Study Agriculture, Agriculture Schools
Here you can find schools to study Agriculture. Choose where you would like to study Agriculture:AlgeriaAmerican SamoaArgentinaAustraliaBangladeshBermudaBosnia and HerzegovinaBrazilBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaChinaColombiaCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCzech RepublicDenmarkEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandItalyJapanKenyaKyrgyzstanLaoLebanonLesothoMacedoniaMadagascarMauritiusMozambiqueNamibiaNew ZealandNicaraguaOmanPalestinePolandPortugalPuerto RicoSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSloveniaSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwitzerlandTaiwanTanzaniaThe United KingdomThe United StatesTrinidad and TobagoTurkeyUgandaUnited Arab EmiratesUruguayVietnamZambiaZimbabwe
The development of society as it is now would not have come to fruition had man not learned the science of food production or more popularly known as Agriculture. Before, ancient men would use the slash and burn method which tends to deplete the resources of the land. When game and edible plants would be running dry, the ancient people would then move on to the next uninhabited place where food is available hence they became nomadic. However, at some point maybe these nomads discovered that plants grow from seeds and they observe a certain cycle. From that knowledge, nomadic tribes stayed put in one place and before they knew it, their tribes became thriving settlements which would later became cities and nations.
Agriculture would normally refer to livestock and plant farming and everything else that relates to food production. In modern times, plant farming could be very complicated. Planting seeds is not what they used to where seeds were simply injected to a patch of land and then wait for them to grow. Modern farmers would perhaps check first ph-levels of the soil to see if, indeed, a particular plant would grow to such environment. Modern techniques like crop rotation, application of fertilizers and pesticides are widely used to get maximum usage of the land. Land tilling is not as a back breaker anymore as it used to be as modern machines can do an animal’s job in a matter of minutes. Application of pesticides has rather become a task that can be completed in minutes as compared to a whole day affair. Perhaps, the most astounding innovation of modern technology to the field of Agriculture is the application of genetic engineering to plants. Some farmers are already using Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) which allows crops to be disease and insect resistant.
In the livestock area, modernization has also caught on. Animal scientists are developing technologies that would bring down fat content to minimize the threat of heart disease which has been the number one cause of death in most countries year after year and being linked to high cholesterol foods. There has been a news item a couple of years back where a cow was successfully cloned and was given a live birth through a surrogate mother. There have also been rumors that allege a major food chain that is growing chickens attached to tube feeders comparable to the movie “Matrix.” It is said that these chickens are stationary and limbless as a result of higher muscular content. These technologies however are having resistance from all sorts of groups as making clones and unconventional livestock growing are tampering with nature or playing God and unknown consequences may be brought about by these unnatural methods.
The field of Agriculture is indeed the backbone of every society as food is the very basic need of human beings. Right now, the question of feeding 5 billion people remains a task to be accomplished. Population as according to a theory doubles every 30 years. If projection of the number of mouths to feed does not change then it is high time that more people should take up courses in Agriculture so that more people would give thought on how to balance the ratio between population and food production.
One of the courses which is sure not to get obsolete despite the proliferation of new ones is no other than Agriculture Botany and Forestry Science. Even at this time where Computer Science and Telecommunication courses seem to be on the periphery of every college-bound student’s minds to take, Agriculture Botany and Forestry Science graduates remain a high paying job especially when pursued all the way to a doctorate degree.
With the challenges facing the human race right now, the need for more people taking this course has never been more urgent. Because the population of the world has literally exploded compared to, say, 30 years ago, the challenge of feeding the world perhaps may lie on understanding plants more. There has never been a more natural and healthier food source for humans than plants. Learning new techniques on the area of plant breeding is perhaps one key to alleviate hunger which future graduates of this course can only understand and can fathom. Basically, the course is designed on understanding how plants can be utilized in whatever useful field like medicine, food, clothing or raw materials for modern industries.
More or less, one can deduce that this is one area of study that is research intensive. This will entail long hours both in laboratories and field work. The computer age has not only improved lives of people but also of scientists like botanists. Students will now be also utilizing computerized instrumentation gadgets to aid them measure things like relative humidity, temperature, soil moisture content or any other things. Before, getting information may require some calculations but now, information can instantly be derived, and that could only mean more time to research and development of plant breeding techniques.
The other third of the course is Forestry Science which, of course, would be focused on research on forest plants. Although Forestry Science, of course, would be largely based on botanical science concepts, it will be more focused on conservation of forests, reforestation techniques and taxonomy because forests are one place where new species of plants could spring as a result of cross fertilizations with whole gene pool of flora present in the area.
Before, Agriculture Botany and Forestry Science used to be offered as separate degree courses but now some schools have found a way to integrate the two disciplines and just give students more latitude to work on as the course would be encompassing three overlapping disciplines which are agriculture, botany and forestry. It would be up to the student which area would be more suited for them but the course would expose them to all three.
With regards to opportunities, a lot of new companies have sprung for the last decade or so whipping up miracle cures but are really preventive medicines in the guise of food supplements. These companies were founded as technology can now allow encapsulation of plant extracts. Right now, the market has only tapped a number of plants like ginger, aloe vera, gingko biloba, berries, grapes but the possibilities are really endless as each plant could have a unique ingredient that could be extracted.