Studies & Degrees in Auditors
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Auditing happens to be an interesting facet of accounting that best describes the sphere of duties and responsibilities of an auditor. In general, it is regarded as the process of evaluating any person, organization, enterprise, system, project, process, or product. Although it refers to an accounting process, it may also transpire in energy conservation and project as well as quality management procedures. More often than not, an audit is performed to assess the reliability and validity of information imperative to internal control. In turn, statistical tools are utilized to secure reasonable assurance to minimize material error.
Auditors deal with an array of auditing procedures which may be financial or non-financial in nature. In the same way, auditors may be categorized according to the type of audit being utilized. For instance, financial auditors may either be external auditors or internal auditors. The former refers to those outsourced from an independent firm outside the organization while the latter refers to those employed within the organization being audited. Furthermore, auditors adhere to certain principles in the likes of internal editing standards introduced by the Institute of Internal Auditors with members from 165 countries.
Auditors popularized the auditors’ report utilized by institutions either of public or private character. The paper contains the formal opinion of auditing professionals based on the information needed by end users. For instance, the government may ask for the income report of private companies for taxation purposes. Similarly, public entities are internally audited to ensure operational accountability. The document is undoubtedly critical in the decision-making stage of the subject entity as well as the stakeholders. No wonder, auditors are expected to express objectivity along the evaluation process. This can only be attained given the expertise attained from formal instruction and training in the academe.
In the pursuit of an auditing career, colleges and universities provide for relevant academic programs in undergraduate and graduate schools. Bachelor’s degree awarded may include specializations in Auditing, Auditing and Accounting, and Auditing and Forensic Accountancy. Postgraduate studies may be further pursued such as a Master in Auditing, Master in Accounting, Auditing, and Control, and Master of Science in Information Systems Audit and Control. Doctoral degree curricula are also offered such as Doctor of Philosophy in Auditing, Doctor of Philosophy in Accounting Studies, and Doctor of Business Administration in Corporate Auditing. Short course programs are likewise accessible via relevant two-year course programs like Associate of Applied Science in Accounting, Associate of Applied Science in Insurance Premium Auditing, and Certification in Information Systems Auditing.
Employment privileges await auditing specialists in many different fields. As a matter of fact, the auditing industry led by premier auditing companies comprises an attractive career niche consisting of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst and Young, and KPMG. Also, national governments can offer auditing occupations to competent auditors for placement in various agencies under the Department of Audit. Non-governmental organizations may also launch auditing programs which can provide job opportunities to professionals. Educational institutions can also tender teaching posts to those good at sharing their expertise in the academe.