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Studies & Degrees in Clinical Medicine

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Medicine generally is an art and science of healing, involving health care practices that are developed to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of diseases. Medical practitioners are easily recognized through its symbols represented by a Rod of Acclepius, Greek God of medicine, with its single-coiled serpent, or by an ancient Summerian God, Ningishzida, patron of medicine, accompanied by two gryphons. The study or practice of medicine on the basis of direct observation and examination of patients is what we refer to as Clinical Medicine. In this practice, a doctor assesses a patient for the purpose of diagnosing, treating and preventing the disease with the use of available clinical or typical medical devices, and in a process starting with the medical interview of patients, their clinical examination and laboratory up to the treatment plan for the patients.

Cognizant of the increasing number of clinical medical practices by both doctors and licensed professionals, institutions have opened up programs of study on the subject, usually under a school or department of medicine or a medical science division. A number of institutions offer Clinical Study or Clinical Sciences curricula with strong emphasis on the sciences and participation in patient care activities, or clerkships in such areas as Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, Surgery and Family Medicine, among others. A three-stage Clinical Study teaches students to become proficient in basic clinical methods, on the major causes of ill health, and attachments in general practice medicine. A five-year degree program in Medicine has focus areas in Clinical Skills, Public Health, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, and the Psychological Aspects of Medicine, with a part of the study taking place in hospitals, general practice and in the institution’s facilities. A Bachelor’s Degree program in Clinical Sciences is offered for five years, concentrating on clinical practices and sciences, while a four-year Bachelor of Medicine degree course deals in the examination and procedural clinical skills essential to effective interaction or relationship between a doctor and a patient, as one of the three major themes of the course.

Numerous subjects are offered under the Clinical Medicine curriculum or Medicine degree programs with Clinical Medicine as a major subject and, in some schools, with electives of Herbal Medicine, Reflexology, Aromatherapy, and Massage Therapy. Among the common subjects in schools are Chemistry, Human Physiological Structure, Disease Immunology, Foundations in Microbiology, Molecular Basis of Life, Evolution of Biological Diversity, General Pathology, General Pharmacology, Genetic Disorders, Microbiology, Dermatology, EENT, Neurology, Stomatology, Surgery, Pathological Foundations of Medicine, Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Sensoric Disorders, Failure of Vital Function, Trauma, Mental Disorders, Tumors, and Disorders of Renal Function and Edema.

Some colleges boast of the so-called state-of-the- art facilities to support certain fields of study in Clinical Medicine such as Structural Biology, Protein Biochemistry, Genetics, Cell Biology, Chemical and Genetic Screening, Imaging, Epidemiology, and Clinical Trials.

They also help their graduates land jobs in distinguished national and international research groups or organizations, educational institutions, community health care services, social welfare agencies, sales and manufacturing groups, and health retreats. Others generally enter clinical practice either alone or as partners in health care clinics, or can become consultants in public health, pharmaceutical industry, and regulatory agencies involved in licensing new medicines in their own country or other progressive countries of the world.