Studies & Degrees in Audioprosthesis
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Deafness or a hearing impairment is a complete or fractional diminishing in the capability to become aware of or recognize sounds. Such can be due to a variety of environmental and biological factors. The loss of hearing can occur to any kind of organism which can perceive sound. What is being referred to those who are deaf are known as the “hearing impaired”, but “hard of hearing” and “deaf” is preferred than the term “hearing impaired”.
The branch of science which deals with the hearing impaired is known as Audioprosthesis. It is a study which makes use of an auditory prosthesis which is a device that replaces the ear or increases the hearing ability. An auditory prosthesis is commonly known as a hearing aid. The word "prosthesis" itself roots from the new Latin from the Greek word "prostithenai" which means to add to, or to put in addition.
With the use of prosthetic ears, the individuals’ can improve their hearing as well as their speech recognition, especially for those who had surgeries or outer ear injuries. In a number of cases wherein the outer ear or what is known as the pinna has been lost, the usually intact external auditory canal, and the remaining normally functioning of the hearing system. In these, for the patients, the physicians should attempt not only to correct the hearing defect which has been caused by the lost pinna, but at the same time to correct the loss of hearing due to the absence of the pinna.
Audioprosthesis synthetically repairs the ear which has been affected due to various treatment procedures like amputation, radical cancer surgery, congenital defects or burns. The fragile structure which remains after the surgery is then covered by a thin, exceedingly sensitive skin. This particular soft tissue, is very fragile, and should be kept free from any kind of irritation as well as debris coming from the environment. The protective position of the helix aids in cleansing the air from the small particles which can damage and injure the extremely sensitive auricular structure. The purpose of the prosthetic ear is to direct the sound waves into the auditory canal and be able to sustain an apposite environment for all the membranes of the inner ear. By means of Audioprosthesis, hearing is improved up to 20%. Overall the process of using a hearing aid via the Audioprosthesis has a very great benefit for the psychological rehabilitation of the patients.
Students taking up Audioprosthesis are expected to:
- Learn the physiology and biology principles of apparatuses and organs which are involved in the function of hearing
- Gain familiarization of the various disabilities and pathologies of the hearing function
- Learn various methods of rehabilitation and the functioning techniques and principles of Audioprosthesis
- Gain knowledge with the repercussion of diseases on the environmental, social and psychological aspects
- Learn to take the thought of the build prostheses and acoustic canal and apply them and be able to teach how to make use of them
- Evaluate the efficiency of their involvement in the course of proper tools and tests