Studies & Degrees in Animal Science
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Animal Science Study Programs
Bigger than any monarchy established on Earth, the Kingdom Animalia is certainly enormous. As a matter of fact, it is comprised of over two million animal species endowed with many different characteristics. These distinctive attributes gave rise to the complexity of this biological domain hence the variety of classifications such as phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. In the same way, the taxonomic particulars imply the peculiarity of each animal that ever lived. Besides, no two life forms are created with absolute identical physiological qualities. Consequently, a significant portion of this comprehensive animal realm happens to be the subject of animal science studies.
The word animal is of Latin origin inspired by the term “animalis” which can be translated to the phrase “having breath.” Scientifically speaking, it denotes affiliation to the huge Kingdom Animalia although colloquial implication commonly refers to non-human members of the group. Furthermore, these creations are described as both eukaryotic and multicellular capable of ingestion and digestion not to mention its ability to generate motion. Furthermore, animals have some other unique traits such as their ability to undergo sexual reproduction hence ensuring sustainable preservation of species from one generation to another.
Animal science is dedicated to inquire on the interesting life forms of the animal kingdom. Given the overwhelming numbers of species, this scientific faculty is focused to a particular grouping of animals. No wonder, it is described as the study of animal life under human dominion such as farm animals. Some other domestic species though were eventually added through time such as dogs, cats, and other companion animals. Even exotic animals are being considered as subjects of studies nowadays as the scope of inquiry broadens. Scientific investigation basically inquires into how these animals work through normal physiological functions of the organ system down to the molecular and cellular level. In the same way, it deals with growth and development via life processes such as lactation, nutrition, and reproduction for improvement of health, welfare, and productivity.
To respond to the growing demands of animal science expertise, the academe provided relevant academic curricula. This fact applies to both undergraduate and graduate schools offering course programs under this discipline. Bachelor’s degree conferred consists of specialization in Animal Science, Animal Science and Wildlife, and Applied Animal Science. Postgraduate curricula include Master of Animal Science, Master of Laboratory Animal Science, and Doctor of Philosophy in Animal Science. Short courses under two-year academic programs are also offered such as Associate of Applied Science in Animal Science which can be a great entry-level for students.
An array of career opportunities awaits animal scientists worldwide. The US veterinary industry alone caters for 28,000 animal testing laboratories not to mention animal centres and hospitals that comprise a competent academic niche to professionals. Government institutions may offer employment to eligible specialists for its livestock programs initiated by the Agriculture Department. Non-governmental organizations also hire animal science experts in the likes of Asian Federation of Laboratory Animal Science Associations, International Council of Laboratory Animal Science, and Companion Animal Science Institute. Colleges and universities worldwide can likewise provide teaching posts for degree holders who would like to share their knowledge and skills to the academe.