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Are you interested in pursuing a career in either pathological or citological (also spelled cytological) anatomy—a position that deals with the diagnosis of diseases at the tissue and cellular level? Have you considered pursuing a graduate degree in Pathological and Citological Anatomy, a degree now offered by many colleges and universities throughout the world? The Master of Science degree in Pathological and Citological Anatomy is a cutting edge program that is ideal for anyone interested in the medical sciences. To illustrate this, below we have provided a brief description of this discipline, along with the types of duties that graduates will be trained to perform upon completion of the program.
Master of Science Degree in Pathological and Citological Anatomy
The Master of Science Degree in Pathological and Citological Anatomy is a graduate level program that typically spans two to three years depending on the institution. To be eligible for admission into this program, students must possess at least an undergraduate degree in the same or related field, such as biology, chemistry, forensic science or biochemistry. Some institutions may also require a passing score on an entrance examination, references from past instructors and/or an interview with the faculty prior to admission. In the United States, for example, students in some cases will be required to take the Graduate Record Examination, or GRE exam, and earn a combined score of 1000 or better.
The M.S. in Pathological and Citological Anatomy is usually divided into two distinct areas of study, each of which is given equal weight: Anatomical Pathology and Anatomical Cytology, which is also called Cytopathology.
Anatomical Pathology is a branch of pathology that deals with the tissue diagnosis of disease. To accomplish this, students will need a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of the pathological and clinical aspects of diseases.
The tissue on which students will learn to make a diagnosis may be biopsy material taken from a patient during an in-patient or out-patient procedure or operation, or from an autopsy, in which the tissue is examined post-mortem. The latter is only a small, yet important component of what these professionals do, helping to establish the cause of a sudden or unexpected death, the progression of a particular disease, including the response or lack of response to treatment, or in criminal cases, helping police in solving their investigations. On living patients, tissue diagnosis is extremely important in the detection and treatment of a wide variety of diseases and illnesses, particularly cancer, helping doctors decide the best course of treatment (radiation, chemotherapy, surgery, etc.) based on the progression of the disease.
Cytopathology is also an important component of the M.S. degree program in Pathological and Citological Anatomy, a branch of pathology that teaches students how to diagnose diseases on the cellular level. One of the most common applications of this discipline is the well-known Pap smear, a diagnostic tool used in the detection of precancerous lesions and the prevention of cervical cancer. It is likewise used in the investigation of thyroid lesions and diseases involving sterile body cavities, as well as many other body sites.
By earning a Master of Science degree in Pathological and Citological Anatomy students will become eligible to pursue any number of professional laboratory positions, working to help doctors and surgeons in the detection and prevention of a wide range of diseases—analysis techniques that will allow medical professionals to determine the most appropriate treatment strategy based on the finding