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The field of science wherein computer science, information technology and biology combine to form a discipline is known as Bioinformatics. The primary goal of this discipline is to establish the grounds of discovering new insights in biology and at the same time be able to establish a perspective wherein which the merging principles in biology can be globally discerned. From the onset of genomic revolution, the concern of Bioinformatics is the creation followed by the maintenance of a designed database as a store of biological information; such information includes amino acid and nucleotide sequences. The advancement of such kind of database does not only involve design issue but it also covers the development of intricate interfaces wherein researchers can do both accessing of existing data and submitting revised and new data. Nowadays, the science of Bioinformatics or also known as Computational Biology has rampantly being utilized in order attain further improvement of the quality of life.
Bioinformatics has emerged out of the call to identify with the code of life which is DNA. Substantial DNA sequencing projects have already advanced and have added in the intensification of Bioinformatics as a field of science. The DNA is the fundamental molecule of life which has direct control over the essential biology of life. It functions in coding for genes wherein the codes for proteins which are the determinants of the biological makeup of any living organisms and humans. The errors and variations of a genomic DNA primarily define the possibilities of developing various diseases as well as resistance and treatment.
Bioinformatics has the definitive goal of uncovering the richness of all underlying biological information such as structure, literature, mass of sequence and other biological data and be able to obtain a clearer picture into the basic biology of all living organisms and be able to make use of the derive information in order to improve mankind’s standard of life.
Bioinformatics is now being used as well as in foreseeing the future in areas covered by molecular medicine in order to better produce more customized medications for the cure and prevention of various diseases, it has also gauge in benefits for the environment such as the identification of bacteria waste cleanup and it has also made its way in the field of agriculture by means of producing high yield but low maintenance crops. Such are the several benefits which Bioinformatics can offer.
In due course, on the other hand, all information derived by Bioinformatics should be combined in order to form one comprehensive and concrete picture of activities of the normal cells to enable researchers to study how such activities are changed in various states of disease. For that reason, the science of Bioinformatics has advanced such that the ultimate imperative task will now involve both analysis as well as the interpretation of the different types of data, counting together amino acids and nucleotide sequences. The definite process of data analysis and interpretation being known as computational biology works with Bioinformatics for the development of tools and its implementation to access and use different types of information and be able to develop formulas and statistics in studying the relationships of all stored information.