foreign service, journalism, city planning, medicine, public relations, social work, performing arts, public health organizations, and medical anthropology. They are also well-qualified to be educational consultants, college instructors, community development officers, and public administrators.

Study American Indian Studies

Choose where you would like to study American Indian Studies:

IndiaThe United States

Captain John Smith’s visit in old Virginia paved the way for an encounter with the young Pocahontas in 1608. Perhaps, the good captain had an idea about the splendid life ahead of this legendary American Indian girl. Few years thereafter, Pocahontas also known as Rebecca Rolfe grew up to be a fine lady that captured the heart of the English settler John Rolfe who became her husband later on. Although she was renowned as the princess of the Chiefdom, she had to embrace westerners’ way of life after marriage hence her conversion to the Christian faith. Consequently, the infamous biography of Pocahontas is only a single facet of the interestingly complex studies of American Indian culture.

American Indians are believed to have settled in America back in Pre-Columbian period. Back then, people of Eurasian descent migrated to the Americas via land bridges which then settled in American lands. These indigenous people formed chiefdoms which became the basic political unit of small communities established. Cahokia was even founded in the regional level facilitating large scale tributary and trade that encompasses the Great Lakes stretching to the Mexican Gulf. Hunting is commonly the main source of livelihood hence the popular Clovis culture (big-game hunting) although women cultivated beans, maize, and squash. Upon the arrival of European settlers, some crops and yields as well as tools were introduced for further agricultural development.

As Native American culture has been influential to American history and culture, American Indian Studies comprise an interesting discipline in the academe. This particular area studies deal with the realm of indigenous people in North America at its entirety. No wonder, the study is comprehensive in nature covering culture, history, politics, economy, literature, sociology, and other related aspects. As a matter of fact, the Smithsonian Institution founded the National Museum of American Indian to showcase arts, culture, history, language, and literature of these indigenous people.

Attributed to wide ranging interest on American Indian Studies, the academe provided for relevant course programs on area studies. This field of study is accessible both in undergraduate and graduate schools. More often than not, it is placed under Bachelor of Arts program with specialization either in minor or major studies. Bachelor’s curricula include American Indian Studies, American Studies, and Native American Indian Studies. Graduate specializations consist of Master of Arts in American Indian Studies, Master of Arts in Indigenous Nations Studies, and Doctor of Philosophy in Indigenous Studies.

Career opportunities await American Indian Studies specialists. The Federal Government comprise an attractive employment niche for research and development efforts. In the same way, national governments dealing with these native societies can also tender occupational posts. Non-governmental organizations pursuing relevant area studies on this particular subject offer jobs to competent professionals. These include American Indian Science and Engineering Society, American Indian Movement, and National Congress of American Indians. Educational institutions likewise tender teaching professions to eligible degree holders who can share their expertise as more and more colleges and universities include pertinent academic courses. Most of the time, research function is commonly employed at work although administrative, supervisory, and discretionary tasks may apply in some cases.

Study American Studies

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DenmarkGermanyIndiaJapanNetherlandsPolandSpainThe United KingdomThe United StatesTrinidad and Tobago

A program for American Studies is offered not exclusively for Americans but also for other nationalities who are interested in knowing American life and culture and society. It is also offered not only in American schools but in other countries as well, notably the United Kingdom. The program is an academic discipline that examines American culture and the importance of American experience for the people in the United States. It also tries to examine the culture of the U.S. in international context, seeking to know how this culture interacts with the culture of other countries of the world.

An undergraduate program usually focuses on Anthropology, Biology, Art History, History, Literature, Environmental Studies, North American Studies, Sociology and Women’s and Gender Studies, and Jewish Studies. In Yale University, the program encourages the interdisciplinary study of the U.S. politics and cultures, and changing representations of its national identity. The university’s graduate program offers courses in American Literature, History, Arts and Material Culture, Philosophy, Cultural Theory, and Social Sciences. The requirements for admission to the graduate program include the successful completion of the first stage of the language examination, which is actually a research on the chosen language. In the Utah State University, the graduate program has courses in American Literature, American History, American Civilizations, with focus on philosophical themes related to the culture of the Americans.

A university in the United Kingdom offers a master’s degree program for American Studies for one year. The courses include Theories of American Culture, Struggle for Black Equality, Native American History, and American Foreign Policy Intervention in the Third World. Indiana University’s program explores the ways by which the culture of U.S. interacts with the culture of South America and Central America, and also offers specializations in Comparative Literature of the Americans, American Popular Culture, Histories of Race, and Film. In the University of Maryland, the program focuses on two distinct areas such as the culture of everyday life in the U.S., cultural constructions of identification, and has courses of study that include Literature and Society, Culture and Media Studies, and Sexuality. The specialties in the College of William and Mary include African American Studies, Literature, History, Visual Studies, and Cultural Studies. Indiana has another university—Purdue University—that offers a Ph.D. program on American Studies, which is considered as the most comprehensive in the U.S. as its curriculum emphasizes the importance of American Studies beyond the country’s national boundaries. The graduate program in the St. Louis University combines theory and practice with the development of skills in research design, critical analysis and writing.

Graduates of American Studies face job opportunities in educational administration, the academic community, libraries, museums, civic organizations, archives, public and private agencies, print and broadcast journalism, religious orders and ministries, and political institutions.

Study American-Arabic Studies

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ArgentinaIndiaThe United StatesYemen

If you are enrolled in a curriculum for Arab American Studies, you probably will know some of the notable 3.5 million Arabs and Arab Americans residing in the United States. They include Ralph Nader, former presidential candidate and a consumer activist; George Mitchell, former senator, Donna Shalala, Secretary of Health and Human Services during the term of U.S. President Bill Clinton; Helen Thomas, a noted White House reporter for the news wire agency United Press International; John Sununu, former New Hampshire governor; Christa McAuliffe, first teacher-astronaut who died when the space shuttle Challenger exploded in 1986; and Candy Lightner, founder of a movement called Mothers Against Drunk Driving. History says that they are part of the Arabic-speaking people and persons of Arab descent in the U.S. mainland.

Arabic speaking communities have been existing in the U.S. since many long years ago but no schools have offered a curriculum for Arab American Studies. This is so because many American schools have not yet acknowledged Arab culture and history. It was only after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that interest in Arab American Studies has been heightened. A study on Arab Americans in Detroit in 2003 provides information about their opinions and experiences since the attacks, and their trust and confidence in American institutions. According to the American Arab Forum, a non-partisan, non-sectarian organization, Arab Americans in the U.S. schools now represent more than 20 countries in the Middle East and Northern Africa, with some Muslim Arab American parents sending their children to private Muslim schools where they could receive education that is consonant with religious beliefs of their family.

Students of Arab American Studies can now find various guides and handbooks. They include Arab American Almanac, Arab American Bibliographic Guide, Annotated Bibliography on Arab American Experience in the U.S. and Canada, Arabs in America 1492-1977, Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, and Atlas of America’s Ethnic Diversity. These complement a formal Arab American Studies program in some colleges and universities that focus on diverse local, national and worldwide events that have inspired Arab immigration to American soil. In the University of Michigan, the program highlights Arab American cultural expressions, the importance of media and art to Arab American individuals and communities in the U.S., and the links between race, sexuality, class gender and religion. Its courses include an interdisciplinary study of Arab American histories, literatures and cultures, and why they hate the U.S., with perspectives on 9/11.

The University of Minnesota’s Immigration History and Research Center has established an endowment or the Arab American Studies Fund to preserve and promote the history of Arab Americans. An Arab studies program in the American University attempts to capture the heterogeneity, complexity and the importance of the Arab region through its different courses of study. An Arab American Institute claims to also promote active participation of Arab Americans in the U.S. electoral system.

Study Ancient Indian History & Culture

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IndiaThe United States

Ancient civilizations and cultures have always been a fascinating theme in the movies where archeologists’ knowledge of history usually saves the world. Perhaps, there are already a lot of Egyptologists so it might not be a good idea to take up Egyptian History but what one can do is take up Ancient Indian History and Culture as India was also one of the greatest ancient civilizations in the world.

Enrollees to this course must be prepared for tons of reading as it is basically a subject about chronicled events. But the tricky part here is that these chronicled events are not in simple letters but in Sanskrit, and so learning to read and write Sanskrit is imperative. Not being able to learn Sanskrit is like going to a war without a gun and so it is one basic requirement to be able to learn this ancient language where the Upanishads and the Gitas where written. This is not a dead language; by the way there are villages in India that still speaks Sanskrit so it should not be that hard to learn this important basic skill.  Archaeological concepts would definitely be taught here where students will be exposed to ancient temples, ancient coins used and other things that could give one an idea of which period one came from.

Studying Ancient Indian Civilization and Culture is not easy as it sounds because it’s not pure history because students will be exposed to the different religions and philosophical thinking of different periods as well. The hard part in this subject area is that Ancient India had not only one religion back then but there were several of them.

Another aspect to this course is its application to modern times such as tourism. So, it is not only pure history that the students will learn but this course would also equip students in tourism management. Tourism and archaeology are interrelated fields though totally different disciplines. In tourism, there are only two kinds of avenues where people come to visit a country, one is historical places and the other is where people can unwind like majestic beaches and breathtaking views like waterfalls and mountain tops. India being one of the oldest and biggest civilizations would certainly have lots of ancient ruins and temples. Perhaps, the Taj Mahal is doubtless that it is one of the most visited temples in the world but there are so much older temples in the India which people ought to take a look to really appreciate the grandeur of ancient India.

Along with tourism management, students would also be taught in museum management. Museum management is a whole different subject area. Although museums in India is not as appreciated yet as well in Europe, but ancient items needs to be taken cared of and showcased. Archiving and cataloging techniques, which are a science unto themselves, would be taught as one of the possible jobs graduates of this course would be is managing a museum.

Graduates of this course would definitely have lots of opportunities for them as they could be archaeologists, museum curators, writers, teachers and translators to name a few.

Study Anglo-American Studies

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IndiaSpainThe United States

A course in Anglo-American studies deals with the study of American culture pertaining to language studies in relation with film, media, art, literature, economy, culture and history. These days, anglo-american studies have gained a lot of recognition, since a degree from a US university is of great value around the world.  Most people think Anglo-American study is the learning of American civilization- which is more associated with US people and culture. The credit of starting Anglo-American studies goes to Vernon Louis Parrington.

There are various approaches to this type of study. Myth and symbol is one of them- that claims to obtain particular inveterate themes in US texts attempting to enlighten an exclusive American tradition.  Over the decades, the link between Anglo-American studies and other studies like pre-colonial studies, cultural studies, gender studies, and ethnic studies has been effective. These days, this type of study relates more to Americanization and globalization. It is basically an interdisciplinary course to learn American history and understand different causal factors, disciplines and elements and to test the multiplicity of institutions, ideologies, beliefs, ideas, and cultures that exist in America.

This type of study course examines many perceptions, expressions and developments of various subcultures and national culture, along with borderland cultures. By grouping American study courses with core seminars, foundational lecture courses and programs from related disciplines- candidates discover various factors of the American experience internationally, nationally and locally. All students pursuing a course or a degree in Anglo-American studies are required to spend some time understanding American political communities, built environments and material cultures

Course Requirements

Candidates looking to pursue a course in Anglo-American studies are expected to be of a literary temperament, with a keen interest in studying cultures and their development. They must either have extensive knowledge about the American culture or a curiosity about the same. This course is usually offered at the Master’s level to students of Language, History, Sociology or Anthropology.  Since courses in Anglo-American studies are usually only offered at accredited colleges and universities, students would be required to fulfill the admission requirements of the specific institution. 

Career options:

Career opportunities for individuals majoring in Anglo-American studies differ greatly, and success in career would depend upon the goals and interest of the candidate. Candidates holding a degree in Anglo-American studies can make a career in a broad range of areas, including non profit sector, government sector, education sector, and business. Several graduates prefer to work in the media industry, as editors for radio, television, magazines, and newspapers. Graduates of this course can also study further to become teachers and academicians or even go on to become researchers and authors.

Study Antarctic Studies

Choose where you would like to study Antarctic Studies:

IndiaThe United States

Although Antarctica seems to be an empty white desert to many, it is a green pasture to researchers. As a matter of fact, it has been dominated by scientific tourists searching for significant pieces of facts in wide variety of studies. These include astronomy, biology, geology, meteorology, oceanography, and related scientific studies. Who would have thought that this deserted piece of land mass became the hub of intellectual people?

Would you believe that Antarctic Studies is not a modern science? In particular, it is a classical science inspired by past researches. The series of explorations pioneered by Captain James Cook paved the way for in depth investigation of the place. In the mid-20th century, twelve countries converged for the Antarctic Treaty which aims to encourage experimental activities and environmental preservation. Through the years, many other countries supported its cause garnering a total of 46 signatories at the present.

History likewise best tells why the continent has been an attractive site to researchers. Intellectual accounts about Antarctica date back in the 1st century AD. It is believed that the present-day continent was then part of an enormous land mass known as Terra Australis that corresponds to its northern counterpart used to be comprised of Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Ptolemy even introduced the idea of geographic symmetry that assumes balance of major land masses. Later on, more transformation occurred such as the disintegration of the land mass into the present-day 14,000,000 sq km.

In furtherance of the various studies conducted, facilities and equipment have been established across the land. There are research stations utilized by over 4,000 scientists expected to make breakthrough experiments on their respective fields of study. As of 2006, there were thirty countries that maintain Antarctic research posts. Consequently, you can join the tough research communities in the continent given proper training and knowledge. There are absolutely more unexplored facts out there in store for dedicated researchers.

Antarctic Studies is but not a major study program. As a matter of fact, it is only offered as minor courses hence the 100-level and 200-level special programs. These include freshman and sophomore subjects such as ANTA 102 and 103 and ANTA 201 (Antarctica and Global Change) and 202 (Experiencing Antarctica), respectively. In particular, these are considered as short courses lasting for only six months. There is yet more to learn from this subject of study so undergraduates can opt for Postgraduate Certificate in Antarctic Studies which is inclusive of a trip to Antarctica. Other options are Postgraduate in Antarctic Studies and Master of Antarctic Studies. All these courses are in coordination with Gateway Antarctica hailed as the Centre for Antarctic Studies and Research.

There is a wide array of opportunities for people with Antarctic Studies background. These professionals are likely to work in Antarctica in various faculties of science such as astronomy, biology, environmental management. Career privileges are not confined within Antarctica being an international concern hence attractive non-Antarctic jobs are environmentalists, IT specialists, science technicians, global and local policymakers, etc. Indeed, the extensive impact and influence of Antarctica into the world ensures that Antarctic Studies is attractive to an array of social niches.

Study Arabic Studies

Choose where you would like to study Arabic Studies:

ArgentinaAustraliaCanadaDenmarkEthiopiaIndiaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United States

Bachelor of Arts in Arabic Studies is a comprehensive program that involves course works and requirements in history, culture, literature, language, geography of the Arab world and its politics. Students taking the course are required to learn a specific Arabic language to effectively blend and communicate with the Arab people—with special consideration of the Arab culture. The program’s curriculum provides students with fundamental education on Arabic language along with the key issues linked to learning Arabic as a foreign language. Graduates of Arabic Studies can pursue further education and choose their area of specialization (e.g. applied linguistics or theoretical linguistics and literature) as they take M.A. and Ph.D. Moreover, the undergraduates become qualified in earning their master’s not just in Arabic Studies but Persian Studies and Turkish Studies as well wherein in-depth learning of the languages and cultures of the Arab world is highly emphasized.

Students who completed the course will not simply be proficient in Arabic language but their knowledge about Arabic culture will be advanced and absolutely essential. They are trained to become critical thinkers and effective leaders as they receive positions in teaching, research, and language studies. They are also qualified to work with other professionals and business organizations in the Arabic countries as their foundation in the understanding of Arabic culture, religions, customs, and language of the areas is compelling enough. Students are open to diverse career choices and some of the opportunities that await them are careers in diplomatic service, policy-making positions and ministries, NGOs that conduct development cooperation projects, and other international organizations that promote cultural tourism within socio-cultural sectors.

As educators immerse their students with the modern Arabic language expressed in both written and spoken form, students will be able to get informed about the region’s current trends in culture, business events and conditions, and issues concerning political and economical sectors since all play a huge role in shaping the modern Arab countries. More importantly, students will receive quality education and learning opportunities in determining crucial information of Islam religion. This religious study will equip every student with the right knowledge concerning the religion and its role in modern and historic Arab culture. Naturally, students will be taught and given a firm and better understanding of present-day developments in the Middle East by knowing and learning its historical background that is directly linked to Islam religion—from the beginning of the Islamic period to the present.

Knowledge in Arabic Studies provides every student with a sea of career opportunities. The Arab world has been distinguished from other regions of the world and students with a degree in Arabic Studies are high in demand. Organizations like government agencies, development programs, human rights advocacies, public relation departments, organizations for cultural affairs, business corporations, and even financial institutions look for professionals who have satisfied the requirements needed in becoming a learned practitioner, researcher, and managers among others.

Certainly, practical experiences and better compensation and benefits are easy to earn when one earns a degree in Arabic Studies—have a good look at the course curriculum to know better.

Study Argentine Studies

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GuatemalaIndiaThe United States

Did you know that Argentina is the largest Spanish speaking nations by land area? No wonder it is also regarded as the eight largest country in the world with territorial land extending to over 2.7 million sq km. Although endowed with enormous territorial scope, the nation is nonetheless economically competitive topping Latin America’s per capita GDP of over $600 billion. As a State, it has been recognized by the United Nations in international affairs hence its participation in the Operation Uphold Democracy in Haiti as well as subsequent membership in the United Nations Security Council. Consequently, all these and more comprise the comprehensive scope of Argentine Studies.

Argentina has an interesting etymology that best describes its reputation as the gem of South American States. In particular, the word Argentina was derived from the Latin word Argentum which means silver. The designation has been used way back in the early 17th century by Martin Del Barco Centenerra. In the same way, the demonym Argentine has been commonly utilized in reference to the homeland such as Argentine Confederation, Argentine Republic, and Argentine War of Independence. These designations even appeared in historical literature such as the Argentine Constitutions and Argentine National Anthem.

Argentine Studies as a subject matter deals with the overall facets of Argentinean way of life. As another discipline of area studies, it is concerned with cultural, historical, political, geographical, economic, and linguistic attributes of the Argentine nation. In effect, it is interdisciplinary in nature encompassing sociology and humanities not to mention some other related disciplines. More often than not, the inquiry is intended for extensive yet in depth research studies to better understand the Argentinean society. For instance, it can bridge towards understanding the impact of colonization to present-day Argentina. Also, it can explain how Argentineans manage to secure high quality of life amidst global financial conditions. Furthermore, the international community has so much more queries intended to be resolved within the realm of Argentine Studies.

Many different academic opportunities await those who are interested in Argentine studies. More often than not, relevant courses are incorporated in Latin American Studies. These may include undergraduate academic courses such as Argentine Literature, Argentine Business Culture, and Argentine Cultural History. In the same way, there are relevant graduate courses under post graduate curricula such as Master n Latin Language and Literature, Master in Latin American Studies, and Doctor of Philosophy in Spanish. There are also some graduate programs specializing in Argentine studies such as Master of Argentine Literature at Universidad Nacional de Rosario in Argentina.

Argentine studies specialists are confronted with an array of employment privileges. The national government of Argentina comprises an attractive career niche to eligible professionals for its many different projects under the Ministry of Communication and Culture. In the same way, professionals can land jobs in non-governmental organizations conducting researches on history, language, and culture of Argentina, Latin America, and South America. Multinational companies planning to establish branch offices in Argentina are likely to hire Argentine business culture experts for consultation purposes. Educational institutions can also offer teaching posts to competent degree holders who can handle classes on relevant academic courses.

Study Asian Studies

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AustraliaCanadaDenmarkEcuadorIndiaIrelandJapanNetherlandsRussiaSpainSwedenThe United KingdomThe United States

A degree in Asian studies provides a very good insight into Asian culture, languages, history, politics, economics, and business opportunities. This is not necessarily a degree to dictate your career, but it can definitely equip you with some invaluable skills and knowledge of the region, which could provide excellent job opportunities, or lead to further study in law, business, or medicine.

Gaining an understanding of the Asian region would mean you would also be able to speak a few languages, which is highly valued in the business, political, and educational world; it immediately gives you access to more sources of knowledge. Asian studies can also lead to being involved in international relations, museum studies, or tourism management. This is a degree that is definitely going to broaden horizons and open doors to a very wide range of options.

Personal Qualities

If you consider undertaking a degree in Asian studies, most probably you already have some connection to the region, or have a special aptitude towards its languages and culture. Curiosity, open-mindedness, and good communication skills are some of the qualities you might need, together with:

  • Research and writing skills
  • Ability to clearly express ideas and form concepts
  • Respond well to work under pressure
  • Analytical skills

Study Options

When choosing a degree program in Asian studies, you should carefully consider your future career options. With this in mind, you can decide to either take it as a major, or as a minor degree, combining it with some other interesting option like international development, translation, business administration, tourism management, library science, or journalism.

You should also take into account the fact that most Asian Studies programs concentrate on a few countries, for instance China, India and Japan. A university that offers study abroad options to one or more of these countries, combined with an internship to gain an all-round experience of language, culture, political and business atmosphere would be the best choice for your future development. You can also consider undertaking volunteer work during summer brakes, as getting to know these countries from the inside will surely make a difference in your personal and professional growth.

Career Options

As the program of Asian Studies is not highly specialized, career options are very wide and greatly depend on your interests, skills, and ambitions. As we discussed already, you can either proceed with a master’s degree in another subject, or consider some of the following job titles and professions:

Translator/Interpreter; Customs Officer; Immigration Program Officer; Advertising Copywriter; ESL Instructor; Conference/Event Planner; Call Center Agent; Tour and Travel Agent; Development Officer; Foreign Language Intelligence Analyst, and many others.

Prospective employers are Government Departments, Market Research Firms and Advertising Agencies; Museums and Historic Sites; Art Galleries; Social Service Agencies; Non-profit organizations; Multi-Cultural institutions; Financial institutions, etc.

Study Atlantic Canada Studies

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AustriaCanadaIndiaThe United States

This worthwhile endeavor enhances ones understanding of what the subject of study would demand. Atlantic Canada Studies pursues students develop treatment for two or more different subjects within the realm of the specialized courses: Regional Culture, Political Economy, and Resources Development. It is beneficial to the learners when the end justifies the applied effort in the pursuance of this prescribed course of study.

Atlantic Canada Studies strives to introduce problems and issues from the standpoint of a developed mind so that a student would know Atlantic Canada in a universal situation. The basic framework for the study involves: 1. Physical setting; 2. Culture; 3. Economics; 4. Technology; and 5. Interdependence, incorporating the programs History and Politics.

Physical Setting

Atlantic Canada is a beautiful region that has a unique physical setting and remarkable attributes. People in the area can easily interact with its climate design and weather fashions which concern their life situations and their evolution to modern circumstances.


This structure investigates the theory and beliefs of culture. It also studies the present-day cultures in Atlantic Canada, the reasons of the emergence of such culture, the events that made the cultural, linguistic, and ethnic groups of the region. In the study, the mixtures of culture, the relations between the manner of living of the people and culture, and the method of which the process of continuous cultural change are examined.


The daily lives of the Canadian populace as well as the students are dependent on the nation’s economy. This is the basic standard that is considered in every local, national, and global economic relation where entrepreneurship, the different sectors of the economy, and important economic problems contribute to the attainment of the goals.

The student should examine and explain how the basic economic theory serves as a pillar to society, and the nation’s existence. They should assess the significance of business ventures and examine the contributions of the sectors to the economy. The students should be able to present and illustrate an understanding of business and other economic connections among Atlantic Canada and other communities worldwide.


Students should examine the broad and the past applications of technology. It well deserves to know the effect of technology on the standard of living and the employment of the populace; the role of technology in transportation, industry and manufacturing, and communications including the home and community life. As a theme, the student should learn the extensive character of technology where he can utilize its whole program. He should be able to develop a theory and its application regionally and universally. Whereas technology is a resource in every aspect of the community’s life including its industries, the student should analyze and evaluate its effect to the whole region.


This is not only applied within the realm of the community but instituted with the concept and execution of global cooperation. This theory is imbued throughout the theme of the study. Interdependence should be observed in many different proportions that affect the global community and Canada.

The students’ grasp on the interaction of people with their physical environment which creates a refined society is essential. The attitudes and skills that the students possess develop the long and comprehensive discipline with the Atlantic Canadian Studies.

In return, what has been learned in the study creates a full understanding of the region, its society and its development. Graduates could use the processes and plan the solutions to the problems that include language, mathematical, and scientific concepts.

Study Australian Studies

Choose where you would like to study Australian Studies:

AustraliaIndiaThe United KingdomThe United States

Are you looking to pursue an interesting degree, something out of the norm that combines your love of history, sociology and cultural studies?  Have you considered pursuing an undergraduate degree in Australian Studies?  The Bachelor of Arts Degree in Australian Studies will provide you with a unique opportunity to explore and gain a greater understanding of the “land down under”—to become more familiar with Australian history, culture and society.  To illustrate this, below we will provide a synopsis of the Bachelor of Arts Degree program in Australian Studies, including a brief course description, a sample of the coursework and topics you’ll study, and the eligibility requirement for admission into the program.
Bachelor of Arts Degree in Australian Studies:  Course Overview
The Bachelor of Arts Degree in Australian Studies is a four-year undergraduate program that is now being offered by hundreds of colleges and universities throughout the country and world.  By exploring the history, culture and society of Australia, this course of study exposes students to a wide range of Australian issues and concerns, including the environment, gender identity, politics, the shaping of cultural icons and institutions and pressing issues among the Indigenous populations. 
Some of the aspects of Australian life and culture that are covered in the program include:
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Australian political allegiances and background
·      &a mp;n bsp;  The aesthetic and imaginative experiences of Australians
·      &a mp;n bsp;  The diverse histories and sociologies of the Australian people
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Issues of identity and governance together with ideas such as mate-ship and egalitarianism
The B.A. program in Australian Studies examines the history and culture of Australia not merely from a local perspective, but in an international context, enabling students to critically analyze how different people and areas of study approach the task of understanding the shifting ideas Australians have held about history, identity and tradition over the years.  The course plays a key and very significant role in the development of an informed and critically engaged citizenship, and fosters a sense of analytical and creative engagement with Australia in its relationship with the rest of the world.
Bachelor of Arts Degree in Australian Studies:  Coursework
The coursework for the Bachelor of Arts Degree program in Australian Studies features both core and elective classes.  Initially students will be introduced to Australian Studies through the course Australian Legends, a course that takes key themes in Australian myth—the Fatal Shore, the Bush Legend, the Lucky Country, etc.—and examines their modern usages in advertising, politics and pop-culture.  Other topics covered in the coursework include:
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Australian Literature
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Australian Cinema and Television
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Australian History I (1788-1900) and Australian History II (1900-present)
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Aboriginal Australia
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Australian Surface Environments and Landforms
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Australian Foreign Policy
·      &a mp;n bsp;  And more…
To qualify for admission into the Bachelor of Arts degree program in Australian Studies students must possess at least a high school diploma or its equivalent.  Most universities also require students to take an entrance examination prior to being admitted to the institution.

Study Austrian Studies

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AustriaIndiaThe United States

Described as Eastern Borderlands, “Austria” happens to be the Latin translation of such informal designation. Such national identification was only recorded in the 12th century while the German counterpart “Österreich” has been documented since 996. As a matter of fact, the Ostarrichi document containing the term was imperative to the foundation of the national identity. The institution of the First Austrian Republic though came after centuries, specifically in 1919. This era marked the end of German colonization after World War I courtesy of the Saint-Germain-en-Laye Treaty. Unfortunately, independence did not last long because of the Civil War thereafter. At the end of another historical war, World War II, the country finally regained national liberty. Consequently, the comprehensive Austrian Studies cover these historical pieces.

Austria is a landlocked nation lying close to the Alps, thereby encompassing the northern, southern, and central eastern regions of the great mountain. In turn, it is characterized by temperate climate dominated by the Alpine climatic condition, hence the cold winter and relatively warm summer. Although the national setting is predominantly mountainous, the State is nonetheless industrialized, being home to globally competitive industries. It is no wonder that it is regarded as the 12th richest country in the world based on per capita GDP. Austrian economy likewise ranked 4th among other nations in Europe, making it a proud member of the European Union. As another European power, it was able to excel in many other fields apart from robust economic standing. This was made possible by the remarkable contributions of great Austrian people in arts, architecture, cinema, literature, philosophy, science, music, etc.

Austrian Studies comprise a significant facet of areas of study, and are interdisciplinary in nature. In this case though, research is lodged in the distinctive geographical region of Austria. More often than not, inquiry is concentrated on the humanities and sociology of Austrian communities. Nonetheless, it includes in depth investigation of culture, geography, history, literature, language, politics, and matters related to Austrian society. Furthermore, this faculty has various counterparts such as Dutch Studies, German Studies, Scandinavian Studies, Slavic Studies, and Russian Studies. All these faculties inclusive of Austrian Studies comprise the extensive scope of European Studies.

Noteworthy contributions of Austria to the international community, particularly to the European Union, have drawn interest on Austrian Studies. As a result, the academe provided for relevant course programs, both in graduate and undergraduate schools. Most likely, relevant courses are integrated in European Studies, such as Austrian Culture, Austrian Language, and Austrian Literature. Furthermore, there are also Bachelor’s degree programs on Austrian Studies, German and Austrian Studies, and German Language and Austrian Studies. In the same way, graduate curricula under international relations include Master of Austrian Studies, Master in Central European Comparative Studies, and Doctor of Philosophy in German and Austrian Studies.

Career opportunities await Austrian Studies specialists worldwide. The highly stable economy of Austria merited the attention of potential investors that are likely to seek for experts’ opinion regarding the prevalent business culture. National governments under constant political or trade engagement with Austria may hire eligible personnel for proposition and negotiation functions. Another attractive employment niche comprises the research and development efforts conducted by non-governmental organizations. As a matter of fact, academic institutions maintain research institutes within the campus, such as the Centre for Austrian Studies (University of Minnesota), the Centre for Austrian Culture and Commerce (University of New Orleans), and Central European Comparative Studies (Charles University). These universities can also tender teaching posts to competent degree holders on the subject matter.

Study Baltic Studies

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IndiaMexicoRussiaThe United States

History is testament to the role assumed by certain bodies of water in the survival of ancient civilizations. In particular, the Baltic Sea was instrumental in the development of Baltic Societies since the rise of Roman Empire. The abundant waters provided livelihood to local dwellers harvesting fish. Not just that for it is also rich in amber particular on the Southern shores. More likely, these are traded with merchants in favour of some other items from neighbouring countries. No wonder, the Baltic region has been inimical to progress of European Trade in the present. Export of Russian Petroleum, for instance, relies on the Baltic Sea as its main trade route.

Thriving back to back with the Baltic Sea is the pool of Baltic States consists of national communities located along the coast. More often than not, these countries hold memberships in the Council of the Baltic Sea States established to respond on five priority areas of development such as economy, education and culture, energy, environment, and civil security alongside human dimension. Enlisted countries are further categorized either as member states or observer states. Among others though, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania represent this particular grouping of States hence the dominant languages are Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian. In the same way, these three comprise the Baltic Tigers of the European Union attributed to the economic boom successfully encountered in the 21st century.

Baltic Studies comprises another division of area studies utilizing the interdisciplinary approach of inquisition. Consequently, this field of study encompasses academic facets relating to the humanities and sociology of the Baltic States. In other words, it deals with an array of subjects such as Baltic arts, culture, geography, history, language, literature, philosophy, politics, sociology, and many other related disciplines. The comprehensive scope further extends to three major Baltic constituents such as Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. As a result, Baltic studies branch out to equally interesting faculties consist of Estonian Studies, Latvia Studies, and Lithuanian Studies.

For Baltic studies, the academe offers many relevant course programs. In fact, it is tendered both in graduate and undergraduate schools in colleges and universities such as University of Latvia, University of Tartu, and University of Washington. Relevant bachelor’s degree programs include Baltic Studies, Baltic Management Studies, and Baltic Language and Literature Studies. Graduate specializations consist of a Master in Baltic Sea Region Studies, a Master of Political Science in Baltic Region Studies, and a Doctor of Philosophy in Scandinavian Area Studies. Short courses may also be offered such as Certification programs in Baltic Studies.

Employment privileges await Baltic Studies degree holders worldwide. Research pursuits comprise an interesting career niche to competent professionals. Academic institutions are also home to pertinent projects such as Centre for Baltic Studies (University of Tartu), Baltic Studies Summer Institute (University of Washington), and Centre for Baltic Studies (University of Latvia). Non-governmental organizations like the Institute of Baltic Studies dedicated to research and development efforts for improvement of public policy may generate job opportunities. Also, national governments dealing with Baltic States are likely to hire specialists for proposition and negotiation purposes.

Study Basque Studies

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IndiaSpainThe United States

The Basques refer to an ethnic group primarily living in an area known as the Basque Country. Called vascos in Spanish and basques in French, it is the oldest surviving ethnic group in Europe of unknown origin, and is located around the end west of Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay, and sprawls between southwestern France and north-central Spain. The country consists of the Basque Autonomous Community populated by some 2.12 million people, 1.52 million of whom are Spanish and 150,000 French. A devout Roman Catholic in religion, the country has produced prominent figures in the persons of St. Ignatius de Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus, and missionaries St. Francis Xavier and Michel Garicoits.

The Basque Country is considered as an important subject of study in many institutions of learning. This is partly because of the unknown origin of its people, including their language Euskara, which has no connection to any language family anywhere in the world. But some descents of the Basque people are said to be the earliest settlers in Western United States and played a key role in the development of some U.S. states such as Idaho, Nevada, Arizona, Oregon, Wyoming and California. The Boise State University in Boise, Idaho, has put up a program of study on the language, culture and history of the Basque people. A minor in its Basque Studies program complements the major field of concentration in the humanities, arts, and social sciences while the program itself completes the study of the Basque Country.

The University of Nevada Reno in Reno, Nevada operates a Center for Basque Studies offering such courses as Modern Basque History, Basque Linguistics, Basque Literature, Basque Culture, Language and Society, Basque Gender Studies, Basque Social and Political Institutions, Basque Diaspora, and Basque in Contemporary European Culture, among others. The University also administers three scholarships for its full-time students of Basque Studies. They are the Dolores Saval Trigero Scholarship, the Peter Echeverria Scholarship, and the Gilbert and Marie Ordoqui Scholarship. The University of Birmingham in Birmingham, United Kingdom offers a Basque Studies program under its Department of Hispanic Studies in Basque modules of Basque Language and Culture, Advanced Basque Language, Basque Society and Culture, and Basque Language Level 2. The University considers the Basque or Euskara language as important because of possibilities for students to have access to ancient culture through the study of the language that is very different.

While the Society of Basque Studies in America supports a Doctoral degree program in Basque Studies at the University of Nevada Reno, focusing on dissertation research rather than instruction in the classroom, the Cenarrusa Foundation of Basque Culture preserves and connects the Basque Community and the outside world through projects and research, and by being involved in the operation of a Basque Studies program at the Idaho’s Boise State University.

The Basque Country itself operates the University of Basque Country in Northern Spain, which maintains campuses in three provinces in Bilbao, San Sebastian and Vittoria-Gasteiz, and offers 78 degree programs, 1,300 subjects of study to some 48,000 students, and using the Basque language in the study of 43% of its courses.

Study Bengali Language and Literature

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IndiaThe United States

Are you interested in studying the language and literary contributions of the southern Asian people, particularly those from the country of Bangladesh?  Have you considered pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in Bengali Language and Literature?  The Bengali language, which is spoken throughout Bangladesh and in parts of India, is the first language of over 200 million speakers throughout the world and makes for a very fascinating field of study.  To illustrate this, below we have compiled a brief synopsis of the B.A. degree program in Bengali Language and Literature—the course content, class titles, etc.—and listed some of the typical prerequisites for admission required by the colleges and universities that offer the program.
Bengali Language and Literature:  About the Program
The Bachelor of Arts degree program in Bengali Language and Literature is a four to five-year course of study now being offered by colleges and universities throughout the world.  Like most undergraduate fields of study, the program consists of both general education classes and core classes—classes that are directly related to the major discipline.  The general education component may vary depending on the university, but it typically consists of coursework in subjects such as mathematics, composition, language, natural and/or physical science, social, cultural and behavioral studies, speech, health and physical education.  These prerequisites may be taken prior to beginning the core coursework, but in most programs, students are urged to take them concurrently with the core classes, thus offering them a more balanced field of study throughout their time at the university.
Core classes in the program deal directly with Bengali language and literature, and may include titles such as:
  • Bengali Language 1
  • Bengali Language 2
  • Modern Bengali Texts
  • Directed Readings in a South Asian Literature or Culture (Bengali)
  • Directed Readings in the Literature of a Modern South Asian Language
  • And more…
The course content for the B.A. program in Bengali Language and Literature aims to impart to students the basics of the language and introduce them to the literary contributions made by Bengali authors during various periods of history.  Among other things, students will learn that the Bengali language, known locally as “Bangla,” is the national and official language of Bangladesh and recognized regionally in parts of India.  With over 200 million speakers worldwide, the Bengali language ranks as one of the top ten languages in the world in terms of the number of speakers. 
Students will also be introduced to the various dialects of the Bengali language, beginning with the standard colloquial form called “Suddha” or “pure Bengali,” the most common dialect and the form used primarily by Bengali authors in their literary works.
When studying the literature of the Bengali people, students will be introduced to works divided into three distinct periods in history:  Old Bangla (1000-1300 AD), Middle Bangla (1350-1800) and Modern Bangla (1800-present).  From the oldest known work called Caryapada, a manuscript of Buddhist songs dating back to 1000 AD, to the works of author Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), who won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913, the study of Bengali literature is filled with rich traditions and spellbinding prose.

To qualify for admission into the Bachelor of Arts degree program in Bengali Language and Literature students must possess a high school diploma or its equivalent.  Most undergraduate programs do not require any prior study in the Bengali language, but students with at least some familiarity with the language and strong reading and writing skills are typically best suited for this program.

Study Berber

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IndiaThe United States

Are you a graduate student with a strong interest in the Berber people and languages?  Have you considered pursuing an advanced degree through which you can advance your knowledge of the Berber region and its people and gain valuable Berber language skills?  If so, you may be a perfect candidate for the Master of Arts degree program in Berber Studies.  To help you become a bit more familiar with this course of study, below we will describe some of the specifics with regard to the Master of Arts degree program in Berber Studies, including a course description, a sample of the topics and information you’ll encounter while earning this degree and the eligibility requirements for admission into the program.
Master of Arts Degree in Berber Studies:  Course Description
The Master of Arts Degree in Berber Studies is a graduate level program open to most students who possess at least an undergraduate degree.  The program, which typically spans eighteen months to two years in duration for full-time students, is designed for students who want to increase their knowledge of the Berber people and region, and advance their language skills, either for personal enhancement or to further their professional prospects.  Students will study the area of North Africa west of the Nile Valley, the area in which the indigenous ethnic group known as the Berbers is concentrated.  They will also learn specifics of the Berber language, along with all of the local varieties of it, which together form the Berber branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family.
Master of Arts Degree in Berber Studies:  Course Content
The course content for the Master of Arts degree in Berber Studies focuses mainly on the Berber people and society and the various languages spoken in this region.  As mentioned briefly above, the Berbers are the indigenous ethnic group of North Africa, concentrated west of the Nile Valley, and can be found from the Atlantic Sea to the Siwa oasis in Egypt, as well as from the Mediterranean to the Niger River. For centuries they have spoken the Berber language—a language that has several varieties and dialects, although today, many varieties of Maghrebi colloquial Arabic are now spoken by a large portion of Berbers, in addition to the Berber language itself.
Students in the Master of Arts Degree program in Berber Studies will concentrate their studies on the various regions in which the Berber-speaking peoples have lived throughout history, but mostly on the areas they inhabit today.  By far, the highest concentration of Berbers is in the countries of Algeria and Morocco, although there are smaller Berber-speaking populations scattered throughout the countries of Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania, Mali and Niger, along with large migrant communities nestled throughout Europe.
From a linguistic standpoint, students will learn that Berber is a branch of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages—a language that can be traced to ancient times.  While there are dozens of varieties of the Berber language, the main focus of the program is placed on the standard variety called Tamazight.  This push to unite all the varieties into a single standard language was borne from an ongoing movement designed to promote a more defined Berber identity.  The name Tamazight, originally the native self-name of the Berber varieties of the Atlas and Rif regions, is being increasingly used for this “Standard Berber,” and even for Berber as a whole.
Berber Studies:  Eligibility Requirements
To qualify for admission into the Master of Arts Degree program in Berber Studies students must possess at least a bachelor’s degree in the same or similar field, with a 2.5 grade point average or better in all required coursework.  A minimum of three letters of recommendation are also required, as is a personal interview with program faculty at certain institutions.  Depending on past academic performance, some students may also be required to take and pass an entrance exam prior to being considered for admission.

Study Brazilian Studies

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DenmarkIndiaThe United KingdomThe United States

Why Brazil has become a focus of a program of study in many institutions of learning can be explained by the following facts: (a) It is the largest country in South America, and the 5th largest country in the world by both land area of 3,287,597 sq. miles (8,514,877 sq. km.), and population of 190,732,694 as of 2010, (b) It is the only Portuguese-speaking country in the Americas, and the largest lusophone or Portuguese language-speaking country in the world, (c) It was colonized by Portugal, a much smaller country, and (d) It is the world’s 3rd largest producer of aircrafts. A country guide can provide you with more information about the country quickly but probably not as thorough and comprehensive as those you will gain engaging in a real study of Brazil they call Brazilian Studies in formal educational institutions.

The Brown University in Providence in Rhode Island, United States, has established a Department of Portuguese and Brazilian Studies dedicated to research and teaching of subjects related to Portuguese-speaking countries led by Brazil, that include the immigrant communities in the U.S. The Department offers both undergraduate and graduate programs in Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, with the undergraduate courses focused on the Portuguese on the Portuguese-speaking world, and grouped under Language and Literature and Interdisciplinary areas. The graduate degree programs lead to a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, and to a Master’s degree in Brazilian Studies, Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, and in Portuguese Bilingual Education and Cross Cultural Studies.

The Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) has been established in the U.S. apparently to run Brazilian Studies programs in major American universities. Some of these universities are the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania, Georgetown University in Washington DC, and the University of Chicago in Chicago. The Brazilian Studies program at the University of Pittsburgh promotes Brazilian scholarships in the American state among the faculty members and students who are conducting research or programs and activities about Brazil. The CLAS also sponsors seminars about Brazil’s culture, economy, geography, politics and history at the University before getting on a 6-week study trip to Brazil. The Georgetown University also offers a CLAS-established Brazilian Studies program for both undergraduate and graduate students to promote a greater understanding of the history, politics, society, culture, economy and environment of the biggest South American country. A certificate program in Latin American Studies is also offered for students majoring in Brazilian Studies. The CLAS has a newly opened program in Brazilian Studies at the University of Chicago in recognition of the importance of Brazilian culture, language and history to the rest of the world. Included under the program are workshops and conferences organized by the University to advance the knowledge about the country.

For its part, Brazil runs a Study Abroad program offered by 29 organizations in the northern and southern regions, especially in the major cities of Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and Sao Paulo. The major areas of study in the program include Brazilian Race and Higher Education, touching on the country’s higher education system, which is the largest in Latin America, and Brazilian economy, language and culture.

Study British Culture

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AustriaGermanyIndiaJapanThe United States

British Cultural Studies is a comprehensive program that introduces students to the discipline of cultural studies as it was established in the British traditions. It takes into consideration different themes that have in one way or another have influenced cultural studies as it has been taught in Britain: language and semiotics, Marxism, the individual and subjectivity. As cultural studies is primarily concerned with the culture and customs of a certain group of people as well as the meaning they give to their actions, this particular cultural studies program would also deal with the everyday life, politics, ideology, gender and race of people and how these elements interrelate so as to exert much influence on their way of thinking and the way they do things.

British Cultural Studies would also tackle the history of cultural studies as it began in Britain during the 1960s when Richard Hoggart founded the Birmingham Center for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS). Hoggart himself is responsible for the term ‘cultural studies’ and it is through him that the Department of Cultural Studies at the University of Birmingham was established. Said department had closed in 2002, but by then, the discipline was already established in many other colleges and universities. Since then, cultural studies have also moved from the primarily Marxist foundations that had played an important role in the analysis of the relationship between the economy, the process and objects of production and society itself. Nowadays, there is a shift of interest from the power behind the production of consumerables to the people themselves who buy these objects and the meaning that they attach to these objects.

On the other hand, it might also be said that a familiarity and understanding with contemporary British culture would be important for the student of British Cultural Studies to begin to appreciate the discipline better. There are of course many debates and issues concerning the contemporary culture of Britain that deal not only with the different aspects of their culture but also with the British identity in itself and how it has changed to accommodate for globalization. The British identity also allows for the different ideas of Britishness that the English, the Scottish, the Irish, the Welsh, the Asians and the Black British have formed among themselves. With this diversity of cultures, it would be safe to say that the scholar of British Cultural Studies would need to keep a logical and creative mind to be able to maintain a good critical focus on these differences in culture and how they interrelate. Another topic a student of this program might need to take into account is the interaction between the mainstream culture of the majority and the different subcultures and lifestyle groups at play in a place that can be said to be one of the melting pots of cultures of the world.

Students of British Cultural Studies now armed with an awareness of the interplay between culture, society, politics and economy can work as analysts for the program and project administrations of different companies. Another option would be to teach in colleges or universities or to write for journals.

Study Buddhist Studies

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IndiaJapanNepalThe United States

The first thing that comes to mind when someone speaks of Buddhism are the monks that defy the laws of nature as we know it. They can endure pain, hunger, coldness, heat and other things that we cannot normally endure but they can through meditation. They have this inner peace and live a pretty simple life. Scientists are trying to study how they can do such things and are constantly looking for loopholes or some logical explanation to explain such phenomenon. But what is really Buddhism?

Buddhism is largely based on the life and teachings of Siddharta Gautama, commonly known as Buddha. Buddhism comprises a variety of tradition, beliefs and practices attributes to Buddha and explains the purpose of life that leads to a genuine happiness. It is a religion to about 300 million people around the world. Buddha is not considered a god in Buddhism, but he is considered as someone who has found life enlightenment and is just simply sharing it to the world. According to Buddhism history, Buddha was once a royal prince who abandoned his royalty and lived a simple life towards enlightenment.

Buddhism is becoming popular nowadays, especially in western countries because many people are finding their answers about the problems that we now have in our modern and materialistic world. It offers advance understanding of the human mind which had proven to be useful in the field of psychology. Modern science is always trying to unravel the truth behind why do some Buddhist can withstand such great amount of pain or survived without any food or water for months.

Taking up Buddhist Study will allow understanding about the basic principles and concepts of Buddhism. It can be summarized as the Four Noble Truth and the Noble Eigthfold Path. The course will also explain about the life and teachings of Buddha and other beliefs of Buddhism like Karma and reincarnation. Advancing more on the course will offer knowledge on the history and scriptures of Buddhism and other Buddhist traditions and the ever so famous techniques on meditation.

Buddhist ethics is an integral part of this study. It put great emphasis on the human mind and mental pain like hate, quilt remorse which is supposed to be avoided in order to achieve a peaceful mind. There are several guidelines in achieving this which are all going to be tackle while taking up Buddhist Study. This will also explain as to why Buddhist are vegetarian because they do believe that eating meat is synonymous to killing or taking a life no matter how direct of indirectly it may seem.

Buddhist Study will surely change someone’s view in life and will guide someone to take a path towards enlightenment. It will change how we live and the way that we define life.

Study Byzantine Studies

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IndiaThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Canadian Studies

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AustriaCanadaIndiaThe United KingdomThe United States

Canada is a beautiful country in North America. It is the world’s second largest by land area with its border with the United States to the south and northwest part being the longest in the world. As one of the world’s wealthiest nations, it always fascinates academicians, journalists and even fiction writers. It has also attracted many institutions of learning to establish a discipline devoted to the study of Canada called Canadian Studies. Already many countries have set up this program of study, following Canada where this was started as far back as 30 years ago.

In Canada, Canadian Studies programs are now found in almost every university or college across the country. Various organizations on this discipline have also been set up at home and abroad under the umbrella agency International Council for Canadian Studies. The focus of the study program includes the country’s culture, languages, literature, agriculture, history, government and politics, and Quebec, the only Canadian province having French as its official language and a predominantly French-speaking population. By promoting a study of Canada in most institutions, the government hopes the study will form part of an important endeavor that can help Canada and other countries of the world.

Among the universities in Canada that offer Canadian Studies programs are the University of Toronto, Acadia University, the University of Calgary, and the University of Prince Edward Island. The Canadian Studies program at the University of Toronto is offered under its University College for undergraduate students for a 4-year Specialist, major or minor degree. Aimed at fostering a critical understanding of modern Canada, the program consists of various courses including but not limited to the Canadian Wilderness, Quebec Society, Asian Communities in Canada, Anthropology, Economics, Finnish and French Studies, Geography, History and Political Science. The Department of Canadian Studies of the Acadia University in Nova Scotia offers a similar program designed to introduce undergraduate students to the various aspects and perspectives about the Canadian society, and to allow them to choose their courses focusing on any of the three areas—Canadian Culture, Atlantic Canada, and Contemporary Canada. A Bachelor’s degree program in Canadian Studies at the University of Calgary in Alberta attempts to explore the origins and transformations of the various identities of the country as shaped by its geography, history, economics and political developments, and view these identities in relation to globalization. Its graduate degree program is offered jointly for a Master of Teaching/Canadian Studies. The University of Prince Edward Island in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, has an interdisciplinary Canadian Studies program that is supported by the resources of the University’s 12 departments to provide its students with an in-depth understanding of society and culture of Canada, especially its institutions, arts, literature and language, historical contexts, as well as human identities. A major in the discipline consists of 42 semester hours composed of two such required core courses as Imagining Canada and Research and Tutorial course.

Study Chilean Studies

Choose where you would like to study Chilean Studies:

ChileIndiaThe United States

Chile is one of the most prosperous nations in South America. Occupying a long and narrow coastal strip between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Andes mountains to the east, it is populated by more than 17 million people and holds the distinction of being the 5th largest exporter and 8th largest producer of wine in the world, and as producer of more than one-third of the world’s copper. It gained reputation worldwide in 1960 when it was hit by a 9.5-magnitude earthquake, the world’s strongest, that left 1,600 people dead, and two million others homeless, and in 2010 when it was rocked by three strong earthquakes in one single day. The country is also known for having the driest desert in the world, and a dark part of history under the dictatorial rule of Army General Augusto Pinochet, who was accused of countless cases of human rights violation committed in Chile under his rule.

To the Chilean government, a study of Chile and its people should be an important part of the educational curricula for local students and those from other countries. It has cited certain reasons why Chile is a perfect Study Abroad destination along with other modern and progressive countries. Among these reasons are (a) the Spanish language can be learned through immersion and university programs, (b) the country has world-class universities, (c) the country has varied political history, (d) the country’s cost of living is affordable to students, and (e) it is home to a variety of tourist spots and festivals. The importance of a Chilean study is once more underscored by the Center for Chilean-American Studies in North America, which promotes public awareness about Chilean immigrants in North America.

Certain universities in the United States have put up Study Abroad programs that include a study of Chile or studying in Chile. The David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies and the Harvard Office of International Programs of the Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts offer a Study Abroad program that touches on the social debates in Chile about the late General Augusto Pinochet and the human rights abuses in the country. Students enrolled in the program are allowed to enroll at Chile’s leading universities, particularly the Universidad de Chile and the Pontifica Universidad Catolica in Santiago, the country’s capital, that both allow Harvard University students to enroll in both the undergraduate and graduate programs. An Education Abroad Program (EAP) of the University of California has a Study Abroad in Chile program that recommends the top universities in Santiago that are open to international students. The university’s EAP provides its students with the opportunity to become global thinkers or international citizens, and prepares them for world careers and for gaining skills they need to succeed in the international marketplace. The Institute for Study Abroad (IFSA) of the Butler University in Indiana also has a Chilean Study Abroad Program that provides options for its students to study in universities either in Santiago or Valparaiso, all of which have a wide array of courses and subjects that include areas pertaining to and of interest to Chile.

Study Christian Studies

Choose where you would like to study Christian Studies:

AustraliaCanadaGermanyIndiaJapanThe United KingdomThe United States

Do you possess an interest in Biblical studies, the ministry or just seeking to deepen your understanding of the various Christian religions and doctrines?  Have you considered pursuing an undergraduate degree in Christian Studies—a program that introduces students to the key figures, places, events and themes of both the Old Testament and New Testament?  The Bachelor of Arts degree in Christian Studies is ideal for students with a deep interest in Christianity and the manner in which this faith has evolved since its inception.  The program requires no previous theological training and will reward you with a greater appreciation of theology and its impact on the world around you.
The Bachelor of Arts Degree in Christian Studies:  Overview
The Bachelor of Arts Degree in Christian Studies is an undergraduate program that is now being offered at many renowned colleges and universities throughout the world.  The program, which typically spans four years in duration and consists of 120 combined credits, teaches students how to utilize biblical studies as the foundation, and the understanding of theology, philosophy and Christian history as the framework, for communicating Christ to various audiences.  In addition to the spiritual formation and exegetical skills that are integral to the Christian Studies program, graduates will also be able to employ the effective communication, leadership and organizational skills required for effective ministry.
The Bachelor of Arts Degree in Christian Studies:  Coursework
The core and elective coursework in the Christian Studies undergraduate degree program explores a variety of topics and concepts, including theology, missions, world religions and ministry, each of which is essential in helping students succeed in the Christian Studies field following graduation.  Although the exact titles of these courses may vary from one institution to the next, they may include classes with names such as:
  • Old Testament Historical Perspectives.  This course features an introductory historical survey of the Old Testament, with attention given to the study of the Bible itself, its institutions, its literature, and the history of the national life of the Hebrew people from earliest times to the close of the Old Testament period.
  • New Testament Historical Perspectives.  This course begins with the inter-biblical period and places an emphasis on the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, along with the development of Christian faith and perspectives throughout this historical era.
  • World Religions.  This course takes a closer look at Christian religions from around the world, including the various Abrahamic religions, Eastern Orthodoxy and other Christian-based faiths in the world society.
  • Ethical Thinking in Liberal Arts.  This course explores the role ethical thinking plays in the liberal arts, focusing on topics set in historic, literary, artistic, political, philosophical, religious, social and scientific perspectives.
Naturally, this is but a small sample of the courses students will encounter as participants in the Bachelor of Arts degree program in Christian Studies.  The program also focuses on topics such as Moses and the Prophets; Jesus, the Disciples and their interpreters; biblical interpretation and application; systematic and contemporary theology; and the history of Christianity as we know it today.

Study Colonial Studies

Choose where you would like to study Colonial Studies:

IndiaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesThe United KingdomThe United States

In simple terms Colonial Studies is a course that is based on the study of former colonial powers of the west and their interactions with their former colonies in the modern times. It is also considered as an arm of every World History course, ergo the students would also be required to learn how the process of colonization during its time. Most people involved in academic circles consider the study as a course that simply screams “Pandora’s box”, because the study would delve students into terms such as slavery, oppression, rape, theft, massacre and all other terms that are required to be done for a country to be colonized. Some also consider the course to be an eye opener especially if the student is a citizen or a member of an oppressing country of the particular subject of topic. The first stages of the study would revolve around the pre colonial period and processes done by the colonizing powers such as King Henry “The Navigator” of Portugal’s support and instigation of expeditions to the uncharted east, the importance of Spain’s Fernando Magellan’s discovery that the world was round and finally the overall conquest and subjugation of Africa by the Dutch which eventually started the trend of slavery.

The course considerably gets more hairy and hairier as the topic goes deeper into the subjugation of oppressing countries into those who are about to be colonized. Who could forget the Dutch’s segregation of the African people that was categorized simply by their physical appearance and also their famous decree of cutting off the right arm of every newborn child so as he or she can not wield a weapon under the fires of rebellion.

Under this particular part the students would study the interactions between the colonizers and the colonized people, more likely their interactions and the decrees imposed upon the colonies by the ruling country. An example of such act is the United State’s Manifest Destiny where America promised to “police” the known world and part of it would be to “rescue” colonized countries from its oppressors such as the country of Cuba and the Philippines.

After studying all the historical perspectives of complexity of colonization the students would eventually be taught about the modern forms and guise of colonization of current ruling powers and its “former” colonies. The starting point of this part of the study would be typically be at the start of the Cold War where the perspective of that white people can actually be ruled by another set of white people, the example being Western Europe under the USSR the “forerunner” of the dogma equality to all. The students would be taught the current decrees and acts regarding trade agreements, tariffs and acts between powerhouse countries and third world countries. Speaking of third world countries they would also learn about where the term “Third World Country” originated and who thought of it in the World Line. Where a line can be literally drawn across the globe that would literally show a pattern in the division of where the poor countries and where the rich countries are, with the exception of Australia being at the bottom of course.

Study Commonwealth Studies

Choose where you would like to study Commonwealth Studies:

IndiaThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Contemporary Studies

Choose where you would like to study Contemporary Studies:

AustraliaDenmarkFinlandIndiaJapanRussiaSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Contemporary Studies is an interdisciplinary program that deals with or focuses attention to the culture, events and trends of modern or recent times, usually from the 19th to the 21st centuries. A program for this interdisciplinary field is largely similar to any interdisciplinary program that serves as the basis for further study, for the creation of a career, or development of a professional program that prefers a broad base of knowledge and experience. In some cases, the program combines itself with interdisciplinary approaches that integrate linguistics, social theory and literary studies.

In Paris, the largest city of France, a Contemporary Studies program of Boston University combines contemporary cultural studies with immersion program on the city’s artistic and intellectual life, and has a curriculum of 14 weeks of study, with the first four weeks devoted to two courses in French following orientation, and the last and final 10 weeks on three credit courses. The Lewis University in Illinois, U.S. offers a bachelor degree program in Contemporary Global Studies for 128 credit hours, and 48 credit hours for a major in political science, history and international relations. The main areas of study under the program include literature, general education, economics, social sciences, and theology. In the Arcadia University in Granada, Spain, the Center for Contemporary Studies allows students to select subjects from a variety of courses that fit their interest in innovative programs lined up by the University in partnership with the Centro de Lenguas Modernas and the Universidad de Granada.

Canada has more institution of higher education that offer undergraduate, graduate, postgraduate and certificate programs for Contemporary Studies. The University of King’s College in Nova Scotia provides students with a broad understanding of various aspects of contemporary society in graduate and professional studies in such disciplines as English, French, German, History, Philosophy and Science, Law, Social and Political Thought, Public Policy, and Curatorial Studies. Also in Nova Scotia is the Dalhousie University with a Contemporary Studies program under the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, offering a Bachelor’s degree course that helps its students consider the important writers, thinkers and artists of the contemporary period in order to make sense of the world that they live in. The Faculty of Arts in Ryerson University in Ontario has a program for Arts and Contemporary Studies in many areas of study such as Literary Theory, Philosophy, Global Affairs, History, Religion and Science. A different program on the field—this time on Tibet—at the University of British Columbia, also in Canada, stimulates interest in research projects focused on the societies of Tibet, or provide graduate students with a chance to explore Tibetan issues closely.

Most of these Canadian universities are optimistic their graduates will be able to build their careers in education, creative writing, journalism, business, films and theaters, publishing, and civil service, or as international aid officers, museum curators, editors, and government policy developers.

Study Costa Rican Studies

Choose where you would like to study Costa Rican Studies:

IndiaThe United States

Study Cuban Studies

Choose where you would like to study Cuban Studies:

IndiaSpainThe United States

Study Cultural Studies

Choose where you would like to study Cultural Studies:

ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaBrazilCanadaChinaColombiaDenmarkFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceIndiaIrelandMexicoMoroccoNetherlandsPeruRussiaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSpainSwedenSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United StatesUnited Arab EmiratesZimbabwe

Cultural Studies is a discipline which is primarily concerned with cultural practices and their various meanings. Being quite a new discipline itself, it is still made up of many schools of learning with varying opinions on how cultural practices, popular culture and the production of objects affect each other. The first scholars of Cultural Studies, on the other hand, chose to apply the Marxist methods of analysis to explore the relationship with said cultural practices of a certain people and the political economy where that set of cultural practice is based on. Scholars of Cultural Studies who base their finding on Marxism then place much emphasis on that can be had in the control of the production of cultural products. Nowadays, there is much shift in the emphasis from the power behind the production to the people who consume the products themselves and how they react to these objects.

What students of Cultural Studies do, therefore, is study and seeks to understand the relationship between the way that people do certain things, the objects they use and the meaning they give to these practices. This means that a scholar and researcher of Cultural Studies should be concerned not only with the culture of the majority and popular culture but also with the everyday practices of people and the meanings they attribute to them. In fact, it can also be said that students have expressed great interest in the latter subjects recently instead of focusing on the culture of the ruling social group. Another different approach to the discipline of Cultural Studies is to study it alongside comparative literature. Students of this discipline know well that Cultural Studies is a field that interests much debate among its scholars as well as a subject that requires much self-revision.

The term “Cultural Studies” was coined by Richard Hoggart in the 1960s. Hoggart is the founder of the Birmingham Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS), which later gave birth to the Department of Cultural Studies at the University of Birmingham. Since the department closed in 2002, the discipline of Cultural Studies has already taken root in various other universities.

This discipline combines different subjects like literary theory, anthropology and sociology among others to understand and classify cultural phenomena based on the economical standing of different societies. Another subject of great interest among students of this study is how an individual’s ideology, social class, race or gender affects their reactions to said cultural phenomena. The existence of subcultures within a mainstream set of practices, the way that people’s culture reflect the social and political standing of the place they live in, the differences between cultural knowledge and universal knowledge and even the evaluation of society as it is now can all be said to be topics that a student of Cultural Studies would be concerned with.

Because of this understanding of society and its interrelation with economy, scholars of this particular field usually work as policy analysts for program/project administrations after finishing with their studies.

Study Early Modern Europe

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IndiaSpainSwedenThe United States

Study East Asian Studies

Choose where you would like to study East Asian Studies:

CanadaGermanyIndiaMoroccoSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Are you interested in pursuing a degree that will allow you to study the culture, history, literature, political structure and other aspects of the various countries in the Eastern Asian region?  Have you considered pursuing a graduate degree in East Asian Studies?  East Asian studies is a fascinating field of education, one consisting of elements across many different subjects and disciplines, and while only a small percentage of institutions offer Eastern Asian studies at the undergraduate level, most colleges and universities now offer a Master’s of Arts degree in the field.  This is the program we will discuss in a bit more detail below, including its structure, content and the eligibility requirements for interested students.
Master of Arts Degree in East Asian Studies
East Asian Studies, a Master’s degree program which is now offered at colleges and universities throughout the country and world, is a distinct interdisciplinary field of scholarly education that promotes a broad humanistic understanding of East Asia, both past and present.  Unlike university-level language programs, which tend to focus only on the language and literature of  individual East Asian countries, such as China, Japan and Korea, the East Asian studies degree program is very multidisciplinary in nature, incorporating elements of the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology, economics and government, and humanities, including literature, history, music and film.  In general, the program allows students to participate in a scholarly and diverse exchange of ideas regarding the East Asian experience, and the experience of East Asian natives in other parts of the world.

Although not all East Asian Studies programs are structured alike, most are designed to either a.) Instill in students a broad and multidisciplinary understanding of an individual East Asian culture or b.) Allow students to engage in a comparative study of two or more East Asian cultures.   For example, students who choose the first option may opt to focus their education on China and its culture alone, and they would do so by taking a variety of courses across several different departments, including both theory and methodology-based classes.  With the other option, students may decide to do a comparative study, examining, for example, the similarities and differences in the culture, history and political structure of Japan and Korea.  This flexibility, which essentially allows students to tailor the course to match their particular interests, is what makes East Asian studies such a popular degree program.

The Master of Arts degree in East Asian studies typically spans two years or eight full semesters and is open to all students possessing a Bachelor degree or higher in a related field.  Many institutions also have a language requirement—two or more courses completed in either Chinese, Japanese or Korean—and international students may be required to take English as a second language before being admitted to the program. 

Depending on the institution, the M.A. degree program in East Asian Studies will culminate with a research project, a written examination or both, and students can expect to write a minimum of three research papers (one seminar paper and two upper-division papers) during the course of the program.

Study Egyptology

Choose where you would like to study Egyptology:

IndiaSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United States

Egypt is famous for its historical places full of pyramids, sphinxes, and town ruins. Many archaeologists, tourists, and history-buffs visit the country to take a glimpse of history and even learn how ancient Egyptians have lived more than 1000 years ago. With the many interesting things one will see and learn in Egypt, it is no wonder that many students are interested in taking Egyptology. Egyptology is a branch of archaeology that focuses on studying Ancient Egypt—its history, culture, literature, religion, language, and art—starting from the 5th millennium BC up to the end of 4th century AD.

Egyptian civilization is one of the earliest civilizations in the history of the world that’s why Egyptology goes way back in the past. Surprisingly, the first Egyptologists were the Egyptians themselves: Thutmosis IV was the first to restore the Sphinx while, two centuries later, Prince Khaemweset, fourth son of Ramesses II, identified and restored historical buildings, tombs, and temples such as the pyramid of Unas and Saqqara. Although the Egyptians were the first to restore historical structures, it was the Greeks and Romans who first made the historical accounts of the Egyptian Civilization. More progress on the study of Ancient Egypt were made by Muslim Egyptologists in the 9th century AD. Dhul-Nun al-Misri and Ibn Wahshiyya were the first ones to attempt deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs while Abdul Latif al-Baghdadi wrote very detailed description of the ancient Egyptian monuments. In the 13th century, European explorers like John Greaves, Claude Sicard, and Benoît de Maillet began exploring and studying ancient Egyptian civilization with a more scientific approach.

Students who are interested in becoming Egyptologist will find that only a few universities offer an undergraduate degree. But those who want to pursue higher degrees and even a Ph.D. in Egyptology can, instead, take courses in ancient art, ancient history, anthropology, and archaeology. Students can also take courses about Eastern Mediterranean which will give them enough background courses that will help them should they pursue a higher degree in Egyptology. Students will also have to learn to read and even speak different languages like French and German, helpful in researching and reading previous accounts; Arabic and Egyptian, helpful in archaeological activities in Egypt; and Greek or any other Near Eastern languages, helpful should the student choose to specialize in the later periods of Egyptian history. There are two kinds of Egyptologists that a student can become, depending on his/her interest and the subjects he/she will take. An Egyptologist that specializes in Ancient Egyptian language will have to take courses that study the various forms of the Old, Middle, and Late Egyptian such as hieroglyphic scripts, hieratic scripts, Demotic, and Coptic. On the other hand, Egyptologists who specialize in archaeology will take courses studying the art and architecture in the different time periods of Ancient Egypt. They will also have to study surveying, photography, and drawing.

Egyptologists that have advanced degrees in field can find many career opportunities. The most popular career is working behind-the-scenes in museums or universities wherein Egyptologists get a chance to work in the field like assisting in excavations. In reality, however, only a few fortunate ones can get to work in the field all the time. Most Egyptologists work in the field during a project then return to a university to teach or research.

Study Ethnicity, Race & First Nation Studies

Choose where you would like to study Ethnicity, Race & First Nation Studies:

IndiaNetherlandsThe United States

Are you a student who plans to work and live in an ethnically diverse community?  Are you interested in acquiring new skills for comprehending the complexity of race, class and gender, both at the local and national level?  If so, Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies may be the ideal program for you.  Whether you plan to pursue these studies through a certificate program, perhaps as an adjunct or minor to a degree in the social or behavioral sciences, or through a bachelor’s degree program, the Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies program is a great way to prepare for the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead professionally.  Below we have compiled some of the specifics regarding Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies, including some of the program, requirements and potential career opportunities for graduates.
Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies:  Program Requirements and Coursework
The Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies program is open to all students at the undergraduate level.  Depending on the institution, there may be a few prerequisite classes you’ll need to complete prior to enrolling in the certificate or degree program, courses such as College Mathematics and/or the Principles of Ethnic Studies.  For students planning to minor in the program, you should always consult your academic advisor to determine if the minor is consistent with your overall educational goals, but in most colleges and universities, students are encouraged to take classes outside their major.
The Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies program explores the study of race and ethnicity in both local and international contexts, and provides an integrated, comparative and comprehensive approach to the study of diversity.  The coursework, which consists of both theoretical and applied perspectives, teaches students how to formulate a conceptual framework regarding race and ethnicity, along with the manner in which various races intersect in the construction of social formations. More specifically, the program is designed to:
  • Address theoretical, practical and analytical issues relevant to the comprehension of race, culture and ethnicity, employing a comparative and interdisciplinary approach.
  • Develop and augment students’ critical thinking and writing skills through the study of race and ethnicity.
  • Develop skills that are more effectual when working in diverse communities through course content and service-learning experiences.
  • Help students collaborate with faculty, the community and each other in addressing key concerns as they relate to race and ethnicity.
One of the hallmarks of the Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies program is the internship, which helps foster a direct link between students, the university and community settings.

Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies:  Career Opportunities
A degree or certificate in Ethnicity, Race and First Nation Studies is strongly recommended for students who are planning to enter a wide variety of community-based professions.  This includes business professionals, health practitioners, criminal justice workers, social workers, teachers/professors and community developers.  A certificate or degree in the program looks great on a resume, and through the coursework offered, graduates will be armed with valuable knowledge and skills that will help them better understand and be sensitive to the needs of various cultures and ethnicities.  The program is also extremely valuable for those students preparing for graduate studies in a related field.

Study Ethnography

Choose where you would like to study Ethnography:

IndiaThe United States

Ethnography is an important part of cultural anthropology which deals with the understanding of human societies by observing groups of people such as the place they live, the developments they made while staying in a place, how to make a living, their culture, religious practices, and many more. Methodologies that ethnographers use whenever they are in the field varies and one cannot claim theirs as superior nor can any of them be evaluated philosophically. The effectiveness of a methodology depends on the research subject and the purpose of the research.

The history of Ethnography will take us back to the time when it was first established as a method in the latter of the 19th century. Franz Boas, a German anthropologist and known as the father of American anthropology, made significant contribution to Ethnography by introducing linguistic and documentary techniques in observing people. During the World War I, Bronislaw Malinowski, another anthropologist who was also considered, aside from Boas, the most influential anthropologist, developed one of the methodologies used by modern ethnographers who were consisted of spending a great amount of time immersed in the subject or the people being observed. In the 20th century, theoretical and practical changes in the methodologies used in Ethnography were made although many still used the classic methods Boas and Malinowski developed. The most note-worthy change that happened was the disturbance caused by post-structuralism, post-modernism, feminism, and neo-Marxism on the foundations of religious shifts, and economic patterns. Also, with the downfall of colonialism, the world as described by Boas and Malinowski was very different from the modern one. This gave space to many other great ethnographers such as Clifford Geertz to develop their own methodologies that were not applicable during Boas and Malinowski’s time.

Should they choose to take Ethnography, students will learn about the cultural and social diversity existing in our world. They will have to learn how humans see themselves as an individual and as a member of a particular group, how they see other people, and how they work together. Students will also have to learn to understand the matters about history, politics, finance, nation, religion, and society that affect people’s lives. Both theoretical and practical knowledge are important that’s why students spent half of their time researching and studying previous anthropological documents, and half of their time immersing in the field where students will have a chance to use the ethnographic methodologies they will learn. The students, in order for their fieldwork to succeed, will need to understand their subject’s taboos, sports culture, health conditions, organisational culture, globalisation issues, the formation of norms, etc.

Most ethnographers follow the classic career path of immersing oneself in a community, observing the people then writing about all of one’s findings and publishing an ethnographic book or paper. There are, however, many other choices ethnographers have when picking a career path to follow. Aside from working in universities or anthropological institutions, ethnographers can work in museums or become authors of anthropological journals. Many companies, especially those that sell products to specific markets, employ ethnographers to study the choice-making patterns of a specific group of people. By making clear observation of the targeted group of people, ethnographers can make accurate prediction as to what kinds of products these people will look for next.

Study Euroculture

Choose where you would like to study Euroculture:

GermanyIndiaNetherlandsSpainSwedenThe United States

Euroculture is not just a study of the culture of Europe but it is a course aiming to teach students everything—from history, current problems, social development, and even government issues—about Europe and the European institutions. Unlike most European studies, Euroculture uses a multidisciplinary approach to make students understand and appreciate the development of social-cultural dimension (i.e. its inheritance, standards, values, and citizenship), current political governance and issues, and how all of these affect European society. Although its development is only a decade ago, Euroculture is a popular course among students simply because it lets them experience and learn everything about culturally-diverse countries.

The development of Euroculture started in 1998 at the University of Uppsala. A taskforce, called the Task Force European Modules, was established to develop a European studies program with an overall concept of adopting an integral approach to European studies, interdisciplinary, and involving partnership with other universities in different countries. The universities of San Sebastian of Spain, Gottingen of Germany, Strasbourg of France, Udine of Italy, Uppsala of Sweden, and Groningen of Netherlands were the first to join the Euroculture network and were the first ones to launch the program in 1999. By 2000, these universities officially offered the program to their students. The years between 2000 and 2004 saw the strengthening of the partnership within the universities included in the Euroculture network and the addition of new partners namely the universities of Krakow of Poland, and Olomouc of the Czech Republic. With the participation of the universities of San Sebastian, Gottingen, Uppsala, Groningen, Krakow, and Olomouc, the Euroculture Erasmus Mundus Consortium was established by May of 2005. Since then until in the year 2007, these consortium universities accepted Erasmus Mundus students and scholars.

Students who are interested in taking Euroculture can expect a length of approximately 16 months of full-time studying which will include a semester at their home university (i.e. any university of their choice) and another semester in a partner university or host university after which they will go back to their home universities where the internship and research part of the program will be completed. Students will learn about the core concepts of European culture including the people, communities, cultures, cultural meanings and values, politics, and government programs and actions. Students will also be able to understand the development of cultural identities, transformation processes, and the impact of politics on culture and vice versa. Universities who offer Euroculture prepare their students for employment by requiring them to undergo internship wherein they are provided with the necessary preparations for the professional world they will enter after graduation. Students will be able to get internship in organizations and institutions related to European affairs like embassies, ministries of education or culture, and regional organizations.

With extensive knowledge on European institutions, current issues and their effects on European culture, students will have a lot of choices when it comes to career path. Graduates of Euroculture can find career opportunities in embassies, European institutions, educational and research institutions, media, public relations, law, museums and exhibitions, cultural management, tourism, immigrant organizations, and even in churches or church institutions.

Study European Community Information

Choose where you would like to study European Community Information:

AustriaIndiaSpainThe United States

The term ‘European Community’ refers most directly to the organization of three similarly governed European communities: the EEC, the ECSC, and the EAEC. The communities have since developed into the European Union. Its main goal is to integrate the economic markets of many European countries, including such nations as France and Germany. European community information includes the development, functions and economic principles of the European Union, as well as some judicial and community relations services.
Specific college courses regarding the European community, or European Union, are very rare, although majors in European Union studies do exist. If a student cannot find a course specifically catering to a study in European community information, the following majors will also provide education in this area: European studies, modern European studies and international economics.
The European Commission, which is the governing or executive body of the European Union, provides education and training to certain individuals regarding the EU. These programs are usually referred to as ‘traineeships’ and are most readily available to students in European Union governed countries, especially in Germany.
Skills, Qualifications, and Prerequisites for Studies in European Community Information
In order to study a course in European community information at a higher education institution, applicants must meet the admission requirements to their school of choice. This almost always means acquiring a secondary school completion certificate, along with a passing score on a standardized aptitude test or entrance exam.
To study the EU through the European Commission, an individual must apply for a traineeship, which may have a multitude of specific requirements. Some traineeships will require future students to hold an undergraduate degree in an area applicable to European Community studies (such as in business or international relations) while others only require a secondary school completion certificate.
Individuals interested in studies of the European Community should have an avid interest in certain areas, especially European history, government, economics and banking. An ability to learn and understand a wide variety of organizational structures and functions, as well as the ability to memorize large quantities of information, will benefit future experts in the EU. Interpersonal and communication skills, although not required, are also helpful to success.
Skills and Qualifications Acquired from Studies in European Community Information
Since the European Community, or EU, is a highly specific subject of study, students will possibly acquire skills and knowledge in further areas (such as general European history). However, specific areas covered by European Community studies include:
  • Associated communities, institutions and organizations of the EU.
  • History and development of the EU.
  • History of economics, banking and government of the EU.
  • Institutional structure(s) of the EU.
  • Treaties and laws governing the European community.
  • Civil rights and responsibilities of employers and employees.
  • Functions of the EU (including banking, business, regulations, publications and education).
  • Statistical economic research and methods.
Careers for Studies in European Community Information
Those who study the European community or European Union are typically interested in pursing careers related to this institutional body. They may work for the European Parliament, European Commission or other EU institutions. They may become administrators, judicial officials, bankers, financial consultants, accountants, technicians and even work in specialty jobs as child care professionals or educators. With some extra study, these individuals may become linguists, translators, interpreters, lawyers or executive directors in the EU.

Study European Studies

Choose where you would like to study European Studies:

AustraliaAustriaCzech RepublicDenmarkEstoniaFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIndiaIrelandNetherlandsSloveniaSpainSwedenThe United KingdomThe United States

The study commonly falls into two categories, the first one and the most typical is the linguistics and culture. The second would fall into consular and diplomatic relations. The study of E.U. languages and culture cover generalized concepts of specific cultures of the countries in Europe. Most colleges usually offer this particular course based on its specification where one can take his or her major in French, German, Spanish, English and all the others with its own specialization. The course commonly goes deeper into its specific country involving its culture and national status. Posthumously, its history, economy, government type and finally, its culture and how it affects external countries and borders.

The upside of this course is that you would never be found wanting of a job because perspective embassies would always be there. Translating government documents and letters may fill up most of the working time. However if one works hard enough, you may always be chosen to accompany officials in diplomatic missions and delegations. Where one may get the opportunity to shake hands with the; who’s, who in the international affairs circle. Speaking of circles, there’s always the U.N. whose doors are always open for persons with such skills.

But if public service is not your style, the private sector would always welcome a person with such skills. The most common for a person armed with an E.S. degree would be to work in a call center, where one would be eventually placed in the perspective department regarding one’s country of major. Still, some might consider the job to be quite dull. Since one would be placed in either two departments, sales and costumer support. In Sales one would be responsible for making outgoing calls offering various products or services, depending on the company to various clients. For costumer support, one would be placed in receiving calls from clients, where one would be obligated to answer various questions and help out clients regarding their pleas about specific matters that the company provides.

If one does not feel serving such a vocation there are also other outfits in the private sector where one can be employed. One may always work as freelance consultant to export based companies about the country in where they plan to land their products. One may also work as a translator to various media outfits. There are some public relations websites where one may get the opportunity to be sent abroad to research about certain subjects.

There are also other media outfits that are in need of “dubbers” for foreign shows. Basically, what one does is to translate the dialogue and helps out the firm in recording the voice-over for the show. Still, if one thinks that he or she has an entrepreneurial spirit why not set up your own language school? But let’s leave the specifics out for that one. But still, if one does not feel up to the hustle and bustle of the outside world, we’re more than sure that your Alma mater would let you stay in as an instructor.

Study Folklore

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Folkloristics is the study of the culture of a particular group of people that are usually transmitted down generations orally. These would include legends, music, dance, jokes, customs and even popular beliefs which are usually gathered under the umbrella term, Folklore.

The term Folklore was coined in the 1800s by an antiquarian named William Thoms while talking about what was then called ‘popular antiquities’. During these times, information about different traditional practices have been gathered and written down to be reshaped in a way that would serve the ideas and practices of the 19th century. It was only one hundred years later that Folklore has been recorded without political reasons.

The first person to suggest that all manner of folkloric information needs to be preserved was Johann Gottfried von Herder, who believed that these would help in the documentation and further understanding of the traditions of the different people in the world. Because of these standpoints, the study of traditional culture, or Folklore, became an established discipline that sought to save the customs and vernacular tales of a group of people from being forgotten.

Folkloristics then became a discipline in the 19th century when the American Folklore Society was founded in 1888. This was partly owing to the interest of literary scholars during those times in the works of Chaucer and Shakespeare and the traditions surrounding the period in which such works of literature had been written. On the other hand, the study of Folklore meant somewhat differently in continental Europe and even Latin America, where folkloristics was viewed as a way to establish unity among the different people living in said countries. Traditional culture then was seen as proof of uniqueness among different societies and as evidence that a culture can be based on oral traditions.

On the other hand, folklore studies can also be taken as a way to raise one’s awareness about the culture that one is coming from. Some students of Folklore are also involved in movements concerning societal formations as well as struggles against colonialism.

The term Folklore is really all-encompassing in a way that it includes both spiritual and material aspects of a traditional culture. These are usually transmitted orally among people and although there have been studies and records written about the different traditional cultures of the world, it is still the folklorist’s concern to gather information first-hand. This means that students of Folklore would usually work in the field, gathering data in the very places where the traditions and beliefs they are studying are being practiced. Another choice for students of Folklore to pursue after their studies is to stay in the academe to teach a new set of folklorists about the discipline. That doesn’t mean that a folklorist cannot do both, of course. Studying Folklore in colleges in different countries would also give students of a unique look at the traditional and oral practices of different cultures.

Study Gender Studies

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The area of Gender Studies is a field focused on questions regarding gender which arises across the various disciplines of college liberal arts. It is one of the most important areas wherein gender representations are taken into examination. Moreover, Gender Studies as a discipline itself is an interdisciplinary field involving the incorporations of various approaches and methods of other wide ranging disciplines. All of those disciplines differ in terms of approaches in how and as to why study gender studies. For example in the fields’ sociology, psychology and sociology, gender as a practice disciplines among drama studies, performance theory, anthropology, contemporary art history, film theory, literary theory, psychology, psychoanalysis and is being studied, as well as in cultural studies wherein most of the culture history and changes are dealt with.

Furthermore, Gender studies is considered to be a theoretical work in social humanities which focuses on diverse issues when it comes to the language and society of sex and gender, this area addresses the related issues of ethnic and racial oppression, post colonial societies and issues on globalization. The work involved in studying Gender Studies is influenced by other fields, namely African American Studies, Latin Studies, Asian American Studies, Native American Studies and Ethnic Studies. Aside from the related fields, the works on Gender Studies is closely in association with the works of queer studies, women studies and other aspects of culture studies. Principally, the works of Gender Studies lies in the publications and humanities departments and at the same time, it is also found in other social-scientific fields of psychology, anthropology and sociology.

The meaning of gender is changing; meaning the constructed idea of culture of the sex difference is inevitable and is ever changing over places and time. Taking Gender Studies involves studying the identity’s central category of its basic shape infrastructures. Such involves the divisions of private and public sectors, patterns of labor and wealth distribution, ways of representing gender in literature, pop culture and art, understanding the body and sexuality, defining health and sickness, state and public life norm creation and knowledge production itself.

Generally, behavioral and personality differences are perceived to be due to conditioning, learning and imitation and modeling against pure tendencies which are biologically based, this portion of research is involved in Gender Studies, because it also involves studying the experiences and environments of individuals, the personality developments and genetic factors as well as mental disorders.

The courses of Gender Studies paves way in understanding images shaping the constantly changing world, ideologies and social patterns, at the same time Gender Studies also makes way for questions on how gender is formed, maintained and divided and how it is frequently undermined or resisted. In the last four decades in the United States, students are exploring gender scholarship which covers history of thoughts and actions of the feminists namely gay, bisexual, lesbian studies, men studies, queer theory and transgender studies. Associating works with the programs on Race and Ethnicity, these courses are exploring the intersection areas of gender, class and race.

Study Global Studies

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The program Global Issues is an undergraduate and graduate program that aims to let students have an in-depth understanding and analysis of world politics and international affairs. Students will be able to comprehend major global issues as they familiarize themselves with international relations studies. Events, trends, and problems that are faced by people of the world and its leaders in a growing interdependent world are highlighted to make students become more critical in dealing with information, approaches, and knowledge on pressing issues within the contemporary world.

The program is a multidisciplinary study that can be learned by students of diverse backgrounds, e.g. business, education, sciences, and arts. As students get immersed with sophisticated and both explored and unexplored core concepts in acquiring much greater awareness of interpreting and resolving global dilemmas, they become more responsible individuals that are trained and equipped to manage important global issues.

Global Issues curriculum is designed to inform, inspire, and instigate students to think seriously, carefully, and critically as they investigate, live, and cope with a world that is undergoing rapid changes. Such growth is primarily accentuated by technology’s contribution in people’s lives—the way of life. Technology has paved the way to production, better living conditions, and much improved means of communication resulting in redefining of world societies.

With the program’s objective, students are able to understand the changes and developments that have been happening in a globalized society, a world that is interconnected and interdependent. During the course, students will learn the reasons regarding the impact of globalization on international affairs since it is seen as a major driving force in the “shrinking” process that the world is experiencing at present. Students will be able to probe the nature and impacts of globalization phenomenon and end up appreciating and evaluating such phenomenon as it comprises the world’s everyday affairs.

The direction set for students taking Global Issues degree is entirely dependent of how world politics molded and influenced every nation to come together. Nation states and governments, international organizations, NGOs, multi-national corporations, and all individuals are perceived as actors who bring and spark global discussion that affect people across boundaries.

The wide scope of the program will prepare students to develop their confidence and abilities to be engaged in the international controversies deem relevant to the present era. The course also aims to cultivate students’ creativity, flexibility, and strengths as they identify themselves as responsible individuals capable of providing viewpoints and unbiased influence in resolving and assessing global issues. Some global issues themes that will be tackled during the course are: world conflicts, developments, economy and trade, education, health and food security, human rights, urbanization, and environment.

The course is unique in all sense of the word as it is considered to be a timely and current program to students aiming to pursue higher education. After completion of the course, students will become qualified professionals as they pursue careers related to various industries such as management, business, economics, law, journalism and broadcasting, and education among others.

Study Hispanic Studies

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Hispanic Studies is a field involving the study of the language, literature and culture of the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking countries of Europe and America. Spanish is one of the three most widely-spoken languages in the world and Spanish-language culture is correspondingly diverse and vibrant.  A degree in Hispanic Studies would mainly help to expand the liberal arts background of students by helping to develop the skills of communication and critical reasoning, as well as providing insight into the culture of other regional, linguistic and national groups. Enrichment in these areas broadens intellectual horizons, regardless of the professional interests or fields of specialization that may guide students in other facets of their university education.

Personal Qualities

An interest in humanities is a prerequisite for such a degree, combined with genuine interest for Hispanic culture and language. Other qualities include the following:

  • Excellent written and oral communication skills
  • Good at learning languages
  • Good at carrying out research
  • Excellent analytical qualities
  • Good at memorizing facts

Study Options

A lot of universities all over the world have a Hispanic Studies department, offering various options of study for candidates interested in this field. Hispanic Studies can involve completing degrees such as Spanish, Spanish and Business Studies, Spanish and Classics, Spanish and Philosophy, Spanish and Linguistics, Portuguese with European Union Studies, etc. The universities’ offers usually include a huge variety of combinations involving Hispanic Studies. You can study for an Honors degree in Spanish and Portuguese, or for a Single Honors in Spanish, or you can take Spanish as part of a Joint Honors degree in Modern European Languages. You can take Spanish as part of the degree of Modern European Languages and European Union Studies, or take Spanish and Portuguese with European Union Studies. More interesting options are Joint Honors with Arabic, Business Studies, Classics, English Language, English Literature, History, History of Art, Linguistics, Philosophy, Politics and Social Policy. The best programs offer one or two semesters spent in a Spanish-speaking country.

Career Options

Considering their practical language skills, as well as the intellectual and analytical skills they have acquired, graduates in Hispanic Studies can decide to pursue a wide variety of jobs. As well as further research and teaching, graduates can go into fields as varied as business, industry, banking, the media, law, accountancy, publishing, and the Foreign and Civil services.

Study Human Behaviour in Social Contexts

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The study of human behavior in social contexts is based on the analysis of empirical data in a theory-driven manner. This gives students a chance to look at generalized explanations to human behavioral patterns in a social set-up. Most courses on human behavior in social contexts look to impart skills, understanding and most importantly, the knowledge of behavioral and social sciences in a way that it can be used in further research activities. Students can study human behavior in social contexts at the under-graduate, post graduate or PhD level as well.

The beauty of any course in human behavior in social contexts is that it fuses a number of other disciplines of research such as psychology, educational sciences as well as sociology in an effort to understand human behavior in various social situations. The methodology and theory used in these courses are usually advanced and help students develop themselves in a better manner. Typical topics included in these research studies include commitment, solidarity behavior and motivation.
Like many other courses, human behavior in social contexts studies requires students to select specializations from a host of subjects. Some of the most common subjects in this area include Education and Development, Sociology, Psychometrics and Statistics, Clinical Psychology, Social and Organizational Psychology amongst many others.

Required Qualifications and Skills
  • Most universities offering this course expect students to be highly motivated, talented and ambitious
  • Students looking to pursue a career related to scientific research are usually preferred
  • Good knowledge of the English language always helps. For example, if you have a TOEFL score of 600 or more, you can consider that aspect covered
  • Students must be sufficiently qualified in various fields of science
  • Strong command over the knowledge of statistics is also considered to be a plus. There are various tests and modules that can help you test your aptitude in statistics so you know which way you are headed.
  • A good set of motives and aims is a must to get into anything related to science.
Since different universities differ in terms of the selection process, they use various methods for assessment and selection. Personal interviews, group discussions, pressure tests are quite common when it comes to selection process.

Career Alternatives

In a field as in-depth as this one, you can expect a lot of open avenues. There are many organizations, private and public that requires loads of research activity in human behavior. In fact, Industrial Psychology is one such field where human behavior in social situations becomes very important. Many companies trying to understand employee dynamics are more than willing to hire individuals qualified in this area.

You can always opt to take up lecturing as a profession. Most individuals who do this usually continue their research side-by-side. This gives them a chance to dig deeper into the realms of human behavior while pursuing a career in the field as well. Conceptualizing social sciences with respect to human behavior is an endless ocean in itself. This makes the field that much more enthralling for most students.

Study Indian Art

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IndiaThe United States

Indian art is a complex form of art that is the subject of many religious, social, and political influences. It has continuously evolved and changed in accordance with a very fascinating civilization that is full of artistic expression and innovation. Because of the importance of Indian art, the government of India has made it a cultural policy to inculcate and to promote the significance of Indian art and to continuously improve the standards of Indian performance and creative arts.

Among the western educated art scholars though, Indian art has often seemed to be a cultural system that is too complicated which has led it to become very misunderstood. It has been a difficulty to understand Indian art as a union of diverse indigenous elements and many different external influences. But this is what separates Indian art from the rest; this is its unique character, the one that gives it its own distinctive appeal.

The study of Indian art takes a student to a fascinating experience which involves curvaceous lines and spirals, tendrils and vines, haloed deities and goddesses, colorful gemstones and amulets, arches and domes, the moon and the sun. It provides a journey that is out of the ordinary, a spontaneous expedition that encompasses and represents the multi-faceted Indian culture.

Indian art encompasses such a wide scope that to better understand it, it is best to study it in smaller categories. These categories of Indian art are usually specific periods in the history of India which reflect particular developments in political, social, and religious contexts. The major periods in Indian art are: (1) the ancient period which includes artwork made between the years of 3500 BCE and 1200 CE; (2) the Islamic ascendency which lasted through the years of 1192-1757; (3) the colonial period which lasted from 1757-1947; and (4) the post-colonial or the independence period which encompasses the years from 1947 up to the present.

Indian art courses usually include subjects on the history of Indian art, Indian temple sculpture and art, bronze sculptures, the Indian fresco, Indian tribal and folk art, Indian visual arts, and contemporary Indian art.

Temple art focuses on Indian art that was predominantly influenced by religion. It touches on the impact of Buddhism on Indian art as well as the inspiration that has been brought about by the other Indian religions. Bronze sculptures meanwhile are covered within the Chola period of Indian history. Chola bronze sculptures are interesting in that these art pieces were made using the lost-wax casting technique. The tribal and folk art element of the Indian art course focuses on the different mediums upon which this art form has been implemented. This includes mediums such as pottery, weaving, metal works, and jewellery.

Career prospects for the Indian art degree holder include jobs in different sectors of industry. There are always opportunities to be found in the fields of education and culture where knowledge of Indian art is an extraordinary attribute. Furthermore, expertise in Indian art is a very distinct advantage in jobs such as Museum curator, Art director, and Art dealer.

Study Indian Civilization

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India has one of the oldest and the richest civilizations in the world. It has been around for many years, dating back to 3000 BC. Studying this course will enrich your knowledge as to how India came to have the diverse and exciting civilization that it has now. This course will answer many questions about the wonder that is India.

Upon studying this course, the journey will start from the ancient times up to the present day with a unique focus on the major developments that made India what it is today. Interestingly enough, evidence can be found that Indian civilization started in Mohenjodaro and Harrappa which are both located in our present day Pakistan. Indus valley civilization is considered to be the great first civilization of the world and this study will feature in details the reason behind this and the eventual fallout of this era. Periods of civilization after the first civilization like the Aryan, Maurya and Gupta and their contribution to India are also included in this course as well as their contribution to politics, trading and even art.

Religion is an integral part of Indian civilization. They have many religions and this course will focus on a few of them like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism and Islam as they developed in India. Understanding the origin of India’s caste system which had been used for many years and exists up to this day is another benefit of taking up this course as well acquiring knowledge about the village communities in India

Another aspect of this study of course is the political development in India. From the Vedic era which introduced Hinduism through the Maurya period which embodies the basic tenets of Buddhism, the relationship between the political and religion aspects will be one of the main focus of this course. Other political era that contributed to the modern India, be it on the architecture aspect or trading, will also be included on this field of study.

Indian civilization is truly one of the richest and fascinating civilizations in the world. Being an expert in this field will greatly help in career advancement. If you are a historian for example, this course will help in the understanding of the rich civilization and what could have influence this country to be what it is today; a vibrant country with an emerging economy. Anthropologist will also find that studying Indian Civilization is helpful on their careers as they learn about the complex dynamics of the human behavior on different era and how people with different beliefs interact with each other. An archeologist will greatly benefit from this field of study as they embark on a journey through time from the rise and fall of the world’s first civilization and the different culture on the different era of this very diverse and unique civilization. It can be for a personal reason as well; just wanting to learn about this unique country and trying to understand their origin, the beliefs and tradition that they have and how each one of us can find a part in India.

Study Indian Music

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Are you a music student who enjoys studying and learning the different varieties of music, including those of foreign lands?  Have you considered pursuing a Master of Arts degree in Indian Music?  Students pursuing a Master of Arts degree in Indian Music have the opportunity to study multiple varieties of Indian music—music which has a long history spanning many millennia and has developed over several eras.  To help you become a bit more familiar with this program, below we will describe the Master of Arts degree in Indian music in a bit more detail, including the course content and classes you’re likely to encounter and the eligibility requirements for admission into the program.
Master of Arts Degree in Indian Music:  Course Content
The Master of Arts degree in Indian Music is a program that spans two years or four full semesters, and is designed for students who want to study the various forms and genres of the music of India.  Students in the program will be exposed to India's classical music tradition, which includes Carnatic and Hindustani music, both of which have a long and rich history.  So too, does the light classical music of India that students will also study, which includes varieties such as humri, dadra, ghazal, chaiti, kajri and tappa.  Each of these forms remains fundamental to the lives of Indians today as sources of spiritual inspiration, cultural expression and pure entertainment.
Although the exact structure of the M.A. program in Indian music will vary from one institution to the next, a sample of the topics students will study while in the program is provided below:
  • Hindustani Music
  • Carnatic Music
  • Humri, dadra, ghazal, chaiti, kajri and tappa music
  • Musical sound and noise—Noad, Ahat and Anahat Noad, Pitch, Intensity, Timbre and unmusical sound.
  • Shruti, Swara, Shuddha and Vikrut Swara, Saptak, Sthana (Mondra, Madhya and Tara).
  • Shruties and arrangement of Swara, 12 notes (Swara) in a Saptak.
  • Thaata or Mela (10 main scale in Hindustani Sangut).
  • Raga – essentials of Raja, Vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi.
  • Study of Indian voice culture.
  • Sargan (Scale) exercises
  • Alankavs (Scale patterns) to study rhythms
  • Study of Ragas – Sargamgeet and Clhota-khyal in Raja yaman, Bhaivav and Kati.
  • Practice of producing different syllables on Tabla.
  • Study of rhythmic compositions (Kaida), variations and Tihai.
  • Study of Thekas in following Taal with oval rendering (single and double tempo).
  • And many more…
Master of Arts Degree in Indian Music:  Eligibility Requirements
To be eligible for admission into the Master of Arts degree program in Indian Music students must possess, at minimum, a Bachelor degree in Music and must be proficient in musical language.  Advanced knowledge of the Indian language and/or musical varieties is not required, however, it is helpful.  Students who complete the program become eligible to pursue a PhD degree in the field, which is typically offered by most universities that offer the Master of Arts program in the discipline.

Study Indian Philosophy

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Are you a graduate student, perhaps with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy, and looking for a unique specialty in which to focus your graduate studies?  Have you considered pursuing a Master of Arts degree in Indian Philosophy, a program that can also lead to PhD studies in the same discipline?  In the Master of Arts degree program in Indian Philosophy students have the unique opportunity to study some of the earliest philosophical compositions of the world, exposing them to a philosophical tradition that is as rich as it is diverse.  To help you become more familiar with this program, below we have provided a brief synopsis of the Master of Arts degree program in Indian Philosophy, including some of the content and topics you are likely to encounter and the eligibility requirements for admission into the program.
Master of Arts Degree in Indian Philosophy:  About the Program
The Master of Arts degree in Indian Philosophy is a two year research-training program specifically focused on India’s rich philosophical literature.  Students in the program will develop the research skills necessary to continue in the area, either as a PhD student or instructor, especially by learning to read different genres of Sanskrit philosophical texts, and developing competencies in the various Indian schools of thought.  Students will develop and hone their general philosophical knowledge, and study the relationship between Indian, Greek and European philosophical thinking.  In many institutions, the Master of Arts program also has links with local and regional Hindu and Buddhist groups outside academia.
Master of Arts Degree in Indian Philosophy:  Course Content and Topics
Students pursuing the Master of Arts degree in Indian Philosophy will study ancient texts dealing with the general and fundamental ideas and problems of existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Some of the subjects that are typically studied under this degree include:
  • Western Metaphysics
  • Traditional and Propositional Logic
  • Indian Epistemology
  • History and Philosophy of Natural Science
  • Analytic Philosophy
  • Indian Philosophies of Life
  • Philosophical Psychology
  • Early Buddhism
  • Sankhya
  • Schools of Vedanta Philosophy of Social Science
  • Environmental Philosophy and Ethics
  • Gandhian Philosophy
  • Ethics and Meta-ethics
  • And more…
Not only will students have the opportunity to delve fully into the rich traditions of Indian Philosophy, they will compare and contrast these schools of thought with those of Greek and European philosophers, including Plato, Descartes, Hume, Wittgenstein and Aquinas, among others.
Master of Arts Degree in Indian Philosophy:  Eligibility Requirements

Students who wish to pursue the Master of Arts Degree in Indian Philosophy must possess at least a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy or a related field.  Additionally, because the program will deal with ancient Indian texts, students should already have a reasonable competence in the Sanskrit language, for example through having attended a summer school or via other previous tuition.

Students who successfully complete the Master of Arts degree program are encouraged to continue into the PhD program—a three-year research program designed for students who have a particular interest in working with a member of the faculty on an area within their range of specialty.

Study Indian Styles of Dance

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Study Indigenous Studies

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Study Intellectual Property

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Study Intercultural Studies

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Study Islamic History and Culture

Choose where you would like to study Islamic History and Culture:

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Islamic History and Culture is usually a module or discipline which can be found as a part of another program – i.e. Islamic Studies, or any other history, geography, or social science-related program. The subject usually explores Islamic history, including both later medieval period and early modern times - the Spanish Ummayed rule, the Persian Safavid empire, the Indian Mughal dynasty and the Turkish Ottoman rule. You would learn about each of these dynasties or empires, exploring their cultural activities. This would help you gain a deeper understanding of the modern Islamic states, what drives their behaviors, and where they stem from.

Personal Qualities

Personal qualities required for this program are genuine interest in the subject as well as good memory and analytical skills. Further qualities may include:

  • An aptitude for the study of humanities
  • Excellent communication skills – especially written communication
  • Ability to draw out conclusions and present arguments

Study Options

As mentioned earlier, Islamic History and Culture is usually a subject that is part of another degree or certificate program. You could also be able to choose it within a master’s in history course, or similar. It is typically aimed to broaden the horizon of economic or history students who are interested in this area of study.

You could also look for various study abroad opportunities and internships if you wish to get really involved in the subject. Many institutions have excellent partnerships with universities from the Islamic world, and this can greatly enhance your study in the subject of Islamic History and Culture.

Career Opportunities

The study of this subject could greatly enhance your employability in many sectors. Depending on the major you are specializing in, the field could both enhance your intercultural understanding and equip you with many transferrable skills.

Study Jaina Studies

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IndiaThe United States

Are you a graduate student, perhaps with an undergraduate degree in history, philosophy or world religions and looking for a specialty in which to focus your graduate studies?  Have you considered pursuing a Master’s or Doctorate degree in Jaina Studies?  Jainism is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings.  In the present day, there are an estimated eight million followers of the Jaina ways, primarily in India, but also in growing numbers in North America, Western Europe, Australia and the Far East.  To help you become more familiar with Jaina Studies and the graduate degree program that bears its name, below we will provide a brief synopsis of Jainism and introduce you to the curriculum you are likely to encounter while pursuing this degree.
About Jaina Studies and Jainism
Followers of Jainism, a religion that originated in India, believe in non-violence, not only between humans but towards all living things.  They practice a doctrine and philosophy which emphasizes the necessity of moving the soul through self-effort towards a state of divine consciousness and liberation.  According to the Jaina doctrine, any soul that has conquered its own inner enemies, thus achieving the state of Supreme Being, is called a “jina,” which translates to victor or conqueror.  Under the religion, these perfect souls ultimately reach the desired status that all Jainists aspire to, a status called siddha.  Ancient writings also refer to Jainism as shramana dharma (self-reliant) or the path of nirganthas (those without attachments or aversions).
Graduate Programs in Jaina Studies
Jaina Studies is a program that is offered primarily at major Indian universities, but also at a select number of universities in places such as China and Spain.  The course of study is most commonly offered at the graduate level, with a Master of Arts degree in Jaina Studies serving as the prerequisite for the doctoral program.  Master’s degrees in the discipline typically span two to three years, while doctorate programs, which include a dissertation that must be approved by and presented to the faculty, can take anywhere from three to five years to complete.
The course content or curriculum for the Jaina Studies program is broken down into two main modules, The History of Jainism and Contemporary Jainism, each of which covers a number of different topics.
  • The History of Jainism.  While the Jain doctrine teaches that Jainism has always existed and will always exist, historians date the present form of Jainism back to sometime between the 9th and 6th centuries BCE.
  • Contemporary Jainism.  Jainism has approximately eight million followers worldwide, most of whom live in India.  In that country, the religion has had a significant influence on ethical, political and economic policy.  Jains have an ancient tradition of scholarship and have the highest degree of literacy for a religious community in India.  Jain libraries are the oldest in the country.
Some of the topics students will cover while pursuing a graduate degree in Jaina Studies include:
  • Main principles and core beliefs of Jainism
  • Non-violence and the concept of Karma
  • Customs and practices of Jainism, including meditation, pacifism, vegetarianism, monasticism and fasting.
  • Worship and rituals of the Jain religion
  • Jainism and its contribution to Indian culture
  • And many more…
Candidates who wish to pursue a Master of Arts degree in Jaina Studies must possess at least a Bachelor degree in philosophy, world religions, cultural studies or a related field, while doctoral candidates are expected to complete the M.A. program before applying for admission into the program.

Study Jewish Studies

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Jewish Studies program gives students a learning opportunity that will let them explore Jewish culture, history, arts, literature, and contemporary Jewish thoughts and its society. Jewish culture history, which can be traced back from over three thousands years, is a multidisciplinary study that highlights Jewish religious studies, the Bible as part of its literature, archeology, sociology, the Jewish languages, area studies, women’s studies, political science, and ethnic studies.

Universities and academic institutions offering the program include in their curriculum related fields of Jewish studies like the Holocaust years, Jewish Thought, and Israel Studies. In fact, it is inevitable to not discuss the mentioned subjects since its influence in the shaping of the Jewish culture is indispensable.

The high value given to the learning and study of Jewish Studies is something that students of the course should understand and appreciate very well. The Jewish history for instance has to be studied from medieval Jewish history to the contemporary Jewish history with high regard to the literature circling the mentioned periods.

As for more religious facets of the program, students ought to earn significant knowledge in Torah studies, an in-depth understanding of the Hebrew Bible, and the so called Rabbinic literature and Yiddish literature that are directly linked to Talmud and Midrash. Students will get immersed with modern approaches-applying literary and anthropological perspectives to the Bible. In fact, students of the program consider such kind of studies their religious obligations that need to be fulfilled.

The curriculum accentuates the importance of taking the course with chronological and disciplinary mode. Students in the end will have a thorough grounding in various methods of studying the course like philological and historical methods.

Broader context of comparative literature studies will also help students explore more contemporary issues like gender issues and the need to define national identity. The intellectual interests, conflicts, perspectives, and concerns on Jewish Studies provide students with productive dialogues and discourses of other disciplines of arts and humanities.

Jewish Studies a.k.a. Judaic Studies train the mental faculties of students to prepare themselves in acquiring career opportunities related in education, social works, business, communications, political science, modern culture, and sociology among others. The learning experience that will be earned by students will not simply let them have a full grasp of Jewish life and culture but let them deepen their understanding as they investigate more Jewish interests that will result in more opportunities outside the academe and more about the society.

The language requirements alone that enable students to communicate effectively using the Jewish language and understand more of its literature is an exemplary credential that will give them huge opportunities outside the classroom and more in handling and controlling Jewish real life situations.

Jewish Studies is nonetheless an interesting area of study that will also let students explore other related disciplines including the political situation in the Middle East, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the prominent profile of Jews. It is more than spiritual and philosophical studies rather a combination of every facets of the society.

Study Jewish-American Studies

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Study Language and Culture

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Study Latin American Studies

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ArgentinaAustraliaBrazilCanadaDenmarkEcuadorIndiaJapanMexicoNetherlandsSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Latino Studies

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ArgentinaIndiaItalySpainThe United States

The Latino Studies program is an interdisciplinary field of study about the experiences of people of Hispanic ancestry in the United States. Drawing upon the humanities and social sciences, Latino Studies looks into the history, culture, politics, issues and experiences of the Hispanic people. Moreover, this study deals with the historical, cultural, and social experiences of the Latino communities with a touch of transnational dimensions of the Latino life in the United States. The US Latino history can be divided into those of the Chicano, Puerto Rican, and Cuban history and their way of life in the foreign land. Subjects such as sociology, history, political science, religious studies, gender studies and literature are expected in the program.

There are a number of universities and colleges who are offering Latino Studies as an undergraduate as well as postgraduate program. Subject courses in Latino Studies may be divided into 3 categories: Literature, Media and Culture; History, Politics and Society; and Race, Gender and Sexuality. Under the group of Literature, Media and Culture, course subjects include: Latino Culture; US Latino and Latina Culture; The Chicano Experience; Contemporary US Latino Literature; Latino Literature; Latino Folklore; Hispanic Theatre Production; Latino Language, Ideology and Practice; Latino Media in the US; and Writing Latino Chicago. Under the group of History, Politics and Society, course subjects include: Mexican and Latin American Migration; Mexican and American History; Hispanics in the United States; Latino Social Movements; Issues in Latino Education; and History of the American West. Lastly, under the group of Race, Gender and Sexuality, course subjects include: US Racial and Ethnical Policies; Gender and Sexuality in Latino Literature; US Latina Literature and Iconography; Race and Cultural Diversity; Race, Sex and Deviance; Chicanos and Latinos in the US; and Constructing Race in America.

In general, students whose major are in the Latino Studies learn everything about the Latinos and Latinas in the United States. Moreover, there other course subjects that the Latino Studies program offers that are also related to the study of the Latinos in the US. Other course subjects include: Asian Americans and the Third World Movements; Multicultural Issues in Education; Transnational Latinos and the United States; Immigrant Nations; the World Music – Africa and the Americas; and Research Strategies in Latino Studies.

Students who majored in the Latino Studies program may choose a career path straight into the academic field. Latino Studies graduates can choose to be employed in schools, colleges and/or universities as professors or lecturers and teach Latino Studies and everything about it – history, literature, sociology, gender and culture studies and the like. Others may also pursue their careers in the field of research for private companies and firms who are inclined with the study of Latinos and Latinas in the US and in the world. Latino Studies graduates can work in museums, galleries, libraries, and cultural organizations and institutions where their expertise in Latino Studies will be utilized in its full capacity. Moreover, other graduates may also continue studying in graduate school and pursue graduate programs related to Latino Studies.

Study Literary culture

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Study Medieval Studies

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CanadaDenmarkGermanyHungaryIndiaNetherlandsSpainSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United States

The course Medieval Studies is a rare interdisciplinary program that primarily highlights the study of the history and culture of Middle Ages. The period of Middle Ages covers the late antiquity to the 15th century and is known to be a vibrant period of interaction, mutual influence, and interdependence that includes world-renowned battles and encounters of the three world’s greatest civilizations in the Mediterranean world: Latin Europe, the Islamic caliphates, and Byzantine Empire. They are all linked and influenced by the Greco-Roman civilization due to the occurrences of certain historical circumstances, religious developments, and local conditions of that time.

As the study further advances, students will be immersed with the rich and dynamic history and culture of this outstanding period. Learning opportunities are provided for the sake of all students desiring to have in-depth awareness of the great range of disciplines belonging to the medieval world. Moreover, students get introduced to the plethora of scholars and specialists who have expertise in medieval studies and who have been active and domineering in this program of study.

During the course, students are able to experience and enjoy opportunities that will trigger their interests as they discover interrelationships of other medieval disciplines that can not be easily acquired within traditional academic compartmentalization.

Skills and practices are also revealed and students will be taught to acquire such skills as a manifestation of their ability to handle pressing issues of the modern world since there is an unbreakable connection of the past events during the medieval period to the contemporary period. Such skills will also be relevant in gaining deeper and more critical stream of thoughts to mark an era that is a result of a thousand years of European history.

Medieval Studies focus on the study of art, history, languages, literature, philosophy, religion, and science of the period that has been prominent until it has reached the age of modernity. Students who successfully completed the Medieval Studies program are equipped with priceless education that can be used in careers that involve teaching courses on medieval subjects, organization of medieval lectures and symposium, and in holding projects that are directly linked to acquisition of a vast wealth of resources needed in conducting medieval researches.

Indeed, every century has its own creations, innovations, and undertakings that served as concrete foundation of specific periods. The Middle Ages is no different since it embodies an entirely different period of time that has its own form of literature, languages, architecture, culture, and art among others. Middle Ages is divided into various periods namely Early Middle Ages, High Middle Ages, and Later Middle Ages and Middle Ages had religion as its highest stature. The church and state in the Medieval Europe, the crusades, the pilgrimage, papacy, Medieval inquisition, heresy, monastic orders, Judaism, Islam, and Reconquista among others are the hottest and often highlighted events of the Middle Ages.

Thus, students who choose to pursue Medieval Studies should prepare themselves in finally deciding which medieval concentration they should take which could either be literature or language.

Study Mediterranean Studies

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The Mediterranean civilization has been considered, since Greco-Roman times as the cradle of Western civilization. Geographically also, there are theories that state that the Mediterranean region is also the site of a fault line between the exotic East and a consistent West. In fact, it is said that the Mediterranean defines the West. However, a study of Mediterranean studies is important to change the perceptions of Eastern exoticism and Western consistency.
Most importantly, the Mediterranean has connected different parts of the globe and has helped shape social, political, cultural and commercial developments. Furthermore, the intellectual experience that one can gain while reading the works of Plato and Homer, the New and Old Testaments whether it is in English or any of the original languages is indescribable. Undertaking a course on the Mediterranean studies will take one back in time – to a period that is millennia or more in age. It will help students to gain an insight on what happened during ancient times. This will in turn provide insights into the Western and Eastern philosophies, their literature and institutions. Thus, there is the importance of Mediterranean studies.

Study Options:

Various courses and branches that could be taken up cover fields such as mythology, art and literature, Anthropology, Archeology, History and Classics. Some branches of Mediterranean studies such as archeology and history require specific skill sets such as the knowledge of erstwhile Mediterranean cultures, interpreting those cultures and a good understanding of advanced methods in archeology.

A Mediterranean archaeologist requires important skills, which include knowledge of past Mediterranean cultures, cultural interpretation and advanced archaeological methods. For one to earn a Bachelor of Arts with specializations in Liberal Arts and Sciences, requires students to complete requirements prescribed by the college and university. Some of the major requirements include completing relevant credits in Intermediate Greek and Latin, Classical Literature and civilization and Greek mythology.

Students who undertake Mediterranean studies are required to be active participants and contribute research papers, publications and participate in conferences that may be local or global in nature. They are expected to have an eye for detail especially in areas such as classical art and archeology. Students are expected to be knowledgeable in their areas of interest, display understanding and be prepared to engage, influence, be motivated and provide impact in a broader context.

Career Options:

Students, who major in Mediterranean studies, may be in a position to pursue careers that involve teaching in various schools, colleges and universities. They may also find opportunities in law firms and as professional scholars. It has now been reported that Mediterranean studies may also help students to enter medical, law and divinity schools. Many others have taken up positions in business after completing an MBA degree. It is to be noted that the skill sets acquired by students while obtaining their training helps in critical thinking, having an eye for detail and being precise with their expressions. These are skill sets that are in wide demand and are respected by employers.

Study Metropolitan Studies

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Study Mexican Culture

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Study Mexican Studies

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Study Middle Eastern Studies

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Basically, the program Middle Eastern Studies is a subset of Asian studies that focus on the study of the region’s politics, culture, economy, and geography. Geographically speaking, Middle East region is an area that covers a wide range of nations that extend from North Africa to the west of the Chinese frontier. Countries namely Egypt, Iraq, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Pakistan, and Palestine are part of the Middle East region.

Some academic institutions include Islamic Studies of the program’s curriculum to give students wider breadth and scope of learning since Middle East is dominated by the Muslims. Moreover, the program is also considered to be a language study since learning the predominant languages in the region would be essential to students aspiring for more comprehensive understanding of the Middle East. The major and modern languages that are being covered by the program include the study of Arabic, Hebrew, Turkish, and Persian. While there is a legitimate need to discuss modern history of the Middle East, the ancient languages, and the study of the Islam and Judaism, students should become more aware of the present issues pressing the Middle East and the modern world.

The course’s curriculum highlights the need to equip students with literary theories and cultural studies to help them cope with contentious issues being addressed to learners of the degree. One issue that is often emphasized is the bias perspective towards Islamic people due to their religion and culture. The book entitled Orientalism published by Edward Said is a sensational book that later on became a standard text of the study as it defends the Middle East region against prejudice caused by Western Imperialism.

Another issue worth noting for Middle Eastern Studies is the threat caused by Islamic terrorism as perceived by detractors of the program. As a result, universities and other academic institutions need to be sensitive and critical enough to tackle Middle Eastern studies programs to prevent serious and substantive occurrences of inconsistencies.

At present, there is a serious problem linked to the study of the course itself as more and more professionals, organizations, and communities perceive the need to neutralize the objectives set for the program. Such organizations and people believe that the mixing of politics with scholarship should be distinguished and not be used as a means to promote analytical failures among students. There shouldn’t be any abuse of power over students who view things differently but encourage them to study the discipline with extra care and sensitivity.

Middle Eastern Studies embraces history-related studies, from classical periods to current and modern approaches required in exploring the depth of social, cultural, religious, and literary characteristics of the theories and approaches used in gaining a broader knowledge of the course.

Other topics under the course include the modern Islamic thought, the role of women in the world dominated by Muslims, translation studies, the classic and modern Jewish thought, Shiism, rabbinic Judaism, the Turkish linguistics, the Pre-Islamic and the history of Christianity in the Middle East, the relationship of Europe and the Arab Middle East, and the Israeli Culture among others.

Study Minority Studies

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Study Modern Greek Studies

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IndiaSwitzerlandThe United KingdomThe United States

Learning a new language always is a rewarding experience both financially and professionally. Often times, a good position in the company becomes available and when they hire a new guy, a lot of applications would come in and when it comes to the last set of candidates to choose from, the name of game would be about on who has more skills. One of those skills that really can impress HRD directors is those who can speak other languages such as Modern Greek.

Modern Greek language is the official language in Greece and as well as Cyprus. Studying standard Modern Greek would not be limited to studying saying the words, learning the syntax and grammar or learning how to write Modern Greek but students would also be exposed with other related fields such as Greek literature, history of the country as a whole, the culture in Greece and how the language interplay with literature, history and culture, which are whole areas of studies unto themselves. Generally, Modern Greek would be referred to as the language of the people of Greece since 1453 AD to distinguish it from Koine Greek and Medieval Greek languages. The Modern Greek language has about 12 dialects namely: Cappadocian, Cheimarriotika, Cretan, Cypriot, Demotic, Griko, Katharevousa, Pontic, Tsakonian, Sarakatsanian, Maniot and Yevanic. Among the dialects, standard Modern Greek is also sometimes referred to as the Demotic dialect, but linguists would argue that they are not synonymous. Demotic would refer to the tongue that has evolved naturally among the natural speakers of Modern Greek, while the official Modern Greek is really more of a combination of Demotic and Katharevousa. So most likely, even students who are new to the Greek language wouldn’t have too much a hard time with learning Modern Greek as the language is just about a combination of two dialects and not all of the 12 other dialects. Enrollees of this course would, of course, be learning another language and culture and so this will not be an easy course altogether, especially, in the thesis writing part which will prove how much one has really grasped the language.

Greece and Cypress are both members of the European Union; businesses who would like to gain a foothold in the luxurious European market need not look elsewhere as Greece and Cypress could be a good base of operations. Foreign investors would definitely come looking for people who can speak the language with ease and fluency. No one can really tell the emergence of a country into an economic power. Back then after the war, Japan was a devastated country. In two decades time, it conquered the world in a different way by strengthening its economy. People who can speak Japanese suddenly found themselves in demand and got positions they would never dream of having had they not knew how to speak Japanese. Right now, the trend of progress is geographical, and so if Europe progresses that would also mean that its components are progressing too. If suddenly Greece or Cyprus emerges as the next economic powerhouse of Europe then anyone who is knowledgeable with standard Modern Greek could very well have landed a goldmine. People, business enterprises or governments who would like to foster closer cooperation with either Greece or Cyprus would have no choice but to place an ad for people who have studied Modern Greek.

Study Modern Studies

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Modern Studies is an undergraduate degree program now being offered by many universities throughout the world.  Among other things, the program is designed for students who want to explore the world of ideas, the ways of life and the social structure that traces its roots back to western countries in the early half of the 18th century.  To help familiarize you with the program, in the article below we have provided a brief definition of modernity and modern studies, and outlined some of the core and elective curriculum you’ll encounter as you pursue this enlightening degree.
About the Bachelor of Arts Degree in Modern Studies
The term “Modern Studies” refers to an interdisciplinary branch of study in the field of humanities that deals with the origins of our present way of life and the changes that have since ensued.  The reason these studies are called “interdisciplinary” is because they involve a multi-lateral approach to the study of the present, an approach that evokes elements of history, philosophy, literature and other branches of the social sciences.
Students who pursue a Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern Studies will explore the history of thought, writings and events that took place from the middle of the 1700s to the present—a time when superstition and religion were replaced by scientifically-based logic.  The program, which typically spans four years or eight full semesters in duration, includes both core and elective coursework, with class titles that may include:
  • Deconstructing the 20th Century
  • Industrialization and Globalization in the Modern World
  • The Concept of Modernity
  • Qualitative Research Methods in the Study of Modernity
  • Gender Studies
  • Introduction to Modern Journalism and Media Studies
  • History of Ideas
  • Modern Studies Seminar I-IV
  • Critical Analysis of Information
  • Ethics and Moral Controversy
  • The Study of Society
  • Philosophy of Education
  • Linguistic Development and Children‘s Reading
  • History and Society
  • International Politics
  • B.A. Thesis in Modern Studies
  • And more…
Why Choose Modern Studies?
Graduates with a degree in Modern Studies are very employable, especially in the teaching fields of social science and the humanities, but in addition to the many career prospects this degree can offer, there are several reasons why it makes sense to enroll in a program of this type.  Some of these include:
  • Modern Studies offers a broad view of the humanities and social sciences.
  • Because Modern Studies explores a number of different societies, the program is ideal for those students who plan to study abroad as part of their university experience.
  • A Bachelor of Arts degree in Modern Studies is a great stepping-stone program for those who plan to pursue an advanced degree in the social sciences or humanities.
To be eligible for admission into the Bachelor of Arts degree program in Modern Studies, students must possess a high school diploma or its equivalent and have strong reading, writing and research skills.  Some institutions may also require a passing score on an entrance examination prior to be admitted to the university or program.

Study Moroccan Culture

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Study Multicultural Studies

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Study New Zealand Studies

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IndiaThe United States

Are you a graduate student with an interest in the beautiful country of New Zealand and would like to learn more about its people, culture and society?  Have you considered pursuing an advanced degree in the field of New Zealand Studies?  The Master of Arts degree in New Zealand Studies is a course of study that explores many subfields with regard to New Zealand, including its history, literature, politics, economy and culture, and is ideal for anyone with an interest in this fantastic country, regardless of whether that interest is personal or professional.  To help you learn more about what this popular degree track entails, below we have compiled some of the specifics of the Master of Arts degree program in New Zealand Studies, including a brief course description, a sample of some of the information the program covers and the eligibility requirements for admission.
Master of Arts Degree in New Zealand Studies:  Course Description
The Master of Arts Degree in New Zealand Studies is an advanced graduate-level course of study that is currently being offered by hundreds of colleges and universities throughout the world.  The program, which generally spans eighteen months to two years in duration, focuses not only on the country of New Zealand, but on its people, society, culture and traditions.  Students will study the various ethnic groups in the country, including the indigenous Polynesian group known as the Maori, along with the various languages and regional dialects that are spoken within its borders.  Another module in the course focuses on the diverse culture of New Zealand, and introduces students to some of the most famous artistic works, musical pieces and literature that have originated from the country.  Economics, politics and social policy is also an emphasis, as are some of the traditions and customs that make New Zealand so unique.  Upon graduation, students will have increased their knowledge base and gained a strong appreciation of the New Zealand people—knowledge and skills that will broaden their horizons and perhaps even enhance their employment prospects.
Master of Arts Degree in New Zealand Studies:  Course Content and Requirements
Like most graduate programs, the Master of Arts Degree in New Zealand Studies features both core and elective courses, the latter of which enables students to pursue courses that are of particular interest to them.  Some of these courses include:
  • History of New Zealand.  This course covers the history of New Zealand, dating back at least 700 years to when it was discovered and settled by Polynesians, who developed a distinct Maori culture centered on kinship links and land. The first European explorer to discover New Zealand was Abel Janszoon Tasman on 13 December 1642. Captain James Cook, who reached New Zealand in October 1769 on the first of his three voyages, was the first European explorer to circumnavigate and map New Zealand.
  • New Zealand and Literature.  In this course students will learn about the early roots of New Zealand’s literature, which was basically story-telling converted to written form.  New Zealand poetry will also be covered, including the Māori sung poems called waiata, and students will be introduced to some of the most famous novelists of the region, including Patricia Grace, Albert Wendt and Maurice Gee.
  • Culture of New Zealand.  This course features studies in many of the subfields of New Zealand culture, including its languages, religion, arts, attitudes, political views and cuisine.
To qualify for admission into the Master of Arts degree program in New Zealand Studies, students must have earned at least a bachelor’s degree, preferably in a language or social science field, with a grade point average of 2.5 or better in all required coursework.  Some institutions may also require a passing score on a graduate entrance examination, letters of recommendation and/or a personal interview with the program faculty.

Study Pacific Studies

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IndiaThe United States

December 7, 1941 marked the commencement of the Pacific War upon the Pearl Harbour Blast courtesy of the defiant gesture of Japan against the United States. Specifically, it happens to be a remarkable component of the World War II which took place along the Pacific coasts on its extensive scope. In turn, the war is characterized by simultaneous battles hence the Pacific Ocean, South West Pacific, and South East Asian theatres. Not just that for it likewise involves the 2nd Sino-Japanese and Soviet Japanese Conflicts. Unfortunately, the four-year showdown of arms and forces has been concluded at the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic explosions in 1945 in favour of America. All these and more comprise the interesting course programs on Pacific Studies.

History best tells the special interests given to South Pacific countries. As a matter of fact, the Institute of Pacific Relations was organized in the early 20th century. In particular, this international non-government organization has been established to tackle issues regarding relations of countries within the Pacific territory. In the same way, it is obligated to propose policies for the betterment of national status among the sovereignties involved. Upon approval of the National Council, these policies are carried out through programs implemented by its local representatives.

Furtherance of inquiry was made possible through Pacific Studies aimed at creating awareness and appreciation of Pacific heritage and culture. Apart from Oceania which commonly includes Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and Australasia, it also encompasses South Pacific nations such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Taiwan. Academic queries similarly extends to the colonial influences brought about by powerful colonial empires of America, Australia, Britain, France, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia, and Spain.

Subject of studies is likewise diverse inclusive of archaeology, anthropology, arts, geography, history, language, literature, and politics. This way, academes can develop knowledgeable and skilled pool of experts that can deal with many different global concerns in the Pacific.

The Pacific has been a remarkable region worth the attention given by the world community. No wonder, the demand for further inquiry brought about the expanding pool of experts on this specific discipline. In particular, it is tendered in most universities all over the globe from East to West. Not just that for these educational institutions likewise established relevant research centres for in depth studies regarding the matter. For instance, Centre for Asian and Pacific Studies (CAPS) are established in American universities such as Stanford University, University of Oregon, University of Iowa, etc.

Pacific studies specialists await an extensive array of job opportunities. This holds true not only in the Pacific region but also in the global community. Specifically, graduates can find jobs in multinational companies with marketing interest in the Pacific which need cultural background assessment, in turn. In the same way, the government also offers employment privileges particularly on foreign relations with Pacific nations. The United Nations is even an interesting career niche for Asia Pacific experts considering its concern on this particular region hence the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.

Study Peruvian Studies

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IndiaThe United States

Study Polish Studies

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Study Population Studies

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AustraliaEthiopiaGuatemalaIndiaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesThailandThe United States

The field of Population Studies aims at analyzing the patterns of demographic change and the processes involved.  It attempts to explain the demographic trends, the factors inducing these trends, and the consequences such changes and processes lead to.

Earlier, Population Studies were not given much priority, and were considered in some way a small sub-group of anthropological studies. However, at present, various kinds of information and statistical knowledge about demographic patterns are necessary in all fields of study, research and even business. This need has gradually emphasized the importance of Population Studies. The contribution of this field to the other subjects of study is commendable. For example, sociologists, politicians, administrators, environmentalists, bio-scientists, and many others need detailed information about population trends.

What the Course Usually Includes

A major course on Population Studies will ideally include both sociological and analytical demographic studies. If we look at the detailed course structure, we will find some basic broad topic like theories of demographic behaviors, study of population policies, lessons on conducting quantitative and qualitative research, etc. These courses ought to reveal not only the factors which induce such behavioral patterns but also the effects these have on the society and the environment as a whole. It is in this respect that fields of economics, sociology, ecology, genetics and politics are highly dependent on Population Studies.

Eligibility and Qualifications

Most of the universities and educational institutions offer masters course in Population Studies. Therefore, the minimum qualification necessary for gaining admission to these courses is a Bachelors degree in science, social science or commerce subjects. The admission procedure differs from one university to another. The general duration of the course is two years within which the candidate is expected to present a thesis paper.

Those who are interested in academia can go into the research fields after completing masters. PhD programs on population studies are offered by most of the universities. There are also a wide range of career options available for those who study population Studies in government, non-government and business sectors. For those who have excellent analytical capabilities and knowledge of statistical tools and methods, jobs involving public policy making is a good option. Survey and research based jobs are also offered by major think tanks and institutions.

Interdisciplinary Study Option 

The study of Population Studies is not limited to study of any particular subject. Because human behavior is shaped by varied factors and these factors in turn are affected by demographic patterns. This requires a scholar of this subject to delve into considerable depths of various fields of study at the same time. One needs to study genetic evolution as much as migratory patterns, social practices as well as economic activities. Population study therefore offers a chance to experience different subjects within one unified whole. All one has to do in order to excel in this field of study is to keep their eyes and brains open for understanding to some extent all that is happening around them as everything involves human population in today’s world.

Study Puerto Rican Studies

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IndiaThe United States

Study Recreation Studies

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Study Regional Studies

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Costa RicaDenmarkEthiopiaIndiaPolandRussiaSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

Regional Studies refers to the study of a particular region or geographical area from a specific point of view. For geographers, regional studies would refer to the in-depth study of the geographical features and characteristics of that region. One the other hand for a scholar of International Relations, it might very well refer to the study of the political scenario and socio-political environment of a distinct region.

What It Actually Involves

The fact that Regional Studies is all about a well defined geographical area is pretty clear. The scholars, no matter from which school of study, will concentrate on that region with occasional reference to others while comparing and explaining its relation with other regions. This being said, let us look at how different fields of study refer to Regional Studies. Geographically a region may have distinctive territorial features, climatic patterns, flora and fauna and habitual behavior of population residing there. So, a student of geography who is interested in regional studies will specialize on the geological and ecological features of a region. He/she will learn to analyze the region with these particular facts in mind. 

On the other hand, for a student of International Studies, or International Relations, what matters about the region under study is the region’s history, socio-political structure, governmental forms functioning in the region, political economy of the area, the regional organizations that exist (if any), and the region’s relation with the rest of the world in terms of all the above aspects. What needs to be mentioned is that Regional Studies is an interdisciplinary approach. Whenever a specific region is considered, its study is seldom done exclusively as one exclusive discipline.

Eligibility to Study Regional Studies

Because Regional Studies involves specialized studies, it is important for those applying to have a basic graduation degree in related subjects. One should have the ability to recognize and analyze various factors involved in Regional Studies. A basic knowledge about science and humanities subjects is necessary.

Some of the most important Regional Studies offered by universities all over the world are African region studies, Central Asian studies, European studies, South East Asian studies, etc. Apart from universities, various advanced study centers and higher learning institutions also offer courses on Regional Studies. Governmental and non-governmental scholarships and fellowships are awarded to competent students. 
Career Options

Research and academics line is the most suitable career path for students pursuing Regional Studies. However, that does not mean that other career options do not exist. Jobs in specialized governmental departments especially in foreign relations department are there. Because the government depends on people who are experts in matters of regional issues for policy making, these scholars always play an important role. Jobs in the media sector and business sector are also available for those who are interested. By and large, option for diversification is available for all those students of Regional Studies who do not wish to stick to the world of academics.

Study Renaissance Studies

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Renaissance Studies is widely known as another arterial branch of history that is considered as humanity’s turning point regarding its current civilization, particularly the revolution of the known arts, sciences and the field of medicine. It was also the point in time of history where revolutionary perspectives regarding human philosophy were introduced by names such as Niccolo Machiavelli, Huldrych Zwingli and of course Martin Luther.

Now, as in all courses, one would always start with the basics, particularly its history. In the early stages of the study the students would be introduced to Giotto di Bondone the father of the renaissance. At this particular stage of the study the students would be basically immersed in his work and his contribution that lead to the birth of the Renaissance particularly for his joined essays and writing with the renowned painter Michael Angelo. Bondone’s works as an architect literally paved the way in deviating from the medieval gothic style of structures, and as a quick fact he is also the one who came up with the concept of romantic love, so if ever your love life isn’t working out too well, he’s the guy to blame because he was the one who came up with it in the first place.

The study of the Renaissance is probably the branch of history with the widest scope and perspective when it comes to the variety in its subject area. For example the middle ages didn’t exactly present or hold that much interest since records are mostly unavailable which is why it was practically known as the Dark Ages. Plus the interest of the people during those times at least in Europe was considered to be too tied in to Christianity, writing and rewriting the bible by candle light was all the rage. That is why after the preliminary study of the historical origins and aspects of the renaissance they would be given the choice of mastering or concentrating in particular subject areas regarding particular concept of ventures regarding the renaissance.

The basic branches of Renaissance Studies would be the renaissance’s art forms, philosophy, theology, science and politics. But of course these subjects are only the tip of the iceberg since the renaissance is also known as the human intellectual revolution because the grasp of the Catholic Church was currently being challenged by Martin Luther, ergo previous limits and restrictions were all broken. This means that human expression have reached a peak that was impossible before due to the restrictions imposed by the Catholic Church. It sums up that the limit of what was in the renaissance was too broad to be studied and mastered in general. That is why the students would literally be forced to only master and concentrate in some specific areas. Most prefer art especially for aspiring artists, because it would give one the chance in probing for the secrets of the masters, Michael Angelo, Donatello, Rafael and of course Dan Brown’s favorite; Leonardo.

Study Saiva Siddhanta Studies

Choose where you would like to study Saiva Siddhanta Studies:

IndiaThe United States

Are you a student who is interested in ancient world religions and the philosophy, writings and practices that comprise them?  Have you considered pursuing a graduate degree in Saiva Siddhanta Studies?  Saiva Siddhanta is a dualistic philosophy that provides the normative rites, cosmology and theological categories of tantric Shaivism, one of the four most widely followed sects of Hinduism.  Graduate students pursuing a degree in Saiva Siddhanta Studies have the unique opportunity to explore this ancient religion, its history and present day practices, and to gain knowledge in the philosophy and writings that have made it popular to this day.  To help you become a bit more familiar with the graduate degree in Saiva Siddhanta Studies, below we will provide a brief description of the program, including the course content and the typical requirements for admission.
Saiva Siddhanta Studies
Saiva Siddhanta Studies is a Master’s and Doctorate-level degree program that is offered primarily in Indian universities, but also in other institutions throughout the world.  The program generally spans two to three years in duration at the Master’s level, with the doctoral program lasting an additional two to four years depending on the university.  In general, the programs at both levels are designed for students with an interest in Hinduism and Hindu philosophy, particularly the sect known as Shaivism and how it has evolved through the years.
About Shaivism and Saiva Siddhanta Studies
As mentioned earlier, Shaivism is one of the four sects of Hinduism, the sect that reveres the god Shiva as the Supreme Being.  Followers of Shaivism, called “Shaivas,” Saivas” or Shaivites,” believe that Shiva is not only everything, but in everything as well, the creator, preserver, destroyer, revealer and concealer of all that is.  The ultimate goal or philosophy of the Shaivas is to become an ontologically distinct Shiva through Shiva’s grace—a state known as Saiva Siddhanta.
The tradition known as Saiva Siddhanta was once practiced all over India.  However, the Muslim subjugation of North India restricted Saiva Siddhanta to the south, where it merged with the Tamil Saiva movement, a movement expressed in the bhakti poetry of the Nayanars.  It is in this historical context that Saiva Siddhanta is commonly considered a “southern” tradition, one that is still very much alive today.  Saiva Siddhanta has millions upon millions of followers, mainly in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, but also in other parts of the world, including North America.  Today it has active temples in Tamil and Sri Lanka and a number of monastic/ascetic traditions, along with its own community of priests, the Adisaivas, who are qualified to perform Saiva Siddhantin temple rituals. 
The courses offered through the Master’s and Doctorate degree programs in Saiva Siddhanta cover a great many topics, including:
  • The History and Origins of Saiva Siddhanta
  • Theology and Practices in Saiva Siddhantism
  • Writings and Canons in Saiva Siddhanta
  • Saiva Siddhanta Today
  • And many more…
Students who wish to pursue the Master of Arts degree in Saiva Siddhanta Studies must possess at least a Bachelor Degree in the same or a related discipline, with a 2.5 grade point average or better in all of their previous coursework.  Doctoral candidates must first complete the M.A. program in Saiva Siddhanta Studies prior to being considered for admission.

Study Samoan Studies

Choose where you would like to study Samoan Studies:

American SamoaIndiaThe United States

Samoan Studies program focuses on teaching students with the language, the culture, the society, along with studies related to Samoan art history, education, music, and history. The program introduces everything that can be learned and taught about the Samoan region as it provides an excellent pathway to students who want to acquire productive and worthy learning experience.

Students who have Samoan origin would be drawn on their Samoan heritage and the program will let them understand important aspects of Samoan culture, tradition, practices, and way of life. Such facets of a specific society will help students acquire significant knowledge about the significant group of Pacific Islands people that inhabit in New Zealand.

Samoa, which comprises 50% of Pacific Islands population (approximately 120,000), officially known as the Independent State of Samoa, is a rich country located in the western part of the Samoan Islands, in the south of Pacific Ocean. It acquired its independence from New Zealand in 1962 and with its affluence in terms of heritage and culture; the world of Samoans has become an indispensable part of world history and world culture and arts.

Samoan Studies delve into the dynamic changes that have taken place in this corner of the world as it serves as a stimulating training foreground in pursuing research cases and analysis. The program will not only let students effectively communicate using the Samoan language, the third most spoken language in New Zealand, but will get them interested and absorbed in learning more about Samoan cultural identity.

After completing the course, students will get a good chance in acquiring teaching positions in New Zealand schools to teach the Samoan language and culture to the young bloods. Graduates of Samoan Studies are also qualified to take duties and responsibilities of social workers as they are equipped with skills, knowledge, and education to become effective public servants.

The benefits of learning the Samoan language will be apparent as Samoan Studies degree holders can give their contribution in imparting better understanding of the Samoan community. The language and culture skills acquired by students of the course serve as their strengths and qualifications in landing a job that deals with language that is written and translated for resource development. Various sectors of the society provide students of the course career opportunities that will make them excellent in various sectors of the both the public and private spheres namely health, education, justice system, social work, and in business industries.

The courses included in the curriculum will give students, graduate and postgraduates, proper understanding and appreciation of Samoan people by having their own research that pertains to disseminating knowledge on Samoan Studies. Some of the subjects included in the curriculum that are worth taking note are: the modern world and Samoa, the archeology of Samoa, the important periods of Samoan history, the Samoan language, culture, economy, politics, and the social changes that have taken place in the country.

Samoan Studies is certainly an interesting and challenging course to pursue because it provides students with immense bodies of knowledge about this tiny region of the world.

Study Scandinavian Languages

Choose where you would like to study Scandinavian Languages:

CanadaDenmarkGermanySwedenThe United KingdomThe United States

Study Scottish Studies

Choose where you would like to study Scottish Studies:

The United KingdomThe United States

Study Slavonic & Finno-Ugrian Studies

Choose where you would like to study Slavonic & Finno-Ugrian Studies:

IndiaThe United States

Are you interested in studying the languages, literature and culture of the Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian nations and people?  Have you considered pursuing an undergraduate or graduate degree in Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian Studies?  The countries of the Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian world have played a prominent role in international life, and have produced a number of noteworthy scientists, artists, musicians, philosophers and authors.  As a result, many colleges and universities throughout the world have now begun offering both undergraduate and graduate degrees in which students can explore the various contributions of these people, with the goal of passing this information along to future generations of students.  To help you become more familiar with these degree programs, below we will briefly describe some of the course content you’re likely to encounter while pursuing a degree in Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian studies and outline some of the typical requirements for admission into each of these programs.

Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian Studies:  Degree Programs, Course Content and Admission Requirements

As mentioned briefly above, most major colleges and universities in the world now offer both undergraduate and graduate (Masters and Doctorate-level) degree programs in Slavic and Finno-Ugrian Studies.  At the undergraduate or Bachelor level, the degree program typically spans four years and includes both topic-specific courses as well as the general education curriculum required by the institution.  The general education component of the program is much like any other Bachelor of Arts program, and includes classes in subjects such as mathematics, science, social and behavioral studies, communication and speech, and composition.  To qualify for admission into the undergraduate program, students must, at minimum, possess a high school diploma or its equivalent and have strong research and writing skills.

The Master of Arts degree in Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian Studies is typically a two-year program and features a much more advanced curriculum.  To qualify for admission into this program, students must possess at least a Bachelor degree in the same or similar field and have a 3.0 grade point average in all topic-related courses.  Admission requirements for the PhD program in Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian Studies depend on the university, but generally a Master’s degree in the field with above average grades is the minimum requirement for program entry.

Slavic Studies

The Slavic Studies portion of the degree deals with the languages, literature and culture of people who hail from nations such as Croatia, the Czech Republic, Poland, Russia, Serbia and Ukraine.  Most classes at the undergraduate level are instructed in English and do not require any specific linguistic preparation.  However, for those of you planning to pursue the degree at the Master’s or Doctorate level, keep in mind that most universities will require at least two-years of study in one of the Slavic or Finno-Ugrian languages.

Finno-Ugrian Studies

The Finno-Ugrian component of the degree program takes an in-depth look at the languages and culture of the Finno-Ugrian people of Europe, those who speak one of the languages of the Finno-Ugric language family.  This includes the Finns, Estonians, Mordvins and Hungarians.  The languages of these people are very unique, in that they are part of the Uralic language family that is not related to any of the Indo-European languages such as Germanic, Slavic and the Romance languages of Western Europe.

In addition to studying the Slavic and Finno-Ugrian people in relation to their home country in Eastern Europe, the degree program in Slavic and Finno-Ugrian Studies also looks at immigration trends and examines the many contributions these people have made outside of Europe, particularly in large countries such as the United States and Canada, where their populations are over 2 million respectively.

Study Social and Cultural Analysis

Choose where you would like to study Social and Cultural Analysis:

AustriaMexicoSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSpainThe United States

The complexity of the human society and how they evolve is truly a marvel as nobody can say exactly where it is heading. Human society is usually dictated by several factors like technological advances, religion, geography, form of government and the economy. All these factors play a major role, and depending on how the collective consciousness of the people in a particular place, region, country or continent mixes these factors would then result into a unique culture. Predicting a culture like let’s say 5 years from now for any particular place would be impossible to predict as no one knows which technological advances would be in place, which philosophical thinking would be in everyone’s minds, what kind of change the geography might shape into, what form of government would be adopted or what the economy will be during that time. However, if people cannot predict exactly how a culture will evolve, the closest thing right now is that experts on this area of study can explain why a present culture has evolved as such through a field of study called Social and Cultural Studies. By learning how a particular society evolved through analysis of its history and existing social norms and mores, then they could have a basis for inference on what likely would be the cultural profile of a particular city, country or continent in the near future in the absence of new factors.

This course is designed not only to give an insight to the behavioral patterns of a particular culture as a whole but its parts as well. This means that Social and Cultural Analysis Studies would be looking at the interaction of individuals, group of people, institutions like a church or government, economies and environments as well. Emphasis on concepts like labor studies, critical race theory, feminism and queer studies, ethnic studies along with developments on urbanization, immigration and emigration and identity formations on a past and present perspective.

Students of this course will be given a field of specialization to choose from. Currently, there are 6 programs to major in and these are Gender and Sexuality Studies, Metropolitan Studies, Latino Studies, African Studies, American Studies, and Asian/Pacific Studies.

Graduates of this versatile course would not have a hard time looking for future employment as they could fit in into a lot of job descriptions. Those who can have a degree on Social and Cultural Studies can become an Arts director or administrator, an activist, journalist and editors, environmentalist, health administrator, could pursue to become lawyers, academicians, museum curators, political analyst, policy analysts, public administrators, social workers and urban planners. Of course, the further studies one take, the more opportunities will come and the more superior remuneration package one could demand. The usual employers of graduates of Cultural and Social Studies find themselves employed mostly by non-profit organizations, NGOs and government agencies. Social and Cultural Studies graduates or even students would also be in the best position right now to take advantage on the current rage happening on the internet, the social phenomenon called blogging. Writing about current events and their social impact to any culture and society would surely be a hit in search engine optimization as people would always be clamoring for explanations even for non-trivial things like why the Tamagochi, the digital pet, became a hit among Japanese kids only or why Barney, even though not cute, has such an appeal to toddlers.

Study Social and Cultural Anthropology

Choose where you would like to study Social and Cultural Anthropology:

SpainThe United States

Study Social Studies

Choose where you would like to study Social Studies:

ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaBelarusBelgiumBrazilBrunei DarussalamBulgariaCambodiaCanadaCentral African RepublicChileChinaColombiaCosta RicaCyprusDenmarkEcuadorEl SalvadorEstoniaFijiFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGuatemalaGuyanaHungaryIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandJamaicaKenyaKuwaitLebanonMaltaMauritiusMexicoNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandPakistanPanamaPeruPolandPortugalPuerto RicoRussiaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSouth AfricaSpainSwitzerlandTaiwanTanzaniaThailandThe United KingdomThe United StatesUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUruguayVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands, U.S.YemenZimbabwe

Social Study involves the study of people, their activities and relationships, their physical and socio-cultural environment and how they strive to meet their needs. To summarize, it is the study of human group experiences – it has an interdisciplinary nature, drawing from a variety of Social Science subjects – History, Sociology, Geography, Political Science, Social Psychology, Economics, Anthropology, etc.

With relation to this explanation, it can be concluded that social workers help people to deal with personal and social problems. This can happen either directly, or through the planning and carrying out of programs that benefit groups and communities. Social workers provide counseling services to individuals, who are going through crisis (these may be due to death, illness, relationship breakdown, or others). They also provide such people with the necessary information about different programs and services that can help and assist them. Furthermore, social workers guide groups of people, encouraging them to share their experiences and support each other. They can also assist newly arrived immigrants, research community problems and come up with solutions, analyzing statistics and writing reports.

Personal Qualities

To be involved in social studies, you need to have a compassionate nature and truly strive to help people improve their lives. Here are other qualities and skills to consider:

  • Very high level of emotional intelligence
  • Ability to look at people’s problems in an objective way
  • Excellent communication skills
  • Great interpersonal and organizational skills
  • Ability to work both independently and as a part of a team

Study Options

Social Studies can be taken as a course both at high school and at the undergraduate level. A great number of universities offer the program as a bachelor’s degree, so what you should be looking for is an institution that provides real opportunities for the application of skills related to social work.  For this to happen, students need to participate in many different kinds of activities to gain a broad knowledge base. This can involve activities encouraging independent learning and the investigation of topics that concern society. Many schools are highly involved in the communities in which they operate, and such institutions would a good place for a social studies student to complete their education in.

Furthermore, social studies can be a very helpful complementary subject to other programs, like economics, history, or psychology. It can be a very useful discipline, helping anyone better understand the world we live in and how we can improve our own lives and the communities in which we live.

Career options

As a social worker, there are many fields you can specialize in - family, youth and child welfare services, medical and health services, disability services, psychiatric and general mental health services, juvenile and family law courts, aged care and disabilities, income support and mediation. You may be required to travel to areas where people live in more difficult conditions in order to meet them or organize group meetings. Job roles are mainly available in local and central government departments, charities, voluntary bodies and trade unions, as well as social research organizations.

However, because of the transferable skills this discipline teaches, other advisory roles such as counseling, careers advice, housing, and community development are also available. Finally, you could opt for a teaching job or seek for opportunities within the police and probation service.

Study South and South East Asian Studies

Choose where you would like to study South and South East Asian Studies:

CanadaDenmarkIndiaNetherlandsSwedenThe United KingdomThe United States

South East Asian Studies is a multifaceted and interdisciplinary academic program that explores the sub-region of Asia. The countries, which are geographically south of China, north of Australia, and east of India, are subdivided into two geographic regions namely: the Asian mainland and island arcs and archipelagos to the east and southeast. The mainland region, which is also called the Indochina, consists of Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, and Malaysia. The maritime region or the archipelagic region consists of India, Brunei, East Malaysia, Indonesia, East Timor, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, and the Philippines.

The program of South East Asian Studies aims to promote education, research, and academic exchange of each country’s culture, politics, and economies. By looking at both historical and contemporary aspects of each field, e.g. culture, politics, and economics, students under the program will acquire a comprehensive program that will result in better understanding. Interactive learning experiences from diverse resources and study of Asian languages, literatures, and cultures of South East Asian countries are highlighted.

The breadth and depth of the program’s curriculum is immense. Thus, students are immersed to flexible and well-facilitated training environment conducted by highly-qualified teachers and lecturers who have acquired further studies of the subject they are teaching. Both undergraduates and graduates of South East Asian Studies chose to embark on taking the program to broaden their knowledge and open new learning opportunities related to Southeast Asian societies.

Universities and colleges offering the course also include in their curriculum other subject areas equally related to the main study which are: economics, geography, history, art, archeology, law, linguistics, management, music, social anthropology, religions, and politics among others. The mention fields of studies are known as the South East Asian Studies components.

Students who want to pursue intensive or intense study of language and its literature, while earning broader inquiries of the major subjects like the religions of traditional and contemporary South East Asian countries can do as they wish. Other major programs can be taken while completing the entire course and such programs involve study of South East Asian civilizations, depending on the focus of their main study.

As students pursue their study, they will learn relevant aspects of the program as they concentrate on unraveling the facts, history, and components of this dynamic region of the world. With the faculty expertise of the university offering the course, students will have strong and influential source of knowledge as they acquire their background on South East Asian studies. The kind of education that they will acquire will serve as their ultimate weapon in preparing themselves for a wide range of careers in the academe and the society from which they belong.

Moreover, if the student manages to develop language proficiency in one of the languages of the region, more opportunities are at stake, not to mention the fact that students are able to better appreciate the role of the region in the development of world’s history given the adequate instructional materials and guidance of adept faculty staff.

East and Southeast Asian studies concentrate on countries like China, Japan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Singapore. The studies explore the various aspects of East and Southeast Asian culture, history, and current developments. This involves a focus on politics, economics, religion, language, and various other aspects of society. What is most important is that the course will aim to provide an in-depth understanding of all these aspects of the countries. Therefore, the classes go far beyond the intermediate level of understanding. Students thoroughly explore past and current leaders of these countries, the social movements within them, while also learning a number of languages. Cultural coursework would provide a close examination of the literature and culture of these regions, including popular books, poetry, drama, and authors of the region. Students would also explore the international relations of these countries, their modernization, and most probably prepare coursework focusing on the economic growth of the region and the contributions these countries have made to the growth of the global economic environment.

Personal Qualities

An open-minded, explorative nature will very much suit such a course. Some other qualities include:

  • Excellent written and oral communication skills
  • Very good analytical qualities
  • Willingness to travel
  • Aptitude for history and languages
  • Good memory

Study Options

The options to pursue a degree in South and Southeast Asian Studies are numerous. There are many universities that have specialized departments offering undergraduate, postgraduate courses, as well as research opportunities in this field. Depending on the school and course you choose, you would either be expected to undergo intensive training in several of the major languages of the area including Bengali, Hindi, Khmer, Indonesian (Malay), Pali, Prakrit, Punjabi, Sanskrit (including Buddhist Sanskrit), Filipino (Tagalog), Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Urdu, and Vietnamese, and specialized training in the areas of literature, philosophy and religion, and general cross-disciplinary studies of the civilizations of South and Southeast Asia. Or, you could focus on one of a number of programs, such as Regional Economic Studies, Regional Strategic and Political Studies, or Regional Social and Cultural Studies. This would provide you with a more focused approach, and you can choose it if you are very clear about what you wish to do later on in your career. An important point to mention is that you should carefully research the resources that your chosen institution would provide for the study of this subject. Because of the wide span of knowledge that you are supposed to gain, they should be equipped with excellent library and electronic resources, as well as seminars, cultural trips, the opportunity for exchange and internship programs, which will enable you to truly dive into the South and Southeast Asian world.

Career Options

Career options vary significantly with your own goals and aims. When choosing to pursue this degree, you should already have in mind whether you are doing it with the purpose to enter the business, the political world, or you would rather focus on research. A master’s in South and Southeast Asian Studies would be an excellent choice for business students who wish to pursue various ventures in this region. It would also suit a journalist, or a history student, who would like to focus on these countries. You could become a diplomat, you could also work for a non-profit organization with the purpose to support the region, or you could go into further study and research.

Study Spanish Civilization and Culture

Choose where you would like to study Spanish Civilization and Culture:

ArgentinaChileNicaraguaSpainThe United States

Are you a graduate student looking for a program that would allow you to study and conduct respected research into the languages, cultures and societies of Spain?  Have you considered pursuing a Master of Arts Degree in Spanish Civilization and Culture?  The Master of Arts Degree in Spanish Civilization and Culture, also called Spanish Studies, gives students the unique opportunity to acquire advanced Spanish language skills and a comprehensive understanding of Spanish cultures and societies within a global context.  To help you become more familiar with this increasingly popular course of study, below we have provided a brief overview of the Master of Arts Degree in Spanish Civilization and Culture, including a course description, a sample of the coursework you’ll encounter and the eligibility requirements for admission into the program.
Master of Arts Degree in Spanish Civilization and Culture:  Course Description
The Master of Arts Degree in Spanish Civilization and Culture is a graduate-level program offered by a select number of colleges and universities throughout the world, particularly in countries where Spanish is the official language or the first language for a sizable percentage of the population.  The program, which typically lasts eighteen months to two years for full-time students, features extensive instruction in the Spanish language, allowing students to master high-level Spanish language skills, and gain a thorough education into the cultures and societal norms of Spanish communities. 
Like most graduate-level programs, the M.A. in Spanish Civilization and Culture features both core and elective coursework, enabling students to create an individualized program that matches their personal interests and abilities.  The core courses provide essential cultural knowledge relating to the Spanish-speaking world, while the elective component offers a wide range of social, historical and political courses—courses that promote comparative understanding of countries within Europe and beyond.
Although the exact course titles will typically vary from one institution to the next, students can expect to encounter courses such as:
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Advanced Spanish Studies
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Intensive Spanish Studies
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Spanish Civilization during the Spanish Empire
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Modern Spanish Civilization
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Spanish Language and Literature
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Spanish Cinema
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Spanish Society
·      &a mp;n bsp;  Economic and Social Change in the Spanish-Speaking World
·      &a mp;n bsp;  And more…
Following the successful completion of all required and elective coursework, students will be asked to present a Master’s thesis topic for approval and will then need to prepare that thesis and defend it to the faculty of the program prior to graduation.
Master of Arts Degree in Spanish Civilization and Culture:  Eligibility Requirements
To qualify for admission into the Master of Arts Degree program in Spanish Civilization and Culture students must have at least a bachelor degree, preferably in Spanish, World History, European History, Spanish Studies or a related language or social science field.  Many institutions will require students to submit no less than 3 letters of recommendation, written by individuals with personal knowledge of that student’s academic ability, and/or have them sit for an interview with the program faculty prior to being considered for admission.

Study Spanish Culture and Society

Choose where you would like to study Spanish Culture and Society:

ArgentinaChileDenmarkEcuadorNicaraguaSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

The study of Spanish Culture and Society is both a language learning program and academic course that require students to gain in-depth knowledge of Spain’s rich culture while studying the various aspects of the language. The exploration of Spanish history, politics, economy, art, music, society, foreign policies, and literature among others serve as the main objective of the course. In terms of learning the Spanish language, it is important that the five skills namely speaking, reading, writing, listening, and oral interaction are all integrated.

The program’s curriculum will first establish an intensive view of the Spanish history since this will give students a general frame and background. Subjects that will be taken in the future will be interrelated to present a comprehensive study of the program.

During the course, students will be taught the different cultures found within Spain and they are: Basque, Galician, Catalan, and Castilian among others. During the introduction of the program, students will be immersed gradually with various aspects of the Spanish civilization. There will be a thorough study to let students earn understanding of Spanish civilization, including the lifestyle and society’s undertakings. Political implications, policy issues, international relations, and social changes that have marked Spain’s rich and dynamic society will be explored and studied based on the country’s history, politics, arts, economy, religion and literature.

As the program continues, students will plunged themselves in identifying the various and diverse artistic methods of expression of Spanish painting, literature, cinema, music, and architecture among others.

The study of Spanish and Society particularly accentuates the need to make students fluent and effective speaker of the Spanish language. To help students enhance their ability to communicate and express themselves in Spanish, they don’t simply have to master the four skill areas of learning competencies but continue to let themselves acquire cultural competencies at the same time. This way, there will be an intensive mastery of the language as they submerged themselves in their study of Spanish values, lifestyle, and society in its entirety.

There are a number of ideal settings where students can acquire a degree in Spanish Culture and Society. Universities and colleges in Madrid, Barcelona, Marbella, Valencia, and Salamanca are devoted and equipped to make their school conducive for learning. They are also equipped with not just instruments, resources and materials for student’s fast learning but supported by qualified faculty members who will lead students in their study of Spanish culture and society until they themselves become as equally qualified as their mentors.

Spanish Culture and Society program is one of the many unique programs that can be acquired internationally for both graduates and undergraduates. To achieve high standard and quality education, it is recommended that students pursue their education abroad or in Spain to better absorb the Spanish way of life and total immersion in the Spanish language.

Finally, certain examinations to gauge students’ proficiency levels in Spanish language are conducted prior to registration to the course. Students can either be leveled as total beginner, elementary, intermediate, advanced, and proficient.

Study Tamil Literature & Culture

Choose where you would like to study Tamil Literature & Culture:

IndiaThe United States

The Tamil language is spoken by over 74 million people around the world. It is the official language of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, as well as an official language of Sri Lanka and Singapore. Besides, there are significant communities of Tamil speakers in Malaysia, Mauritius, and South Africa, as well as groups of more recent Tamil speaking emigrants - refugees from the Sri Lankan civil war, as well as economic migrants such as engineering, IT, medical professionals and academics - living in Canada (especially Toronto), Australia, the USA and most western European countries. Tamil literature has a rich and long literary tradition, spanning more than two thousand years.

The study of Tamil Literature and Culture involves the exploration of subjects like Tamil Literary Tradition, Tamil Grammatical Tradition, Cultural History of Tamils, Cultural Geography of Tamil Nadu, Creative Writing in Tamil, Twentieth Century Tamil Poetry, and other similar areas.

Personal Qualities

Genuine interest in Tamil literature and culture is a compulsory prerequisite for such a course. Other, more general skills you may need include:

  • Excellent reading and research skills
  • Good analytical skills
  • Excellent oral and written communication skills
  • Aptitude for humanities (history, literature, etc.)

Study Options

Tamil Literature and Culture is a course mostly offered at the master’s level, but is also available as a bachelor’s degree at given universities. You can look for this degree in the South Asia departments at institutions as well as within Language and Literature departments and similar. Usual prerequisites for the program are humanities subjects and at least one other foreign language. The study of Tamil Literature and Culture would give you unique access to the Tamil cultural heritage, which will help you gain a better understanding of the region today. Therefore, what is important to look for when choosing the right institution is the library resources they have available and the research carried out in the area of Tamil language and literature.

Career Options

As there is no sovereign and independent Tamil State, the study of Tamil Literature and Culture could mostly lead to finding a job in academia – doing further research on texts or teaching the subject to others. On the other hand, however, you would be equipped with some crucial transferable skills and you would have gained awareness of a specific culture and region, which could be helpful in many professions – in business, government, etc.

Study Tibetan and Himalayan Studies

Choose where you would like to study Tibetan and Himalayan Studies:

SwitzerlandThe United States

Study Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies

Choose where you would like to study Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies:

The United States

Are you a student who wishes to learn more about those of Mexican and Latina/o origin and work on various projects that would benefit their communities?  If so, these opportunities and more will be yours while pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree in Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies.  The undergraduate major in Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies is an interdisciplinary program which concentrates its efforts on engaging students in the transnational and transborder studies of the Mexican and Latina/o populations.  Students will receive the knowledge required in understanding how these populations are influenced by a variety of factors, including politics and social, cultural and linguistic divides.  The main emphasis of the program is to give students a better understanding of the Mexican and Latina/o populations by delving into their literary, historical and cultural contributions.  Students will also be given the opportunity to develop a project in a given community—a creative and applicable project that aims to better the community be addressing a certain policy or policies.
Bachelor of Arts in Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies
The Bachelor of Arts degree in Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies is a fairly new program offered by a handful of colleges and universities throughout the country.  Typically spanning four years in duration, the program consists of coursework fulfilling a number of core requirements, including a significant amount of hours in a single concentration.  Of course, like all undergraduate studies, students will also have to satisfy all general education requirements, which may include classes in mathematics, composition, social studies and history, humanities, science and other electives.   The titles of the core courses may differ depending on the university, but they may include at least some of the following:
  • Transborder Society and Culture (I and II)
  • Transborder Theory
  • Transborder Methodology
  • Mexican and American History
  • Professional seminar
  • And more…
Once these classes have been taken and passed students will need to choose from one of three concentrations offered by the department:  Transborder media, literature and arts; United States and Mexican regional immigration policy and economy; and Transborder community development and health.  Each of these concentrations consists of a variety of coursework directly related to the subject.  Below are just a few examples of what students will study in each of these concentrations.
Transborder Media, Literature and Arts 
The concentration, Transborder media, literature and arts, is designed to provide students with vital analytic and technical skills that will help them better understand how media is used for communication within the context of transnational and transborder processes.  Media such as cinematography; film and video; electronic communication; and performance art are all studied, with the focus placed on how they relate to transborder issues and processes.

U.S. and Mexican Regional Immigration Policy and Economy

The U.S. and Mexican Regional Immigration Policy and Economy concentration focuses on the regional and transnational policies and practices that have led to major demographic changes in both the immediate United States-Mexico border region, where nearly 12 million people reside; and the United States, a country in which roughly 22 million people of Mexico origin now reside, either because they were born in the country or migrated there.

Transborder Community Development and Health 

The area of study, Transborder Community and Health, concentrates on the development of better communities along the border region and improving the health of its people. Students learn about subjects such as the patterns of mental, physical and social health disparities closely related to poverty; limited access to insurance; reliance on emergency measures and facilities; and environmental health.

Although all students who possess a high school diploma or its equivalent or eligible to enroll in the Bachelor of Science degree program in Transborder Chicana/o and Latina/o Studies, majors are expected to fulfill the language requirement in Spanish and demonstrate proficiency in the language by earning a “C” or better in a Spanish-taught upper-division course.

Study Transition Studies

Choose where you would like to study Transition Studies:

South KoreaThe United States

Have you recently received your undergraduate degree in one of the social or environmental sciences and are now looking for a relevant program in which to focus your graduate studies?  Have you considered pursuing a Master’s of Science degree in Transition Studies?  The Master’s of Science degree program in Transition studies helps students understand the complex processes and specific demands of transition countries.  The program is designed for graduates of the social and environmental sciences who are looking for an interesting and unique graduate study program.  To help you become more familiar with this degree track, below we will discuss the M.S. in Transition Studies in a bit more detail, including its target group, course content, class schedule and the minimum requirements for admission.
Master’s of Science Degree in Transition Studies:  Target Group

The Master's program in Transition Studies is designed for students who are interested in studying the complex problems of transition countries, as well as some of the emerging approaches being considered to help overcome these problems by linking economic, political, and environmental aspects.  The central, albeit not the only target group for the Transition Studies program is graduates from transition countries who want to deepen and broaden their knowledge of these areas by furthering their education.  Typically, all courses are taught in English and students are required to have a strong background in a related science.

Master’s of Science in Transition Studies:  Course Content and Classes

The M.S. degree program in Transition Studies spans two to three years depending on the institution.  By the end of the program, the goal is that this degree will enable students to:
  • Understand the complex processes and specific demands of transition countries.
  • Link the various areas of transition, including the interrelation of economic, legal, political, social, agricultural, and environmental aspects.
  • Acquire knowledge as well as practical skills on the various methods and strategies used to enhance the transition process.
  • Enhance their teamwork and cooperative skills by learning and working in international and interdisciplinary teams.
  • Devise integrative approaches to transition issues that are applicable to both the private and public sector.
The course consists of 12 modules, 7 of which are compulsory or core areas of study.  They include:
  • Economic Development and World Agricultural Markets
  • Transition and Integration Economics
  • Law in Transition
  • European Studies and Political Transformation
  • Empirical Research Methods
  • Transition in Practice
  • Internship
The remaining five modules that students will be asked to complete will allow them to focus on areas that are of particular interest to them, including economics, nutrition, regional analysis and planning and geography.

Admission Requirements for the Master’s of Science Degree in Transition Studies

To qualify for admission into the M.S. degree program in Transition Studies, students must possess at least a Bachelor degree in a related field, including agriculture, nutrition, natural or environmental sciences, economics, law, or political science, with a GPA or ECTS grade of B- or higher and 180 total ECTS credit points (or an officially equivalent accepted academic degree).  Because all classes are instructed in English, a good command of that language, both in written and spoken form, is also a requirement for admission.

Study Vaishnava Studies

Choose where you would like to study Vaishnava Studies:

IndiaThe United States

Are you a graduate student with a background in philosophy and/or world religions and looking for an interesting degree program in which to focus your doctoral studies?  Have you considered pursuing a degree in Vaishnava Studies? 

Vaishnavism is one of the major branches of Hinduism along with Shaivism, Smartism and Shaktism.  It is focused on the veneration of Vishnu, and thus the Vashnavites, or followers of the Supreme Lord Vishnu, lead a way of life promoting differentiated monotheism, which gives importance to Lord Vishnu and His ten incarnations.  The doctorate degree program in Vaishnava Studies takes an in-depth look at this branch of religion, including the philosophy, history and writings that surround it.  To give you a better idea of what this degree program entails, below we will briefly describe the doctorate degree in Vaishnava Studies, including its characteristics, curriculum and the admission requirements.
Doctoral Degree in Vaishnava Studies:  About the Program

The Doctorate of Divinity Degree in Vaishnava Studies is a 3-5 year program in which success is very often determined by a student’s ability to communicate effectively in oral and written fashion. It is the purpose of the Doctorate of Divinity Program to hone the spiritual gifts and abilities of Vaishnava leaders presently serving at a Vaishnava minister level, and to develop new Vaishnava academic leaders from its student body. By developing student’s writing, speaking and administrative skills, the program seeks to train students and ministers for effective leadership. The Vaishnava minister has a twin life style of learning and doing.   As a result, in order to be effective as a minister, learning must be a lifelong pursuit, and the minister must also be able to make practical application of what he learns throughout his life. The Doctorate of Divinity in Vaishnava Studies presumes a basic competence in ministerial skills and experience. Students should also have had basic studies in Vaishnava Philosophy, Vaishnava History, Vaishnava Administration, Vaishnava Ministry and Vaishnava Education, as well as practical ministerial experience in applying those teachings.

To qualify for admission into the Doctorate of Divinity in Vaishnava Studies, students must possess, at minimum, a Master’s degree in the same or a related field.  Candidates are selected by the faculty based on their success in their prior educational endeavors.

The Doctorate of Divinity in Vaishnava Studies is designed to provide ministry analysis, guidance and training to increase ministerial competency. The study program seeks to provide direction in several ministerial areas, such as: research/writing, Vedic scripture-based communication, administration/leadership, and personal development.

In most universities, the Doctorate of Divinity program in Vaishnava Studies consists of 34 semester hours beyond the Master degree program, and includes courses in:
  • Vaishnava History
  • Vaishnava Philosophy
  • Vaishnava Ministry and Education
  • Vedic Scriptures
  • Developmental Reading
  • Personal Development
Once students have completed all of the core coursework that’s required for the Doctorate of Divinity in Vaishnava Studies, they will commence on a final project or dissertation, in which they will present a paper on a topic related to Vaishnava Studies—a topic that must first be approved by the faculty.

Study West European Studies

Choose where you would like to study West European Studies:

AustriaGermanyThe United States

Study Western American Studies

Choose where you would like to study Western American Studies:

The United States

Study Women’s Studies

Choose where you would like to study Women’s Studies:

AustriaCanadaChinaFinlandIndiaIrelandItalyNetherlandsSpainThe United KingdomThe United States

The career opportunities provided for graduates of Women’s Studies is immense. The liberal arts education acquired during the course mainly involves critical thinking. More so, major course topics such as gender, politics, and feminism serve as the dominating subject matters under this interdisciplinary academic field.

Women’s Studies involve in-depth and comprehensive study areas that revolve around feminist theory, social history, women history which highlights women’s suffrage, women’s health, women’s fiction, feminist art, feminist psychoanalysis, and courses related to gender studies, humanities, and social sciences.

This interdisciplinary area of study started in 1970s, a time when people become concerned with women’s history, social justice, gender, race, sexuality, class, equality, and other aspects of women studies that have started as societal oppression within a patriarchal society. Initially, women studies were established as an academic rubric. However, it has gotten more sensational and seriously discussed during the second wave of feminism as it had earned political influence in various academies triggered by student and faculty activism of the same year.

Historically speaking, Women Studies were modeled on the American Studies and other ethnic studies that include Afro-American Studies and Chicano Studies. After just a year of its establishment as part of the academy, women studies, specifically in the United States, had grown intense leading to formation and organization of women’s consciousness raising groups, circulation of petition, rallies on the street, operations of unofficial classes, and more women-issues related activities. This in all its worth has marked a historical turning point in the lives of women around the world.

Taking up a degree in Women’s Studies will help students manifest their skills and confidence in understanding women issues that continue to be raised globally. The learning skills that will be developed during the entire course period will be about broad yet relevant knowledge on feminist research, teaching, and diverse topics of women studies related to economic, political, social, and cultural elements of a specific society and as it extends globally.

When it comes to employment opportunities in store to every graduate of Women’s Studies, the possibilities are beyond expectations. This is because graduates of the course are prepared to undertake duties and responsibilities not just in liberal arts but in providing profound insights that tackle issues on women oppression and celebration. As this is learned, students become more sensitive and sensible in handling ethical situations that require immediate actions and making of smart decisions.

Finally, studying Women Studies allows women to comprehend how history silenced the voices of many women. With this awareness, their thoughts, ideas, and views can be easily put into many practical situations as they continue to experience and attend trainings largely related to women studies. With the unstoppable growth of women’s agencies and organizations, the demand for professionals with specialization in Women’s Studies widens. This shows that graduates of the course can handle jobs in medicine, law, social work, counseling, teaching, government services, gender issues-related organizations, insurance companies, higher education, and personnel firms. With this wide scope, it is no longer a wonder that women are now taking over jobs that have once belonged to men.

Job positions for Women’s Studies:

Human Rights Advocate

A course in liberal arts paves the way to a career of a Human Rights Advocate. There are many organizations around the world seeking for professionals who can dedicate their skills, education, and time to providing humanitarian relief, international development, economic sustainability, and assurance that human rights advocacies are executed firmly and righteously.

The diverse opportunities available to every Human Rights Advocate are countless. Every job opportunity tackles specific human right issues that need to be addressed the soonest time. Governmental agencies and bodies around the world use their status in promoting solutions and answers to human rights issues that include the rights of minority people, the rights of the child, the rights of women usually involved in trafficking, migrant workers rights, human rights and the environment, the rights to housing, the right to affirmative actions, the right to food, the juvenile criminal sentencing, racism, and other human rights that aim to solve every human rights issue.

Professionals who have degree in Women’s Studies, Human Rights Advocacy, International Development, and NGO’s are the ideal candidate for every human rights advocate position. The burning passion and intense hope that many human rights advocate have for those suffering from pain, injustices, persecutions, and unlawful abuse of their rights serve as their strengths in acquiring such kind of job.

Human Rights Advocates are educated so they can develop and enhance their skills and abilities in giving cross-cultural services, professional skills, and effectives services to their own people or to the people they are serving. They are particularly keen toward oppressors’ use of coercion and power to dominate the life of a victim. Hence, the victim’s environment and decision making skills become tainted due to misuse of the oppressor’s power.

The role of many Human Rights Advocates is grounded in proper access to power as they represent those who are vulnerable and are unable to defend themselves. They, as human rights advocates, have the power to intervene since their authority aims to overcome that of the perpetrator’s so that proper exercise of power will be done.

As Human Rights Advocates, their expertise and influence in affecting social, political, and economical conditions depend on the broad perspectives of executing laws and regulations being implemented in the society from which she belongs.

When it comes to women and gender rights, every Human Right Advocate should have a global perspective which is to protect the dignity and integrity of all human beings which also means promoting equal rights. Therefore, they focus their duties in conducting activities and social gatherings that will eliminate all forms of discriminations that distinctively target women. More so, they create instruments that will support the continued existence of laws that will protect women’s rights belonging in the public and private spheres.

The existence and numerous numbers of human rights violations can be traced back to history. But the efforts that come from respected activists, thinkers, and leaders served as eye opener to eventually manifest the proper execution of human rights, the untarnished human rights that all human beings deserve to enjoy and live by.

Clinical Social Worker

Professional Clinical Social Workers are responsible in giving mental health services for clients who were diagnosed and being treated due to mental, emotional, behavioral, and other disorders linked to individual, family, and group problems.

Their primary objective in their profession is to enhance and maintain the normal physical, physiological, and social functions of the client. So, their intense desire to improve the lives of many people suffering from mental illnesses is considered to be immeasurable. As they adhere to the values and ethics grounded with the social work profession, they are involve in ethical decision making apart from practicing skills and execution of intervention programs among individuals who need medical treatment.

The job description of Clinical Social Workers is all-embracing. From helping individuals cope with the issues that they encounter in their life, dealing with their relationships with other individuals, solving family-related problems, to assisting clients who are facing life-threatening diseases that are linked to disability, social problems, and serious domestic conflicts like physical and sexual abuse. These scenarios are too general for clinical social workers but the bottom line is: these scenarios are all the root causes of behavioral problems being faced by many clients.

Also, the mentioned duties are considered to be social services. However, some clinical social workers engage themselves in programs and organizations that promote policy and planning developments, research, and other community-related advocacies that aim to promote the normal functioning of clients which most of the time include children and women.

CSWs are often the first to diagnose a client with any mental disorders and other various emotional and behavioral complications. Then, they conduct necessary treatment procedures that will lead to the recovery and wellness of the patient or the client

Community mental health centers, schools, health centers, recovery programs, primary health care centers, aging and child welfare agencies, and other private and government-centered settings are in dire need of professionals with clinical social working background. This is because more and more individuals, families, and groups require treatment that will focus in improving their mental, emotional, and behavioral well being. Thus, to address this issue, CSWs employ a holistic approach related to psychotherapy and client’s relationship to the environment from which he or she belongs.

The requirements and qualifications to become a professional Clinical Social Worker are: a degree or master’s degree under social work education, work experience in clinical setting of least 3,000 hours, a license, trainings attended that discussed social work-related topics, and experienced relevant practices under mental health clinics, child welfare agencies, or other medical institutions.

Another aspect of the CSW’s job description is their counseling role. To help the clients set their goals straight while facing treatment means constant counseling which will help the clients articulate their goals in spite of their medical condition.

Finally, the confidentiality of all information obtained from the client should be maintained by every CSW since this act is considered to be the basic principal of social work intervention. This way, the client’s welfare will continue to be safeguarded.

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