Primary and Secondary Schools in Bolivia

Primary and Secondary Schools in Bolivia by City:

Santa Cruz

About Primary and Secondary Schools in Bolivia

Primary and secondary education in Bolivia comes under the purview of Ministry of Education. The ministry regulates all public and private primary and secondary schools in Bolivia by outlining guidelines for curriculum, accreditation and even teacher’s salaries. Primary education in Bolivia was brought into force only in the seventies and is divided into three main stages besides an optional pre-school stage. The government has made education in Bolivia, compulsory for up until the age fourteen.
Preschool Education in Bolivia
Preschool education in Bolivia is not compulsory, and parents may choose to send or not send their kids there.
Primary Education in Bolivia
Primary schools in Bolivia teach children aged seven to fourteen years. Primary education in Bolivia currently is a five year mandatory program that is followed by three years of intermediate school. Of the eighty seven per cent children attending primary schools in Bolivia, only about thirty five per cent manage to reach high school. Number of children dropping out of schools in Bolivia is quite high especially among the rural population. Among rural children in Bolivia, only around forty per cent receive primary education beyond the third grade.
Secondary Education in Bolivia
Secondary education in Bolivia is designed to last four years. The syllabus for the first two years of secondary schools in Bolivia remains same for all. In the last two years, students are allowed to choose a subject from streams like humanities and technical ones to pursue specialized study. Upon successful completion of secondary education in Bolivia, a student is awarded a baccalaureate degree.
Students need to attain the baccalaureate in order to appear for a university entrance exam. There are also efforts, currently, underway to merge the middle or the intermediate school years with the secondary education in Bolivia, making secondary education an eight year long program.
Spanish is the primary language of instruction at all levels of primary and secondary schools in Bolivia. Schools in Bolivia usually run from February through November; December and January being the hottest months, are declared as summer vacations.
Bolivia, despite its smaller national budget compared to many of its regional neighbours, still allocates twenty three per cent of it to education. The primary and secondary education system, however, is facing severe financial challenges. The level of secondary education in Bolivia is markedly different when its rural areas are compared with its urban areas. Many more children in urban areas receive both primary and secondary education in Bolivia, but secondary education of children in rural areas is still lagging. One key reason cited for this disparity is the fact that many more rural children work to contribute to their family income. On average, children in rural areas receive 4.2 years of education whereas children in urban areas attend schools in Bolivia for about 9.4 years.
Most primary schools in Bolivia find it difficult to provide meals or bus service to students. Many secondary schools in Bolivia do not even include extra-curricular activities in their curriculum, save for some private schools which follow the US school system and do provide meals and transportation services.

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