Is peer review confidential?

Peer reviewers have an obligation to preserve confidentiality during the review process if they have been asked to do so. While this obligation might seem obvious, it can be compromised in some seemingly harmless and other more harmful ways.
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Can peer reviews be anonymous?

Single-anonymous peer review

The anonymity of the reviewers is intended to make it easier for them to give full and honest feedback on an article, without fearing that the author will hold this against them.
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Are peer reviews public?

This is in contrast to the traditional peer review process where reviewers remain anonymous to anyone but the journal's editors, while authors' names are disclosed from the beginning. Open peer review may be defined as making the reviewers' reports public, instead of disclosing them to the article's authors only.
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Is peer review discoverable?

The protection afforded to peer review proceedings stems from California Evidence Code section 1157. The provisions of that statute provide that neither the proceedings nor records of organized committees of health care professionals in a hospital or of a peer review body shall be subject to discovery.
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Do peer reviewers have access to data?

During the peer review process, reviewers may request additional data or information from the authors of the paper they are reviewing. Reviewers may also request data from other papers to support their evaluation of the manuscript under review.
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Learning to Love Midlife By Chip Conley

What not to do in a peer review?

Reviews that make assumptions about the paper without providing specific feedback are not helpful to the author. Review comments should offer guidance to the authors on how they can broaden their research so it may contribute something to the field. The review comments should give the authors actionable feedback.
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What are the rules for peer reviewers?

Reviewer behaviour
  • Reviewers should:
  • - provide timely reviews that are both relevant and constructive.
  • - declare any conflicts of interest, either real or potential.
  • - disqualify themselves from review if they feel unable, for any reason, to provide an honest and unbiased assessment.
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Why are peer reviews anonymous?

Because reviewing is a reciprocal process, meant to be a safeguarding space for valid scientific input, anonymous reviewing is the standard default option. Anonymity should mean protection for the reviewer from retaliation and discrimination.
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Can peer review always be trusted?

While there are a lot of factors to consider, finding out if the article is peer-reviewed can be a quick litmus test for credibility. However, just because a paper is published in a “peer-reviewed journal,” does not mean that the paper is completely fact-checked, unbiased, or correct.
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Should I accept peer review?

Reviewers often find themselves swamped with multiple review requests at a time. While accepting peer review requests can boost a researcher's reputation and career progress, it is important to understand that, at times, turning down a request may be a better decision.
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Can you trust peer-reviewed articles?

Even if everything is done properly, peer review is not infallible. If authors fake their data very cleverly, for example, then it may be difficult to detect. Deliberately faking data is, however, relatively rare. Not because scientists are saints but because it is foolish to fake data.
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Where can I find peer-reviewed information?

Library databases such as CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, or Social Sciences Full Text are the best places to locate peer-reviewed articles. Most databases provide a limiter or check-off box that allows you to limit your results to peer-reviewed journals.
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What are the criticism of peer review?

A major criticism of peer review is that there is little evidence that the process actually works, that it is actually an effective screen for good quality scientific work, and that it actually improves the quality of scientific literature.
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Is it legal to hide reviews?

While it is generally not against the law for businesses to remove negative reviews, review platforms may have specific policies that businesses must follow. Review platforms aim to promote transparency and trust in the review process.
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How do I hide reviews from others?

It is impossible to hide Google reviews completely, but a business can choose not to display their overall rating or individual reviews by turning off the “Show my rating” or “Show my reviews” settings on their Google My Business account.
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Can an online review be traced?

Yes, Google can trace your IP once you leave a review for a business, even if you use a different email address or name.
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Is peer review blind?

Single-blind peer review is the traditional method of review. In it, reviewers know the identity of authors, but authors don't know the identity of reviewers. (In double-blind review, neither reviewers nor authors know who the other party is.
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Is peer review ethical?

Peer review is critical to maintaining the quality of science; there is therefore an ethical imperative for scientists to participate in this process when they are able to do so.
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How valuable is peer review?

Studies have shown that even strong writers benefit from the process of peer review: students report that they learn as much or more from identifying and articulating weaknesses in a peer's paper as from incorporating peers' feedback into their own work.
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What are the 3 kinds of peer review?

The three most common types of peer review are single-anonymized, double-anonymized, and open peer review.
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What is the golden rule of peer review?

Journals have no way to coerce reviewers to return their critiques faster. To greatly shorten the time to publication, all actors in this altruistic network should abide by the Golden Rule of Reviewing: review for others as you would have others review for you.
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What does peer review look for?

Peer review is designed to assess the validity, quality and often the originality of articles for publication. Its ultimate purpose is to maintain the integrity of science by filtering out invalid or poor quality articles.
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Is peer review binding?

Peer Review is a problem-solving process where an employee takes a dispute to a group or panel of fellow employees and managers for a decision. The decision is not binding on the employee, and s/he would be able to seek relief in traditional forums for dispute resolution if dissatisfied with the decision.
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Can anyone write a peer review?

Anyone can submit a manuscript to a peer reviewed journal. The challenge that face persons without training in scientific writing through, for example, a PhD, is that the manuscript is probably far more likely to be rejected because of poor writing or other mistakes.
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What happens after peer review?

The Decision is Communicated

The editor sends a decision email to the author including any relevant reviewer comments. Comments will be anonymous if the journal follows a single-anonymous or double-anonymous peer review model.
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