Studies & Degrees in Telecommunications Technology
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When Alexander Graham Bell’s patent for the telephone was granted in 1876, mankind actually was ushered into man’s next step into evolution. Inadvertently, due to the invention of the telephone, the telecommunications industry would become one of the major contributors of any country’s economy. In fact, as of 2006 the revenue of telecommunications industry was estimated to gross at around the $1.2 trillion figure. Basically, the current developments in the field of telecommunications have allowed humans to exchange information instantly. Distance has become a non-factor because technology has made the cost of communication inexpensive and accessible to almost everyone.
Telecommunications, technically, involves the use of devices that transmit messages for the purpose of relaying messages either in the form of voice, text or video. In this day and age, the telephone and computer (the Internet) are the common devices used in transmitting messages. Mobile phones and chatting through Internet messengers are the common mode of communication nowadays.
Before, telephones were merely used exclusively for voice conversations and were usually stationary. With the onset of cellular phones (or handheld phones), the use of telephones have evolved to not just a contact tool but in a 100 different ways. Telephones, cellular phones that is, can also being used now as an appointment schedule book, a calculator, a tracking device, a directory, an Internet connecting device, data storage, movie and music player, video game consoles and whatever accoutrements phone makers can insert into a hand phone. With mobility, people found more freedom as they can be reached anytime and any place.
The Telecommunications industry is composed mainly of the service or line providers like Vodafone and AT&T, the phone makers like Nokia, Ericsson and Motorola, the end-users which buy the phones and subscribe to the service providers and the branch of government that regulates all matters of communications. Service providers usually operate on a national level, that’s why maybe there are around just two to four major players in a country where competition is allowed. This is the usual scenario because the cost of setting up telecommunication infrastructures is immensely expensive as the roll-out program would be on a country-wide scale. Infrastructures like fiber optic backbones, signal transmitters and receivers, routers and switches, broadband channels and systems that goes along with it would require billions of dollars and would require highly skilled personnel to maintain and operate. Not only that, because the telecommunications industry is a technology driven industry, constant upgrades of systems is a must because if they don’t upgrade continuously, their business rivals would surely leave them behind. For service providers, technological improvements would come in the form of added services like provision for stronger signals, wider coverage and more efficient platform of communication. Right now GSM (Global Systems for Mobile communications) is the platform of choice by telecommunication carriers as it utilizes digital signals that enable SMS and voice exchanges at higher speed data transmission.
For the phone makers, the arena is even more cut-throat. Phone engineers are trying hard to come up with higher pixelage (for the camera), longer talk time, higher screen resolution, higher memory capacity, more connectivity enablement like USB, Bluetooth and infrared and longer battery life which more or less are the driving forces why consumers would buy a handset.
Currently, the trend in Telecommunications Technology is thrusting towards further integration with Internet technology and towards wireless technology. Right now, mobile phones can browse the Internet and some websites can enable sending messages to handsets. It will only just be a matter of time when companies like Google or Yahoo would merge with AT&T to optimize resources.
To those who want to make their mark in the field of Telecommunications, there is now a course called Telecommunications Technology. Landing a high-paying job in a telecommunications company would be easier for those people with degrees in Telecommunications Technology.