Career Colleges and Vocational Schools in Poland

Cracow School of Art and Fashion Design

Cracow, Poland
Cracow School of Art & Fashion Design was founded in 1989 as an art & design fashion institute residing in Krakow, Poland. It has six major disciplines: Fashion Design, Photography, Interior Design, Visual Merchandising, Drama and Choreography. Graduates from the institute work as fashion designers, fashion photographers and illustrators. The institute offers two & two and a half year full time programs, which are formulated by professionals who keep in mind the market requirements and the students’ needs. Students of photography are exposed to techniques as liquid light photography,... See full description.

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About Career Colleges and Vocational Schools in Poland

All career colleges and vocational schools in Poland operate under the watch of the Ministry of National Education and Sport. While the ministry regulates matters relating to education, financial and administrative matters, on the other hand, are looked after by states and district authorities. Government regulation of vocational education has increased, significantly, in the last decade or so.
Growth of Vocational Education In Poland
Vocational education has become a necessary response for Poland’s educators even as they grapple with the challenges posed by an aging population as well as increased labor force needs, resulting as a direct consequence of globalization.
As a result, Polish students have a host of post-secondary (grammar) vocational schools in Poland to choose from. Secondary school graduates, who seek employment as skilled manual workers, or equivalent thereof, can enroll in post-secondary career colleges. In Poland, these vocational training institutions constitute a significant part of the Polish secondary school system, and they help students acquire specializations that require secondary school qualifications.
Students have three types of vocational schools in Poland to choose from. First, there are public schools that are owned by the state. Next, there are privately owned non-public schools. Last, but not least, Polish students can opt to study in non-public schools that are accorded state-school status.
The Ministry of National Education has also facilitated post-grammar vocational training institution programs that have defined durations of up to three years; however, the duration of a particular course would depend on the nature of occupation sought by enrolling students. Just as in other Polish colleges, the courses in these schools run from September to June. On the successful completion of courses, students are awarded diplomas. These schools offer both part-time and full-time programs thereby making them amenable to working adults who wish to study.
Qualification Criteria for Vocational Training in Poland
Students aspiring to enroll in these vocational education programs are required to complete secondary school before they enter. Additionally, programs for medical education require an enrolling student to hold a school leaving certificate.  Such enrollment can be done online, and the single system of schooling in Poland makes it easy to have a single on-line application service for students who wish to enroll.
Post-grammar vocational schools in Poland were first introduced in the 1970s. In a bid to protect students from being exploited by unscrupulous providers of vocational education, both public and privately owned schools are regulated by the Ministry of National Education and Sport. Government regulations require schools to only offer vocational training in approved areas. 
Encouragement to Private Vocational Schools in Poland
Additionally, the government has sought to increase the credibility of privately owned schools by enhancing them to state-owned status, on the completion of certain requirements.
Thus, there cannot be any change in the basic curriculum of a privately owned vocational school from that of a government-owned one. Documents, including learner transcripts, are required to be preserved for ever. Qualifications of teachers are defined uniformly for both types of career college in Poland, as are the grading and promotion schemes.
However, the Ministry does not impose any restrictions on the use of teaching methods employed in private post-grammar vocational schools enjoying public-institution status. This enables these career colleges to differentiate themselves and attract enrollments.