Studies & Degrees in Architecture
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Architecture Study Programs
The world is almost entirely covered by different infrastructures, all created to meet man’s needs. Malls, hotels, business establishments, schools, and houses are seen far and wide, most looking so similar to each other. But a certain few standout like the Hyatt Regency Hotel in San Francisco, California, USA and the Nakagin Capsule Tower in Tokyo, Japan. These infrastructures stand out because of their uniqueness in structure and shape. Many more are spread all over the world, always receiving expressions of awe from those who lay their eyes on them. Who could be responsible for these wonderful and majestic creations, you may ask? Of course, architects. They have studied and perfected the craft well enough to translate them into tangible and standing works of art. But, before we applaud the artists, we must first understand the craft.
Many experts in the field have tried to define architecture based on their perceptions of it. Van der Rohe defines it as ‘The will of the epoch translated into space.” Schelling calls it “frozen music.” In dictionaries, Architecture is defined as the art and science of designing and building structures. Yes, Architecture is the marriage of science and art. It deals with both aesthetics and technicalities. It focuses on user-sensitivity and functionality.
Architecture came forth from man’s need for shelter to answer to their problems related to climate. The simplest form of Architecture known has got to be the lean-to. It’s a matrix of leaves and twigs leaning on a few branches to protect the user from the heat of the sun and the strong winds. It was the kind of Architecture that was collapsible and portable. In Europe, it began with the use of mud bricks or stones. A proto-ziggurat was built in the Middle East in 3200 BC, the first pyramid, the Step Pyramid of Djoser, was built in Egypt in 3000 BC, and the Stonehenge in Europe in 2000 BC. These are a few of history’s greatest mega structures.
Now, we have far greater structures under different kinds of architectural styles like gothic and modern. Gothic architecture mainly comprised structures that were tall with sharp points, pointing straight up. This was the common style of churches before, representing man’s belief in a being that lived high above us. Today’s latest trend in architectural design is modern architecture. Examples of such are the Casa Mila in Barcelona, Spain and the famous Walt Disney Concert Hall, futuristic and definitely created without boundaries in mind. Other examples are baroque, classical, neo-gothic, and minimalist, spanning eras and cultures.
As the years passed, the infrastructures being put up became more refined as building technicalities and creativity came in. From mega structures, fortresses and villages were born, and soon, cities, countries, and nations. Architecture has shaped our world in ways far greater than we have ever imagined or expected it to. Year after year, new buildings are being put up, better than what we have seen before.
The creative juices of the world’s architects don’t seem to stop flowing. May they not and may we forever stand in awe in these individual’s works of wonder.
Job positions for Architecture:
During the early stages of human settlement, when man needed shelter, he gathered twigs and branches to create one. But shelter has taken a far greater form as men moved into building advancement. Man gained a higher level of intelligence in building and decided to use sturdier materials to create larger infrastructures. From mere organic materials, man experimented with stone. But building in the modern era is reserved for engineers and architects. Engineers focus on the structure’s stability as well as electrical and plumbing matrices. Architects focus on the aesthetics and functionality.
The term architect was derived from the Greek word arkhitekton which means chief builder. To become an Architect, you could take a 5-year bachelor’s degree on Architecture intended for those without any previous architectural training, a 2-year Master’s degree on Architecture when you have had architectural training, or a 3 to 4-year Master’s program for those enrolled in degrees in other disciplines. After taking the necessary education, one must earn a professional degree, complete internship or on-job-trainings related to architecture, or pass the Architect Registration Examination (ARE).
Only then, will you be employed as a professional Architect. In the United States, architects earn roughly $2,500 – 4,500 monthly, depending on their level and length of stay in the industry. Architects usually work 40 hours a week but with all the client meetings and deadlines, there seems to be no rest available for them.
Architects must have the knowledge in the field of geometry, trigonometry, physics, and technical drawing and design skills.
Architects spend a huge percentage of their life drawing, conceptualizing, meeting clients, and traveling. Most Architects say that traveling and photography are a requirement once you are a working architect because this keeps your mind open and fresh. Architects must forever search for beauty to fuel their creative minds in order to be able to design wonderful structures.
Architectural designers are concerned about how the people will use the infrastructures they will create. Architects claim that the difference between a civil engineer and an architect is the amount of attention given to user sensitivity. Sensitivity is important to architects because they design for the user. They design for the comfort and ease of the people. In the process of design conceptualization, they will incorporate their knowledge about human behavior and sensitivity.
After this, they will then establish the necessary spatial divisions within the structure. They decide where each room goes. With this kind of power, their task is almost godlike because the placing and arrangement of rooms and spaces will dictate how an individual will move from one area to the other.
So, in this ever evolving world, Architects add that element of art in structural science. They have, indeed, made cities look more interesting with every design their minds come up with.